咽喉反流

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Sagittal illustration of the anterior portion of the human head and neck. In LPR, the pharynx (1) and larynx (3) are exposed to gastric contents that flow upward through the esophagus (4).

咽喉反流(Laryngopharyngeal reflux,縮寫 LPR)[1][2],又稱為喉咽回流、咽喉逆流症、咽喉胃酸逆流、胃食管外反流疾病(extraesophageal reflux disease,縮寫 EERD)[3],是指胃酸逆行流到上呼吸消化道的現象,如此現象會導致多種症狀,如咳嗽聲音嘶啞喘息,等等症狀。咽喉反流為哮喘的相關的合併症[4]

雖然胃灼熱是人們胃食管反流病(GERD)的主要症狀,然而胃灼熱存在的患者之 LPR 少於50%。用來描述這種情況的其他術語包括「非典型回流」、[5]沉默回流,[6]以及「上食道回流」。[7]

註釋[编辑]

  1. ^ Laryngopharyngeal Reflux, New York-Presbyterian Hospital, Weill Cornell Medical Center
  2. ^ Laryngopharyngeal Reflux (LPR), About.com
  3. ^ Kahrilas PJ. Maximizing outcome of extraesophageal reflux disease. Am J Manag Care. October 2000, 6 (16 Suppl): S876–82. PMID 11184658. 
  4. ^ Cazzola M, Segreti A, Calzetta L, Rogliani P. Comorbidities of asthma: current knowledge and future research needs (PDF). Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine. 2013, 19 (1): 36–41. PMID 23114561. doi:10.1097/MCP.0b013e32835b113a. 
  5. ^ MARCI-Kids Midwest Acid Reflux Children's Institute. [29 April 2010]. (原始内容存档于2017-06-28). 
  6. ^ Koufman JA. Laryngopharyngeal reflux is different from classic gastroesophageal reflux disease. Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal. 2002, 81 (9 Suppl 2): 7–9. PMID 12353431. 
  7. ^ Zerbib F, Stoll D. Management of laryngopharyngeal reflux: an unmet medical need.. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2010, 22 (2): 109–12. PMID 20067549. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2982.2009.01437.x. 

外部連結[编辑]