死亡丧钟

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死亡喪鐘(英語:Death Knell)是教堂裏在有人去世後敲響的三次中的第二次。以英國來説,它前面一個為Passing Bell(臨終之鐘)[1][2],在臨死時敲響;後面一個為Lych Bell或Corpse Bell(葬禮之鐘),在舉行葬禮時敲響[3][4],後者也就是今日喪禮中的喪鐘。按19世紀時的傳統,死亡喪鐘要在牧師得知信徒逝世後馬上敲響。但是若此時已經入夜,那麽則在第二天一早敲整整一小時的死亡喪鐘。[5] [6]

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Walters P156. He also notes " ..there was sometimes the inconvenience that though the Passing Bell had been duly rung, the dying person might recover"
  2. ^ Timbs, John. Mysteries of Life, Death, and Futurity: illustrated from the best and latest authorities. New York. 1863. 
  3. ^ Brand, John; Ellis, Sir Henry; Halliwell-Phillipps, James Orchard. Observations on the Popular Antiquities of Great Britain: chiefly illustrating the origin of our vulgar and provincial customs, ceremonies, and superstitions. Bohn. 1849-01-01 (英语). 
  4. ^ Walters P 160
  5. ^ E.g. Thomas Hood's poem "Faithless Sally Brown"; "His death which happened in his berth, At forty-odd befell: They went and told the sexton, and The sexton tolled the bell"
  6. ^ Walters P157
  • H B Walters, The Church bells of England. published 1912 and republished 1977 by Oxford University Press.

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