本页使用了标题或全文手工转换

各国自杀率列表

维基百科,自由的百科全书
跳转至: 导航搜索
2004世界各国自杀率(每年每10万人中自杀人数)示意图。[1]
  无数据
  少于3
  3–6
  6–9
  9–12
  12–15
  15–18
  18–21
  21–24
  24–27
  27–30
  30–33
  多于33
匈牙利自杀率(1950-2010), 1984年: 每100,000人46.1个自杀者, 这是人类历史的最高纪录. 东欧剧变以后 (1980年代中期开始) 自杀率迅速降低.

各国自杀率列表,数据来自世界卫生组织,国家排名为最近有记录的一年的总体死亡率,最近的更新在2011年。

数据[编辑]

每年每10万人中的自杀人数[2][注 1]





国家或地区 男性 女性 总体 采集年份
 格陵兰[3][4] (更多) 116.9 45.0 83.0 2011[5]
 立陶宛[6] (更多) 54.7 10.8 31.0 2012
 韩国[7] (更多) 38.2 18.0 28.1 2012
 圭亚那 (更多) 39.0 13.4 26.4 2006
 哈萨克斯坦 (更多) 43.0 9.4 25.6 2008
 斯洛維尼亞[8] 34.6 9.4 21.8 2011
 匈牙利[9] 37.4 8.5 21.7 2009
 日本 (更多)[10] 21.7 2012
 斯里蘭卡 (更多) 34.8 9.24 21.3 2011[11]
 拉脫維亞 20.8 2010[12]
 白俄羅斯[13][14] 20.5 2012
 烏克蘭[15] (更多) 19.8 2012
 克罗地亚[16] 30.2 10.0 19.7 2002
 俄羅斯[17] (更多) 19.6 2013
 摩尔多瓦 17.6 2008
 波蘭 17.5 2013
 塞爾維亞 24.9 9.0 17.3 2011[18]
 比利時[注 2][9][注 3] 17 2009[19]
 乌拉圭[20] 16.5 2012
 不丹[21](更多) 16.2 2011
 芬兰[22] 24.6 7.9 16.0 2012
 南非[23] 15.4 2005
 奥地利 23.8 7.1 15.45 2009
 中華民國[24] 20.5 9.7 15.1 2011
 爱沙尼亚 27.3 4.5 14.8 2010[12]
 法国 (更多) 22.8 7.4 14.7 2010[12]
 苏里南 23.9 4.8 14.4 2005
 波赫[25] 13.3 2011
 捷克 12.8 2010
 古巴 19.0 5.5 12.3 2008
 保加利亚 18.8 6.2 12.3 2008
 香港[26] 10.6 13.8 12.2 2011
 美國[27] (更多) 19.2 5.5 12.0 2009
 羅馬尼亞 20.8 3.7 11.9 2009
 挪威 14.0 5.0 11.9 2012
 英國 (更多) 18.2 5.1 11.8 2011[28]
 紐西蘭[29] 17.0 6.4 11.5 2010
 葡萄牙[9] 11.5 2011[30]
 加拿大 (更多) 17.9 5.3 11.5 2009[31]
 丹麥 16.6 6.2 11.3 2010[32]
 冰島[33] 18.3 4.6 11.3 2009
 智利 18.2 4.2 11.2 2007
 瑞典 16.4 5.9 11.1 2010
 瑞士 16.5 6.2 11.1 2009
 千里達及托巴哥 17.9 3.8 10.7 2006
 印度 (更多) 13.0 7.8 10.5 2009
 愛爾蘭 17.4 3.4 10.3 2013[34]
 新加坡 13.3 7.3 10.3 2012[35]
 澳大利亚[36] 15.3 4.8 10.0 2011
 斯洛伐克[9] 17.4 2.8 9.9 2011
 德國[9] 15.6 4.7 9.9 2010
 吉尔吉斯斯坦 14.1 3.6 8.8 2009
 荷蘭 [9] 12.0 5.0 8.8 2010
 土库曼斯坦 13.8 3.5 8.6 1998
 馬其頓共和國[9] 12.6 3.9 8.0 2009
 薩爾瓦多 12.9 3.6 8.0 2008
 辛巴威 10.6 5.2 7.9 1990
 卢森堡[9] 13.2 2.9 7.8 2008
 阿根廷 12.6 3.0 7.7 2008
 西班牙 11.8 3.4 7.6 2012[37]
 波多黎各 13.2 2.0 7.4 2005
 厄瓜多尔 10.5 3.6 7.1 2009
 中国 [38] (更多) 3 6.9 2012
 模里西斯 11.8 1.9 6.8 2008
 義大利 10.0 2.8 6.3 2007
 哥斯达黎加 10.2 1.9 6.1 2009
 泰國 9.5 2.7 6.1 2011[39]
 以色列[40] 9.9 2.1 5.8 2007
 尼加拉瓜 9.0 2.6 5.8 2006
 巴拿马 9.0 1.9 5.5 2008
 哥伦比亚 7.9 2.0 4.9 2007
 巴西 7.7 2.0 4.8 2008
 伊朗[41][42] 3.9 2.1 4.8 2013
 乌兹别克斯坦 7.0 2.3 4.7 2005
 柬埔寨 4.6 2008
 格鲁吉亚 7.1 1.7 4.3 2009
 阿尔巴尼亚[43] 4.7 3.3 4.0 2003
 墨西哥 6.8 1.3 4.0 2008
 宏都拉斯[44] 3.84 2011
 巴林 4.0 3.5 3.8 2006
 伯利兹 6.6 0.7 3.7 2008
 聖文森及格瑞那丁 5.4 1.9 3.7 2008
 土耳其[45] 3.62 2011
 巴拉圭 5.1 2.0 3.6 2008
 賽普勒斯[9] 5.9 1.3 3.6 2009
 危地马拉 5.6 1.7 3.6 2008
 巴巴多斯 7.3 0.0 3.5 2006
 希臘 6.1 1.0 3.5 2009
 馬爾他 5.9 1.0 3.4 2008
 委內瑞拉 5.3 1.2 3.2 2007
 菲律賓 4.5 1 2.75 2005[46]
 塔吉克斯坦 2.9 2.3 2.6 2001
 圣卢西亚 4.9 0.0 2.4 2005
 多米尼加 3.9 0.7 2.3 2005
 亞美尼亞 2.8 1.1 1.9 2008
 科威特 1.9 1.7 1.8 2009
 巴哈马 1.9 0.6 1.2 2005
 约旦 0.0 0.0 1.1 2009
 巴基斯坦 [47] 1.45 0.71 1.10 2012
 秘魯 1.1 0.6 0.9 2000
 聖多美和普林西比 0.0 1.8 0.9 1987
 阿塞拜疆 1.0 0.3 0.6 2007
 馬爾地夫 0.7 0.0 0.3 2005
 牙买加 0.3 0.0 0.1 1990
 叙利亚 0.2 0.0 0.1 1985
 埃及 0.1 0.0 0.1 2009
 格瑞那達 0.0 0.0 0.0 2008
 圣基茨和尼维斯 0.0 0.0 0.0 1995
 安地卡及巴布達 0.0 0.0 0.0 1995
 海地 0.0 0.0 0 2003
 尼泊尔 0.0 0.0 0 2003

注释[编辑]

  1. ^ 此处数据的部分国家采集年份及来源不同,因此不具有可比性,请在使用这些数据时注意。
  2. ^ Recently released figures by official Belgian authorities suggest a considerably higher rate of 17.0 persons (total) per 100,000 people per annum in 2009 (5,712 cases in a population of 10,749,000 (=10,666,866 as of 1 January 2008 increasing by 0,77% per annum.) as of 1 January 2009).Toenemend aantal zelfdodingen in Belgie. 2011. 
  3. ^ The number of death in Belgium in 2008 due to suicide "zichzelf schade toebrengen" was reported at 2000 out of a total of 103.760 death. These death comprise 1453 men and 547 women. This puts the suicide rate at about 19 per 100.000. See statbel: http://statbel.fgov.be/nl/binaries/NL%20-%20Tableau%201%2E3_T_2008_tcm325-168456.pdf

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Mortality and Burden of Disease Estimates for WHO Member States in 2002 (xls). World Health Organization. 2002 [2009-12-13]. 
  2. ^ Unless otherwise stated all statistics are from WHO: Country reports and charts available. WHO website - Mental health. World Health Organization. 2009 [2010-06-01]. 
  3. ^ The Suicide Capital of the World. [13 March 2013]. 
  4. ^ Rising suicide rate baffles Greenland. [13 March 2013]. 
  5. ^ Statistics Greenland. 
  6. ^ Savižudybių statistika;. Valstybinis psichikos sveikatos centras. [2013-09-09]. 
  7. ^ Causes of Death Statistics in 2012 (PDF). Statistics Korea. 2012 [2013-09-25]. 
  8. ^ Unless otherwise stated all statistics are from WHO: Suicide rates per 100,000 by country, year and sex (Table). Statistični urad Republike Slovenije. 2011 [2012-01-26]. 
  9. ^ 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.7 9.8 Death Due To Suicide. Eurostat. European Commission. 2009 [2010-01-10]. 
  10. ^ Nikkei; LEAD: No. Of Suicides Falls Below 30,000 For 1st Time In 15 Years. Nikkei. 2013-01-17 [2013-01-17]. 
  11. ^ Sri Lanka Journal of Psychiatry Vol 3(2) December 2012. 
  12. ^ 12.0 12.1 12.2 http://www.stat.ee/57205
  13. ^ National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus (for 2012);. Belstat. [2012-12-03]. 
  14. ^ The Demographic situation;. National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 2012 [2013-12-03]. 
  15. ^ Хаустова О. О. Самогубства та побутова смертність в Україні: підсумки 2012 року // Український вісник психоневрології. — 2013. — В. 4 (77). — Т. 21. — С. 12-18.
  16. ^ Hrvatski zavod za zdravstvo. MENTALNE BOLESTI I POREME ĆAJI U REPUBLICI HRVATSKOJ. Statistika HZZJ. Zagreb. [4 December 2012]. 
  17. ^ Rosstat. Rosstat. 2014-01-30 [2014-02-01]. 
  18. ^ Report of Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. [2013-05-27]. 
  19. ^ Eurostat
  20. ^ Grave preocupación por tasa en alza de 16,5 suicidios cada 100.000 habitantes. [2014-07-09]. 
  21. ^ World Suicide Death Rate Rankings (WHO) (PDF). 2011-12-16. 
  22. ^ Causes of death 2012, Statistics Finland. 2013-12-30. 
  23. ^ This data is for urban areas only. Burrows, Stephanie; Lucie Laflamme. Suicide Mortality in South Africa. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. February 2006.  http://www.springerlink.com/content/px7v1186u51k738w The data available for the whole of South Africa in 2007 are: men 1.4, women 0.4, total 0.9 (source: WHO)
  24. ^ Causes of death, Department of Health, ROC (XLS). [2013-05-20]. 
  25. ^ SRNA. BiH: Prošle godine ubilo se 507 lica, od čega 16 maloletnika. SRNA. 2012-04-16 [4 December 2012]. 
  26. ^ Statistics. Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention. 2013.
  27. ^ QuickStats: Suicide and Homicide Rates,* by Age Group — United States, 2009. July 20, 2012 [2014-07-09] (英文). 
  28. ^ UK suicide rate rises 'significantly' in 2011. BBC News. 22 January 2013. 
  29. ^ Suicide Facts: Deaths and intentional self-harm hospitalisations 2010 (PDF). [2013-06-06]. 
  30. ^ Crise aumenta número de suicídios em Portugal. [2013-02-10] (Portuguese). 
  31. ^ Suicides and suicide rate, by sex and by age group, Canada. 
  32. ^ Center for Selvmordsforskning, statistikbank. 
  33. ^ 36 died from own hand. Hagstofa Íslands/Statistical Bureau of Iceland. Morgunblaðið. 2010 [2010-09-21]. 
  34. ^ Central Statistics Office. Vital Statistics - Fourth Quarter and Yearly Summary - 2013. 
  35. ^ Samaritians of Singapore. Suicide Statistics in Singapore. 
  36. ^ Overview of suicide in Australia. Mindframe. 2013.
  37. ^ Suicides and suicide rate, by sex and by age group, Spain. 
  38. ^ Economist. A dramatic decline in suicides: Back from the edge A dramatic decline in suicides Back from the edge. Economist. Jun 28th 2014 [Jul 23rd 2014]. 
  39. ^ Suicide Rates: Thailand. 
  40. ^ Adobe Acrobat - loss_2011.pdf (PDF). [2013-09-09]. 
  41. ^ Iranian Legal Medicine Organization. 2013.  www.lmo.ir
  42. ^ Tehran has the highest rate of suicide in Iran.. 2013.  Bahar Newspaper
  43. ^ WHO | Suicide rates per 100,000 by country, year and sex (Table). Who.int. 2009-12-07 [2010-09-30]. 
  44. ^ Mortalidad y otros (Mortality and others). IUDPAS. 2011-03-01 [2013-01-22]. 
  45. ^ TÜİK İntihar İstatistikleri. http://www.tuik.gov.tr. 
  46. ^ http://gulfnews.com/news/world/philippines/suicide-rate-has-steadily-risen-in-philippines-for-21-years-report-1.1049675
  47. ^ Based on a population of 180.4 million in 2012 (Population Reference Bureau), a sex ratio of 1.06 males/female (CIA World Factbook, 2013) and figures from 'State of Human Rights in 2012' by the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan: 1,976 persons committed suicide in 2012 across the country of which 626 were women.