同一理论

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同一理论(也叫还原物理主义类型物理主义心物同一理论心灵同一理论),中文也译作同一论同一说等,是一个 物理主义的理论,属于心灵哲学。它断言,精神事件英语mental event可以被分成类别,然后使之相关于大脑中不同类型的物理事件。例如,“精神上的疼痛”这一类型,事实上是在描述物理上的过程,例如C纤维英语Group C nerve fiber的激活。

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参考资料和推荐阅读[编辑]

  • Chalmers, David (1996). The Conscious Mind, Oxford University Press, New York.
  • Feigl, Herbert (1958). "The 'Mental' and the 'Physical'" in Feigl, H., Scriven, M. and Maxwell, G. (eds.) Concepts, Theories and the Mind-Body Problem, Minneapolis, Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 2, reprinted with a Postscript in Feigl 1967.
  • Feigl, Herbert (1967). The 'Mental' and the 'Physical', The Essay and a Postscript, Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press.
  • Jackson, Frank (1982) "Epiphenomenal Qualia", Philosophical Quarterly 32, pp. 127–136.
  • Kripke, Saul (1972/1980). Naming and Necessity, Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press. (Originally published in 1972 as "Naming and Necessity".)
  • Lewis, David (1966). "An Argument for the Identity Theory", Journal of Philosophy, 63, pp. 17–25.
  • Lewis, David (1980). "Mad Pain and Martian Pain" in Readings in the Philosophy of Psychology, Vol. I, N. Block (ed.), Harvard University Press, pp. 216–222. (Also in Lewis's Philosophical Papers, Vol. 1, Oxford University Press, 1983.)
  • Morris, Kevin (2019). Physicalism Deconstructed: Levels of Reality and the Mind–Body Problem, 劍橋大學出版社, Cambridge.
  • Place, U. T. (1956). "Is Consciousness a Brain Process?", British Journal of Psychology, 47, pp. 44–50.
  • Place, U. T. (unpublished). "Identity Theories", A Field Guide to the Philosophy of Mind. Società italiana per la filosofia analitica, Marco Nani (ed.). (link)
  • Putnam, Hilary (1988). Representation and Reality. The MIT Press.
  • Smart, J. J. C. (1959). "Sensations and Brain Processes", Philosophical Review, 68, pp. 141–156.
  • Smart, J. J. C. (2004). "The Identity Theory of Mind", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2004 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.). (link)

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