南高加索语系

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南高加索语系
卡特维尔
地理分佈: 安纳托利亚南高加索
谱系学分类 世界上主要语系之一
分支:
ISO 639-5 ccs
[[File:Caucasus-ethnic es.svg|300px]]

南高加索语系又称卡特维尔语系格魯吉亞語ქართველური ენები),世界上主要语系之一,属于高加索诸语言。语言人口约520万,主要分布于格鲁吉亚,也有少量分布在土耳其阿塞拜疆伊朗俄罗斯以色列[1]又可细分为斯凡语、赞语族(Zan languages,包括明格列尔语拉兹语),和格鲁吉亚语。下属语言主要以格鲁吉亚语字母书写。

南高加索语系劃分[编辑]

“南高加索语系”(外高加索地区,又称“卡特维尔”)即古卡特维尔語系

古卡特维尔語系其下又分為斯凡语、赞语系,及格鲁吉亚语:

南高加索语系樹[编辑]


 
 
 
 
 
 
古卡特维尔語系
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
卡特-讚語系
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
赞语系
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
斯凡语
 
拉兹语
 
明格列尔语
 
格鲁吉亚语
 
 


参考资料[编辑]

參考文獻[编辑]

  • Boeder, W. Speech and thought representation in the Kartvelian (South Caucasian) languages. In: Güldemann, T., von Roncador, M. (Eds.), Reported Discourse. A Meeting-Ground of Different Linguistic Domains. Typological Studies in Language, vol. 52. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: Benjamins, pp. 3–48. 2002. 
  • Boeder, W. (2005). "The South Caucasian languages", Lingua, Vol. 115, Iss. 1-2 (Jan.-Feb.), Pages 5-89
  • Dalby, A. Language in Danger; The Loss of Linguistic Diversity and the Threat to Our Future. Columbia University Press. 2002. 
  • Fähnrich, H. Kartwelische Wortschatzstudien. Jena: Friedrich-Schiller-Universität. 2002. 
  • Fähnrich, H. & Sardzhveladze, Z. Etymological Dictionary of the Kartvelian Languages (in Georgian). Tbilisi. 2000. 
  • Gamkrelidze, Th. (1966) "A Typology of Common Kartvelian", Language, Vol. 42, No. 1 (Jan. - Mar.), pp. 69-83
  • Gamkrelidze, Th. & Ivanov, V. Indo-European and the Indo-Europeans: A Reconstruction and Historical Analysis of a Proto-Language and a Proto-Culture. 2 Vols. Berlin and New York: Mouton de Gruyter. 1995. 
  • Kajaia, O. Megrelian-Georgian dictionary. Vol 1. (in Georgian). Tbilisi. 2001. 
  • Kartozia, G. The Laz language and its place in the system of Kartvelian languages (in Georgian). Tbilisi. 2005. 
  • Klimov, G. Etymological Dictionary of the Kartvelian Languages (in Russian). Moscow. 1964. 
  • Klimov, G. Einführung in die kaukasische Sprachwissenschaft. Hamburg: Buske. 1994. 
  • Klimov, G. Etymological Dictionary of the Kartvelian Languages. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 1998a. 
  • Klimov, G. Languages of the World: Caucasian languages (in Russian). Moscow: Academia. 1998b. 
  • Lang, D. M. The Georgians. New-York: Praeger. 1966. 
  • Ruhlen, M. A Guide to the World’s Languages, Vol. 1: Classification. Stanford: Stanford University Press. 1987. 

外部链接[编辑]