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台灣蜻蛉列表

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台灣蜻蛉列表列出了台灣目前已知的161種(亞種)蜻蛉目昆蟲(蜻蜓豆娘),其中包括19種特有種及10個特有亞種。特別標示保育類、存疑物種及離島物種。

  • A – 台灣特有種。
  • B – 台灣特有亞種。
  • C – 台灣保育類。

目录

差翅亞目 Anisoptera[编辑]

晏蜓科 Aeshnidae[编辑]

晏蜓屬 Aeshna[编辑]

  1. Aeshna petalura Martin, 1908
    1. 台灣亞種(泰雅晏蜓) - Aeshna petalura taiyal Asahina, 1938 (B)

Anaciaeschna[编辑]

  1. 碧翠晏蜓 - Anaciaeschna jaspidea (Burmeister, 1839)
  2. 烏基晏蜓 - Anaciaeschna martini Selys, 1897

Anax[编辑]

  1. 烏點晏蜓 - Anax guttatus (Burmeister, 1839)
  2. 烏帶晏蜓 - Anax nigrofasciatus Oguma, 1915
    1. 烏帶晏蜓指名亞種 - A. n. nigrofasciatus Oguma, 1915
  3. 麻斑晏蜓 - Anax panybeus Hagen, 1867
  4. 綠胸晏蜓 - Anax parthenope julius Brauer, 1865

頭蜓屬 Cephalaeschna[编辑]

  1. 微刺晏蜓 - Cephalaeschna risi Asahina, 1981

Gynacantha[编辑]

  1. 浡鋏晏蜓 - Gynacantha bayadera Selys, 1891
  2. 長鋏晏蜓 - Gynacantha hyalina Selys, 1882
  3. 倭鋏晏蜓 - Gynacantha japonica Bartenef, 1909
  4. 琉球晏蜓 - Gynacantha ryukyuensis Asahina, 1962
  5. 舞鋏晏蜓 - Gynacantha saltatrix Martin, 1909

Periaeschna[编辑]

  1. 柱鋏晏蜓 - Periaeschna magdalena Martin, 1909

Planaeschna[编辑]

  1. 石垣晏蜓台灣亞種 - Planaeschna ishigakiana flavostria Yeh, 1996 (B)
  2. 李斯晏蜓 - Planaeschna risi risi Asahina, 1964
  3. 陽明晏蜓 - Planaeschna taiwana Asahina, 1951 (A)

Polycanthagyna[编辑]

  1. 朱黛晏蜓 - Polycanthagyna erythromelas (McLachlan, 1896)
  2. 描金晏蜓 - Polycanthagyna melanictera (Selys, 1883)
  3. 喙鋏晏蜓 - Polycanthagyna ornithocephala (McLachlan, 1896)

Sarasaeschna[1][编辑]

  1. 鉤鋏晏蜓 - Sarasaeschna chiangchinlii (Chen & Yeh, 2014) (A)
  2. 短鋏晏蜓 - Sarasaeschna kaoi (Yeh, Lee & Wong, 2015)[2](A)
  3. 日清晏蜓 - Sarasaeschna lieni (Yeh et Chen, 2000) (A)
  4. 源埡晏蜓 - Sarasaeschna pyanan (Asahina, 1915) (A)
  5. 刃鋏晏蜓 - Sarasaeschna tsaopiensis (Yeh et Chen, 2000) (A)

春蜓科 Gomphidae[编辑]

Anisogomphus[编辑]

  1. 國姓春蜓 - Anisogomphus koxingai Chao, 1954
  2. 長唇春蜓 - Anisogomphus maacki (Selys, 1872)

Asiagomphus[编辑]

  1. 海南春蜓 - Asiagomphus hainanensis (Chao, 1953)
  2. 雙角春蜓 - Asiagomphus pacificus (Chao, 1953)
  3. 圓痣春蜓 - Asiagomphus perlaetus (Chao, 1953)
  4. 鈎紋春蜓 - Asiagomphus septimus (Needham, 1930)

Bumagomphus[编辑]

  1. 蟲莖春蜓 - Bumagomphus vermicularis (Matin, 1904)

Fukienogomphus[编辑]

  1. 火神春蜓 - Fukienogomphus prometheus (Lieftinck, 1939)

Gomphidia[编辑]

  1. 聯紋春蜓 - Gomphidia confluens Selys, 1878
  2. 異紋春蜓 - Gomphidia kruegeri fukienensis Chao, 1955

Heliogomphus[编辑]

  1. 曲尾春蜓 - Heliogomphus retroflexus (Ris, 1912)

Ictinogomphus[编辑]

  1. 粗鉤春蜓 - Ictinogomphus rapax (Rambur, 1842)

Lamelligomphus[编辑]

  1. 鉤尾春蜓 - Lamelligomphus formosanus (Matsumursa, 1926)

Leptogomphus[编辑]

  1. 紹德春蜓 - Leptogomphus sauteri Ris, 1912
    1. 紹德春蜓嘉義亞種 - L. s. formosanus Matsumura, 1926 (B)
    2. 紹德春蜓恆春亞種 - L. s. sauteri Ris, 1912 (B)

Merogomphus[编辑]

  1. 窄胸春蜓 - Merogomphus paviei Martin, 1904

Sieboldius[编辑]

  1. 闊腹春蜓 - Sieboldius deflexus (Chao, 1955)

Sinictinogomphus[编辑]

  1. 細鉤春蜓 - Sinictinogomphus clavatus (Fabricius, 1775)

Sinogomphus[编辑]

  1. 鉸剪春蜓 - Sinogomphus formosanus Asahina, 1951 (A)

Stylogomphus[编辑]

  1. 球角春蜓 - Stylogomphus change Asahina, 1968 (A)
  2. 錘角春蜓 - Stylogomphus shirozui shirozui Asahina, 1966 (B)

Stylurus[编辑]

  1. 南山春蜓 - Stylurus takashii (Asahina, 1966) (A) ※存疑物種

勾蜓科 Cordulegastridae[编辑]

Anotogaster sieboldii

Anotogaster[编辑]

  1. 無霸勾蜓 - Anotogaster sieboldii (Selys, 1854) (C)

Chlorogomphus[编辑]

  1. 短痣勾蜓 - Chlorogomphus brevistigma Oguma, 1926 (A)
  2. 褐翼勾蜓 - Chlorogomphus risi Chen, 1950 (A)
  3. 闊翼勾蜓 - Chlorogomphus splendidus Selys, 1878 ※存疑物種
  4. 斑翼勾蜓 - Chlorogomphus suzukii (Oguma, 1926)

弓蜓科 Cordullidae[编辑]

Epophthalmia[编辑]

  1. 慧眼弓蜓 - Epophthalmia elegans (Brauer, 1865)

Hemicordulia[编辑]

  1. 岷峨弓蜓 - Hemicordulia mindana nipponica Asahina, 1980

Macromia[编辑]

  1. 褐面弓蜓 - Macromia berlandi Lieftinck, 1941[3][4]
  2. 耀沂弓蜓 - Macromia chui Asahina, 1968 (A)
  3. 海神弓蜓 - Macromia clio Ris, 1916
  4. 天王弓蜓 - Macromia urania Ris, 1916

短足弓蜓屬 Macromidia[编辑]

  1. 黃尾弓蜓 - Macromidia ishidai Asahina, 1964[5]

Somatochlora[编辑]

  1. 臺灣弓蜓 - Somatochlora taiwana Inoue and Yokota, 2001 (A)

蜻蜓科 Libellulidae[编辑]

Pantala flavescens

錐腹蜻屬 Acisoma[编辑]

  1. 粗腰蜻蜓 - Acisoma panorpoides panorpoides Rambur, 1842

Agrionoptera[编辑]

  1. 八仙蜻蜓 - Agrionoptera insignis similis Selys, 1879 ※離島物種

Brachydiplax[编辑]

  1. 橙斑蜻蜓 - Brachydiplax chalybea flavovittata Ris, 1911

Brachythemis[编辑]

  1. 褐斑蜻蜓 - Brachythemis contaminata (Fabricius, 1793)

Cratilla[编辑]

  1. 線紋蜻蜓 - Cratilla lineate assidua Lieftinck, 1953

Crocothemis[编辑]

  1. 猩紅蜻蜓 - Crocothemis servilia servilia (Drury, 1770)

Deielia[编辑]

  1. 短痣蜻蜓 - Deielia phaon (Selys, 1883) ※存疑物種

Diplacodes[编辑]

  1. 侏儒蜻蜓 - Diplacodes trivialis (Rambur, 1842)

Hydrobasileus[编辑]

  1. 硃紅蜻蜓 - Hydrobasileus croceus (Brauer, 1867)

Lathrecisata[编辑]

  1. 海神蜻蜓 - Lathrecisata asiatica asiatica (Frbricius, 1798)

Lyriothemis[编辑]

  1. 廣腹蜻蜓 - Lyriothemis elegantissima Selys, 1883
  2. 樹穴蜻蜓 - Lyriothemis flava Oguma, 1915

Macrodiplax[编辑]

  1. 高翔蜻蜓 - Macrodiplax cora (Brauer, 1867)

Nannophya[编辑]

  1. 小紅蜻蜓 - Nannophya pygmaea Rambur, 1842

Nannophyopsis[编辑]

  1. 漆黑蜻蜓 - Nannophyopsis clara (Needham, 1930)

Neurothemis[6][编辑]

  1. 淺褐蜻蜓 - Neurothemis fulvia (Drury, 1773) ※存疑物種
  2. 善變蜻蜓 - Neurothemis taiwanesis Seehausen & Dow, 2016 (A)
  3. 雙截蜻蜓 - Neurothemis tullia tullia (Drury, 1773)

Onychothemis[编辑]

  1. 琥珀蜻蜓 - Onychothemis testacea tonkinensis Martin, 1904

Orthetrum[编辑]

  1. 白刃蜻蜓 - Orthetrum albistyla speciosum (Uhler, 1858)
  2. 金黃蜻蜓 - Orthetrum glaucum (Brauer, 1865)
  3. 扶桑蜻蜓 - Orthetrum japonicum internum McLachlan, 1894
  4. 呂宋蜻蜓 - Orthetrum luzonicum (Brauer, 1868)
  5. 灰黑蜻蜓 - Orthetrum melania (Selys, 1883)
  6. 霜白蜻蜓 - Orthetrum pruinosum (Burmeister, 1839)
    1. 霜白蜻蜓西里亞種 - O. p. clelia (Selys, 1878)
    2. 霜白蜻蜓中印亞種 - O. p. neglectum (Rambur, 1842)
  7. 杜松蜻蜓 - Orthetrum sabina sabina (Drury, 1770)
  8. 赭黃蜻蜓 - Orthetrum testaceum testaceum (Burmeister, 1839) ※存疑物種
  9. 鼎脈蜻蜓 - Orthetrum triangulare (Selys, 1878)

Pantala[编辑]

  1. 薄翅蜻蜓 - Pantala flavescens (Fabricius, 1798)

Potamarcha[编辑]

  1. 溪神蜻蜓 - Potamarcha congener congener (Rambur, 1842)

Pseudothemis[编辑]

  1. 黃紉蜻蜓 - Pseudothemis zonata (Burmeister, 1839)

Rhyothemis[编辑]

  1. 黑翅蜻蜓 - Rhyothemis fuliginosa Selys, 1883
  2. 藍黑蜻蜓 - Rhyothemis regia regia (Brauer, 1867)
  3. 賽琳蜻蜓 - Rhyothemis severini Ris, 1913
  4. 三角蜻蜓 - Rhyothemis triangularis Kirby, 1889
  5. 彩裳蜻蜓 - Rhyothemis variegate arria (Drury, 1773)

Sympetrum[7][编辑]

  1. 赤衣蜻蜓 - Sympetrum baccha baccha (Selys,1884) ※存疑物種
  2. 長尾蜻蜓 - Sympetrum cordulegaster (Selys, 1883)
  3. 仲夏蜻蜓 - Sympetrum darwinianum (Selys,1883)
  4. 秋紅蜻蜓 - Sympetrum depressiusculum (Selys, 1841)
  5. 焰紅蜻蜓 - Sympetrum eroticum ardens (McLachlan, 1894)
  6. 紅脈蜻蜓 - Sympetrum fonscolombei (Selys, 1840)
  7. 孔凱蜻蜓 - Sympetrum kunckeli (Selys, 1884) ※存疑物種
  8. 纖紅蜻蜓 - Sympetrum nantouensis (Tang, Yeh & Chen, 2013) (A)
  9. 黃基蜻蜓 - Sympetrum speciosum taiwanum Asahina, 1951 (B)

Tholymis[编辑]

  1. 夜遊蜻蜓 - Tholymis tillarga (Fabricius, 1798)

Tramea[编辑]

  1. 海霸蜻蜓 - Tramea transmarina Brauer, 1867
    1. 海霸蜻蜓微斑亞種 - T. t. euryale (Selys, 1878)
    2. 海霸蜻蜓粗斑亞種 - T. t. propinqua (Lieftinck, 1942)
  2. 大華蜻蜓 - Tramea virginia (Rambur, 1842)

Trithemis[编辑]

  1. 紫紅蜻蜓 - Trithemis aurora (Burmeister, 1839)
  2. 樂仙蜻蜓 - Trithemis festiva (Rambur, 1842)
  3. 灰脈蜻蜓 - Trithemis pallidinervis (Kirby, 1889) ※存疑物種

Urothemis[编辑]

  1. 褐基蜻蜓 - Urothemis signata yiei Asahina, 1972 (B)

Zygonyx[编辑]

  1. 高砂蜻蜓 - Zygonyx takasago Asahina, 1966

Zyxomma[编辑]

  1. 灰影蜻蜓 - Zyxomma obtusum Albarda, 1881[5]
  2. 纖腰蜻蜓 - Zyxomma petiolatum Rambur, 1842

均翅亞目 Zygoptera[编辑]

細蟌科 Coenagrionidae[编辑]

Ischnura senegalensis

Aciagrion migratum[编辑]

  1. 針尾細蟌 - Aciagrion migratum (Selys, 1876)

Agriocnemis[编辑]

  1. 白粉細蟌 - Agriocnemis femina oryzae Lieftinck, 1962
  2. 橙尾細蟌 - Agriocnemis pygmaea (Rambur, 1842)

Ceriagrion[编辑]

  1. 紅腹細蟌 - Ceriagrion auranticum ryukyuanum Asahina, 1967
  2. 昧影細蟌 - Ceriagrion fallax fallax Ris, 1914
  3. 黃腹細蟌 - Ceriagrion melanurum Selys, 1876
  4. 朱紅細蟌 - Ceriagrion nipponicum Asahina, 1967

異痣蟌屬 Ischnura[编辑]

  1. 亞東細蟌 - Ischnura asiatica (Brauer, 1865)
  2. 朝雲細蟌 - Ischnura aurora aurora (Brauer, 1865)
  3. 青紋細蟌 - Ischnura senegalensis (Rambur, 1842)

Mortonagrion[编辑]

  1. 四斑細蟌 - Mortonagrion hirosei Asahina, 1972[4][8]
  2. 月斑細蟌 - Mortonagrion selenion (Ris, 1916) ※存疑物種

Paracercion[编辑]

  1. 葦笛細蟌 - Paracercion calamorum dyeri (Fraser, 1919)
  2. 蔚藍細蟌 - Paracercion sexlineatum (Selys, 1883)
  3. 錢博細蟌 - Paracercion sieboldii (Selys, 1876) ※存疑物種

Pseudagrion[编辑]

  1. 瘦面細蟌 - Pseudagrion microcephalum (Rambur, 1842)
  2. 弓背細蟌 - Pseudagrion pilidorsum pilidorsum (Brauer, 1868)
  3. 丹頂細蟌 - Pseudagrion rubriceps rubriceps Selys, 1876 ※離島物種

琵蟌科 Platycnemididae[编辑]

Calicnemia[编辑]

  1. 美姿琵蟌 - Calicnemia eximia (Selys, 1863) ※存疑物種

Coeliccia[编辑]

  1. 青黑琵蟌 - Coeliccia cyanomelas Ris, 1912
  2. 黃尾琵蟌 - Coeliccia flavicauda flavicauda Ris, 1912 (B)

Copera[编辑]

  1. 環紋琵蟌 - Copera ciliata (Selys, 1863)
  2. 脛蹼琵蟌 - Copera marginipes (Rambur, 1842)

Onychargia[编辑]

  1. 藍彩琵蟌 - Onychargia atrocyana (Selys, 1865)

Prodasineura[编辑]

  1. 烏齒琵蟌 - Prodasineura autumnalis (Fraser, 1922) ※離島物種
  2. 朱背琵蟌 - Prodasineura croconota (Ris, 1916)

幽蟌科 Euphaeidae[编辑]

Bayadera[编辑]

  1. 短尾幽蟌 - Bayadera brevicauda brevicauda Fraser, 1928 (B)

Euphaea[编辑]

  1. 短腹幽蟌 - Euphaea formosa Hagen, 1869 (A)

絲蟌科 Lestidae[编辑]

Indolestes[编辑]

  1. 青紋絲蟌 - Indolestes cyaneus (Selys, 1862)

Lestes[编辑]

  1. 鑲紋絲蟌 - Lestes concinnus Hagen, 1862 ※存疑物種
  2. 隱紋絲蟌 - Lestes praemorsus decipiens Kirby 1893

Orolestes[编辑]

  1. 長痣絲蟌 - Orolestes selysi McLachlan, 1895

蹣蟌科 Megapodagrionidae[编辑]

  1. 芽痣蹣蟌 - Rhipidolestes aculeatus aculeatus Ris, 1912

洵蟌科 Synlestidae[编辑]

Megalestes[编辑]

  1. 黃腹洵蟌 - Megalestes maai Chen, 1947

華洵蟌屬 Sinolestes[编辑]

  1. 黃肩洵蟌 - Sinolestes edita Needham, 1930[5]

珈蟌科 Calopterygidae[编辑]

Matrona[编辑]

  1. 白痣珈蟌 - Matrona cyanoptera Hamalainen and Yeh, 2000 (A)

Mnais[编辑]

  1. 細胸珈蟌 - Mnais andersoni tenuis Oguma, 1913

Neurobasis[编辑]

  1. 綠翅珈蟌 - Neurobasis chinensis (Linnaeus, 1758) ※存疑物種

Psolodesmus[编辑]

  1. 中華珈蟌 - Psolodesmus mandarinus McLachlan, 1870
    1. 中華珈蟌南台亞種 - P. m. dorothea Williamson, 1904 (B)
    2. 中華珈蟌指名亞種 - P. m. mandarinus McLachlan, 1870 (B)

鼓蟌科 Chlorocyphidae[编辑]

Aristocypha[编辑]

  1. 簾格鼓蟌 - Aristocypha baibarana (Matsumura, 1931) (A) ※存疑物種

Heliocypha[编辑]

  1. 棋紋鼓蟌 - Heliocypha perforate perforate (Percheron, 1835)

Libellago[编辑]

  1. 脊紋鼓蟌 - Libellago lineata lineata (Burmeister, 1839)

Rhinocypha[编辑]

  1. 朱環鼓蟌 - Rhinocypha taiwana (Wang & Chang, 2013)[9](A)

参考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ Chen, Szu-Lung; Yeh, Wen-Chi. Description of a new species of the genus Sarasaeschna Karube & Yeh, with a key to the species of Taiwan (Odonata: Anisoptera: Aeshnidae). Zootaxa. 2014-02-07, 3764: 92–100. ISSN 1175-5326. PMID 24870282. 
  2. ^ Yeh, Wen-Chi; Lee, I.-Lung; Wong, Kwok-Ching. Description of Sarasaeschna kaoi sp. nov. in Taiwan, with notes on the proposed differentiating characters of the pyanan-group (Odonata, Aeshnidae). Zootaxa. 2015-03-04, 3926 (1): 122–128. ISSN 1175-5334. PMID 25781772. 
  3. ^ 曹美華, 陳榮章, 葉文琪. 臺灣蜻蜓的新紀錄種-褐面弓蜓. 自然保育季刊. 2013年3月, 81: 37–41. 
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 瀕危2蜻蜓 在台新發現. 蘋果日報. 2007-11-08. 
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 5.2 Wen-Chi Yeh(葉文琪), Hsin-Chieh Tang(唐欣潔), Szu-Lung Chen(陳賜隆) & Mei-Hua Tsou(曹美華). Three Dragonflies (Odonata) Newly Recorded in Taiwan (PDF). Formosan Entomol(台灣昆蟲). 2006, 26: 187–195. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2016-03-03). 
  6. ^ Malte Seehausen; Rory A. Dow. Morphological studies and taxonomic considerations on the 'reddishbrownwinged' group of Neurothemis Brauer, 1867 with the description of N. taiwanensis sp. nov. (Odonata: Libellulidae). Internafional Dragonfly Fund Report. 2016,. 93: 1–101. 
  7. ^ Tang, Hsin-Chieh; Yeh, Wen-Chi; Chen, Szu-Lung. Description of an endemic and endangered new Sympetrum species (Odonata: Libellulidae) from the subtropical area of Taiwan. Zootaxa. 2013, 3693: 351–357. ISSN 1175-5326. PMID 26185853. 
  8. ^ 行政院農委會林務局. 社團法人中華民國荒野保護協會. 台灣特稀有野生動物棲地利用調查及營造統籌計畫 四斑細蟌棲地保育及教育推廣計劃成果報告書[失效連結]. 2010.12.31
  9. ^ Wang, Liang-Jong; Cherng, Jyh-Jong; Chang, Yung-Jen; Jiang, Jin-Li. Description of Rhinocypha taiwana sp. nov. from Taiwan, with a preliminary molecular phylogenetic analysis of the Rhinocypha drusilla-group (Odonata: Chlorocyphidae). International Journal of Odonatology. 2013-03-01, 16 (1): 93–107. ISSN 1388-7890. doi:10.1080/13887890.2012.763152. 

外部連結[编辑]