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(重定向自喉頭
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Larynx
Larynx external en.svg
喉頭解剖,前视
细节
拉丁文 larynx[1]
希腊文 λάρυγξ (lárynx)[1]
识别标示
MeSH D007830
TA英语Terminologia Anatomica A06.2.01.001
FMA FMA:55097
解剖學名詞英语Anatomical terminology

喉頭Larynx)是哺乳類頸部的一個器官,用於保護氣管,或是作為發聲構造。同時也是氣管食道分開的位置。

註釋[编辑]

參考文獻[编辑]

  • Laitman, J.T.; Noden, D.M.; Van De Water, T.R. Formation of the larynx: from homeobox genes to critical periods. (编) Rubin, J.S.; Sataloff, R.T.; Korovin, G.S. Diagnosis & Treatment Voice Disorders. San Diego: Plural. 2006: 3–20. ISBN 9781597560078. OCLC 63279542. 
  • Laitman, J.T.; Reidenberg, J.S. Specializations of the human upper respiratory and upper digestive tract as seen through comparative and developmental anatomy. Dysphagia. 1993, 8 (4): 318–325. doi:10.1007/BF01321770. PMID 8269722. 
  • Laitman, J.T.; Reidenberg, J.S. The human aerodigestive tract and gastroesophageal reflux: An evolutionary perspective. Am. J. Med. 1997, 103 (Suppl 5A): 3–11. doi:10.1016/s0002-9343(97)00313-6. PMID 9422615. 
  • Laitman, J.T.; Reidenberg, J.S. The evolution of the human larynx: Nature’s great experiment. (编) Fried, M.P.; Ferlito, A. The Larynx 3rd. San Diego: Plural. 2009: 19–38. ISBN 1597560626. OCLC 183609898. 
  • Lieberman, P. Toward an Evolutionary Biology of Language. Harvard University Press. 2006. ISBN 0-674-02184-3. OCLC 62766735. 
  • Lipan, M.; Reidenberg, J.S; Laitman, J.T. The anatomy of reflux: A growing health problem affecting structures of the head and neck. Anat Rec B New Anat. 2006, 289 (6): 261–270. doi:10.1002/ar.b.20120. OCLC 110307385. PMID 17109421. 
  • Romer, A.S.; Parsons, T.S. The Vertebrate Body. Philadelphia, PA: Holt-Saunders International. 1977. ISBN 0-03-910284-X. 
  • Seikel, J.A.; King, D.W.; Drumright, D.G. Anatomy & Physiology for Speech, Language, and Hearing 4th. Delmar, NY: Cengage Learning. 2010. ISBN 1-4283-1223-4.