印度尼西亞華人姓氏

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大量華人世居於印度尼西亞長達數個世紀。隨時間演變,特別是在印度尼西亞新秩序時期的社會與政治壓力迫使下,多數印尼華人已採用融入當地語言文化的姓氏拼寫方式[1][2]。但歷史上曾有許多具有閩南語粵語客家語等南方漢語特色的姓氏被廣泛使用。

印尼華人姓氏歷史[编辑]

殖民時代-1965年[编辑]

荷屬東印度時期,荷蘭當局以當地華人優勢語言-福建閩南話來拼寫出生證明書中的姓名欄。當局以最接近福建話語音的荷蘭語發音方式來記錄。類似的情況也發生在英屬馬來亞,英國當局以英語發音方式來記錄馬來亞華人的姓名。例如:[1]

漢姓 荷蘭當局拼法 英國當局拼法 白話字
Go Goh Gô͘
Lie Lee
Liem Lim Lîm
Liong Leong Liông
Oei、Oey Wee、Ooi Ûiⁿ
Tjan Chan Chan

此外,由於早期福建話正寫法尚未被制定與推廣,一些羅馬化姓氏存有異同;例如單單一個「郭」姓就有Kwee、Kwik、Que、Kwek等多種寫法。這類的拼寫傳統歷經了日本佔領時期(1942年-1945年)、印度尼西亞獨立(1945年)至荷蘭政府承認其主權(1949年)等時期。由於印尼政府初期延續荷蘭法律英语Law of the Netherlands,因此這類拼法持續存在直到1965年蘇卡諾掌權執政為止。

1947年與1972年,印尼語歷經兩次重大變革。導致如oe被改為u、j被改為y,因此從原本的Loe與Njoo分別被改為Lu與Nyoo等。

1965年-2000年[编辑]

2000年至今[编辑]

印尼華人姓氏拼寫法與其印尼化姓氏列表[编辑]

漢姓 泉漳話
潮州話
廣東話 客家話 印尼化姓氏舉例[2]
Tan Tjan, Chan Tjhin, Chin Tantama, Tandubuana, Tanardo, Tanto, Hertanto, Hartanto, Hartono, Tanoto, Tanu, Tanato, Tanutama, Sutanto, Cendana, Tanudisastro, Tandiono, Tanujaya, Santoso, Tanzil, Tandi, Tandjung, Tanjung, Tanasal, Tanadi, Tanusudibyo, Tanubrata, Tanamal, Taniwan, Tanuwidjaja, Tanuseputro, Tanumihardja, Tanaya, Tanjaya, Tandika, Tanandar, Hartanoe, Tania, Chandra (Tjandra), Tirtasana, Wirahadi, Yonatan, Sonatan, Natan, Tandoko, Tanojo, Daritan, Cinta (Tjinta), Tjintaputra, Winata, Iskandar, Susanto, Setiawan, other names with the prefixes Tanu- (Tanoe-) or Tan-
Hoan, Hwan, Huang Fan, Faan Fam,

Hoan, Hwan, Fan

Handoko, Limantara, Van, Fania, Fandi, Hoana, Hoanoto, Hoanita, Hoanike, Famita
Phe, Phi Phang Phang Pangestu
Phang Hung, Hoeng Fung,Foeng Fangestu, Fungestu, Pangestu
Ie, Oe Jie Jie Iman, Ibrahim, Iskandar
Kwee, Kwik, Que Kuok, Kwok, Kok Kuok, Kwok, Kok Kusumawijaya, Kusuma, Kuncoro, Soewito, Suwito
Han Hon Hon Handjojo, Hanjoyo, Handaya, Handoko, Suhandi, Handojo, Handoyo, Handidjaja, Hanjaya
Hoo Hoo Hoo Honoris, Hendrawan, Hengky, Hartono
Ang Hung, Hoeng Foeng Abraham, Anggawarsito, Anggakusuma, Angela, Angkadiredja, Angkiat, Anggoro, Anggodo, Anggono, Angkasa, Anggraini, Andyanto, Angryanto, Anggriawan, Sanggalo
Oei, Oey, Ng, Wie Bong, Wong Wong

Bong

Darwis, Wienathan, Wibowo, Widiatmo, Wijaya, Widjaja, Winata, Widagdo, Widodo, Winoto, Willy, Willys, Wiryo, Wirya, Wongkar, Wiryanto, Wiraatmadja, Winarto, Witoelar, Winardi, Wibisono, Wiryono, Wiranata, Wiryanto, Wiyono, Wijono, Wuisan, Wisanto, Wijanarko, Wijonarko, Windra, Jingga, Ngadimin, Ngadiman
Kang Kong Kong Kangean
Lua, Loa Laij, Lai Laij, Lay Laya, Lais, Lasuki
Li, Lie, Lee Li, Lie, Lee Li, Lie Lee Darmali, Lianto, Liman, Leman, Licindo, Liedarto, Rusli, Lika, Aliwarga, Nauli, Romuli, Ramali, Ramli, Riady, Liecharlie, Lieberman, Linardi, Listiohadi, Liyono, Leonardo, Ali, other names with the prefixes and suffixes -Li- or -Lie-
Nio, Neo Leong, Liong, Leung Leong, Liong Neonardi, Antonio, Rovanio, Nurtanio, Nurjaman
Liem, Lim Lam Liem, Lim Halim, Salim, Halimkusuma, Lemanjaya/Lemandjaja, Liman, Limanto, Limantoro, Limantara, Limiardi, Limijanto, Limiardja, Limijanti, Limarta, Taslim, Muslim, Liemena, Alim, Limawan, Linus, Baroleh, Ruslim, Mursalim, Linanto, Talim, Talin, Nursalim, Nastalim, Lumenta, Limputra, Suharlim, Satyalim, Wono, Wanandi, Haliman, Limansubronoto, Limandau, Limyadi
Lau, Lauw, Law Lau, Lauw, Law Lioe, Liauw, Liu Mulawarman, Lawang, Lauwita, Leo, Lawardi, Pahlawan, Lawrence, Lauvin, Lovin
Liok, Liuk Luk, Loek Luk, Loek, Lioek Loekito, Loekman, Loekmantoro
Loe, Lu Lu, Loo, Loe Lukito, Loekito, Luna, Lukas, Lunardy, Lusanto, Lukmanto
司徒 Sieto Szeto, Seto, Siehu, Suhu Sieto Lutansieto, Suhuyanli, Suhuyanly, Yosieto, Seto
Sim Sam, Sham Shim, Siem Boedihardjo, Yansen, Yatsen
Souw, So So, Soh Su, Soe, Shu Susanto, Suwandi, Soekotjo, Soehadi, Sosro, Solihin, Soeganda, Solikin, Soegihartanto, Sunardi
Teng Tang Then, Thien Tenggara, Tengger, Ateng, Tranggono
Ong Wong Wong Anugerah, Anugrah, Onggo, Ongko, Wangsadinata, Wangsapoetra, Wangsa, Radja, Wongsojoyo, Ongkowijoyo, Onggano, Wongso, Soemitro, Pranata, Sasongko
Oen Wan Boen, Woen Benyamin, Benjamin, Bunyamin, Budiman, Gunawan, Basirun, Bunaidi, Bunda, Wendi, Unang, Buntaran, Budiono


Go, Gouw, Goh Ng, Eng Ng, Eng Bagus, Bagoes, Gondo, Sugondo, Gozali, Wurianto, Gomarga, Gunawan, Gotama, Utama, Widargo, Sumargo, Gunardi, Gunadi, Prayogo, Sudirgo, Margono

Kho, Khouw Hoei, Hui Hii, Hie Komar, Kurnia, Kurniadi, Kurniawan, Kusika, Kusnadi, Kusuma, Kumala, Komarudin, Kosasih, Khosasih, Khoosasi, Kowara


Khoe (Hioe), Koo Khu, Ku Khoe, Ku
Tjoa, Chua Choy, Choi, Tjhoi Chai, Tjhai Tjahjana
Cia, Tjia Tse Cia, Chia, Tjia Ciawi, Syariel, Tjhia, Tjiasmanto, Sieto, Sinar, Sindoro, Tjahjadi
Njoo, Nyoo, Jo, Yo Yeung Yong, Jong Muljoto, Inyo, Yongki, Yoso, Yohan, Yorensin, Nyoto/Njoto, Sutaryo, Tindo
Yap/Jap Yip, Ip, Jip Yap, Jap, Djap Yapardi, Yapip, Yaputra, Jayaputra, Japutra, Yektiurip
Tjan Tjang, Tjan, Tsan, Tsang Tjen, Tsen, Chen, Tsang, Tjang Tjandra, Chandra, Chandiluhur, Chandrawinata, Candrakusuma, Tjandrakusuma, Tjandrawinata, Candrasaputra
Thio, Tio, Theo, Teo Tjong, Cheung Tjong, Chong, Tjen Canggih, Chandra, Natio, Setyo, Setio, Susetyo, Sulistio, Sutiono, Setiono, Soewondo, Susantyo, Kartio, Setiadi, Prasetyo/Prasetya, Setiawan

Te, The, Tee Cheng, Tjeng Chang, Tjang Sutedja, Teja, Tedja, Teddy, Tedjokumoro, Tejarukmana, Tedjamulia, Tedjasukmana
Tjioe, Djioe, Tjouw Tjhao, Tjhau, Djau, Djau, Djauw Tjioe, Tjhieuw, Tsieuw, Djioe, Tjeuw, Tjeeuw Juanda, Juano, Juanita, Yuanita
Tjo Chou, Tjo, Tjouw Chao, Chau, Djau, Jau, Jauw Cokro, Vonco, Tjokro
Wei, Goei, Gui, Gwie Ngoei, Ngui Ngoei, Ngui, Goei Wijaya, Widjaja, Gunawan
Lao, Lauw Yiu, Jioe Yauw, Jauw Joeswanto, Jayawan
Pao, Pauw Baau Pauw, Pouw Pualam, Purnama
Phoa, Phoa Poen Phan Pualam, Pualamsyah

參考資料[编辑]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 Budaya, Tradisi & Sejarah Tionghoa 
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 Sutanto, Irzanti, Ganti Name di Kalangan Keturunan Tionghoa, Peraturan dan Kebebasan, 2004-08-09 [2009-01-29], (原始内容存档于2008-01-30)