國民陣線 (英國)

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英國國民陣線
National Front
领袖 David MacDonald[1]
Deputy Leader Adam Lloyd[2]
成立 1967年2月7日,​52年前​(1967-02-07
总部 赫爾河畔京士頓[1]
意识形态 英國法西斯主義[3]
新法西斯主義[4]
政治立场 极右翼
官方色彩       红色, 白色, 藍色
官方网站
nationalfront.info
United Kingdom政治
政党 · 选举

國民陣線(英語:National Front,缩写为NF)是英国的一个极右翼新法西斯主义政党。總部在赫爾河畔京士頓的一個小黨。該黨在英國任何一級政府和议会都沒有當選代表。 在七十年代的鼎盛時期,雖然從來沒有在英國議會獲得過席位,但卻有少數地方議員。

選舉數據[编辑]

大選[编辑]

在70年代,作為選舉陣營的陣線的出現,是英國政治的“前所未有的發展”,因為這是一個極右翼政黨第一次獲得這麼多票。 這就質疑了長期以來的假設,即英國選民不像歐洲大陸那樣,對極右呼籲“是免疫的”。[5]

到目前,這個政黨並不如歐洲其他極右派政黨(例如德國另類選擇)的亮眼。[6]

年分 Number of candidates 總頭票數 Average voters per candidate Percentage of vote Saved deposits Change (percentage points) 當選議員
1970 10 11,449 1,145 0.04 0 N/A 0
Feb 1974 54 76,865 1,423 0.2 0 +0.16 0
Oct 1974 90 113,843 1,265 0.4 0 +0.2 0
1979 303 191,719 633 0.6 0 +0.2 0
1983 60 27,065 451 0.1 0 −0.5 0
1987 1 286 286 0.0 0 −0.1 0
1992 14 4,816 344 0.1 0 +0.1 0
1997 6 2,716 452 0.0 0 −0.1 0
2001 5 2,484 497 0.0 0 0.0 0
2005 13 8,029 617 0.0 0 0.0 0
2010 17 10,784 634 0.0 0 0.0 0
2015 7 1,114 159 0.0 0 0.0 0

歐洲議會[编辑]

參考資料[编辑]

註記[编辑]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 Regulated entity profile: National Front. The Electoral Commission. 26 March 2015 [1 April 2015].  Registration reference:PP 2707
  2. ^ New National Front Leadership Announced. National Front. 17 November 2015 [4 November 2017]. (原始内容存档于2017-12-23). 
  3. ^ Bowyer, Benjamin. Local context and extreme right support in England: The British National Party in the 2002 and 2003 local elections. Electoral Studies. December 2008, 27 (4). 
  4. ^ Wilkinson 1981, p. 73; Shaffer 2013, p. 460.
  5. ^ Taylor 1982, p. xi.
  6. ^ Fielding 1981, p. 152.

來源[编辑]

Baker, David L. A. K. Chesterton, the Strasser Brothers and the Politics of the National Front. Patterns of Prejudice 19. 1985: 23–33. doi:10.1080/0031322X.1985.9969821. 
Copsey, Nigel. Contemporary British Fascism: The British National Party and the Quest for Legitimacy second. London and New York: Routledge. 2008. ISBN 978-0230574373. 
Template:Cite contribution
Durham, Martin. Women and Fascism. London: Routledge. 1998. ISBN 978-0415122795. 
Durham, Martin. The British Extreme Right and Northern Ireland. Contemporary British History 26. 2012: 195–211. doi:10.1080/13619462.2012.673713. 
Fielding, Nigel. The National Front. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. 1981. ISBN 978-0710005595. 
Hanna, Max. The National Front and Other Right‐Wing Organizations. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 3. 1974: 49–55. doi:10.1080/1369183X.1974.9975257. 
Husbands, Christopher T. Racial Exclusionism and the City: The Urban Support of the National Front. London: George Allen & Unwin. 1983. ISBN 0-04-329045-0. 
Shaffer, Ryan. The Soundtrack of Neo-Fascism: Youth and Music in the National Front. Patterns of Prejudice 47. 2013: 458–482. doi:10.1080/0031322X.2013.842289. 
Sykes, Alan. The Radical Right in Britain: Social Imperialism to the BNP. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan. 2005. ISBN 978-0333599242. 
Taylor, Stan. The Incidence of Coloured Populations and Support for the National Front. British Journal of Political Science. 1979, 9 (2): 250–255. JSTOR 193434. doi:10.1017/s0007123400001757. 
Taylor, Stan. The National Front in English Politics. London: Macmillan. 1982. 
Thurlow, Richard. Fascism in Britain: A History, 1918–1985. Oxford: Blackwell. 1987. ISBN 0-631-13618-5. 
Walker, Martin. The National Front. London: Fontana. 1977. ISBN 0006348246. 
Whiteley, Paul. The National Front Vote in the 1977 GLC Elections: An Aggregate Data Analysis. British Journal of Political Science. 1979, 9 (3): 370–380. JSTOR 193338. doi:10.1017/s000712340000185x. 
Wilkinson, Paul. The New Fascists. London: Grant McIntyre. 1981. ISBN 978-0330269537. 

延伸閱讀[编辑]

Baker, David. Ideology of Obsession: A. K. Chesterton and British Fascism. London and New York: Tauris Academic Studies. 1996. 
Billig, Michael. Fascists: A Social Psychological View of the National Front. London: Academic Press. 1978. 
Fielding, Nigel. Ideology, Democracy and the National Front. Ethnic and Racial Studies 4. 1981b: 56–74. doi:10.1080/01419870.1981.9993324. 
Harrop, Martin; England, Judith; Husbands, Christopher T. The Bases of National Front Support. Political Studies 28. 1980: 271–283. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9248.1980.tb01250.x. 
Husbands, Christopher T. Extreme Right‐Wing Politics in Great Britain: The Recent Marginalisation of the National Front. West European Politics. 1988, 11 (2): 65–79. doi:10.1080/01402388808424682. 
Template:Cite contribution
Steed, M. The National Front Vote. Parliamentary Affairs. 1978, 31 (3): 282–293. doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.pa.a054266. 
Weightman, G.; Weir, S. The National Front and the Young: A Special Survey. New Society. 1978, XLIV (812): 186–193. 
Whiteley, Paul. A Comment on 'The Incidence of Coloured Populations and Support for the National Front'. British Journal of Political Science. 1980, 10 (2): 267–268. JSTOR 193484. doi:10.1017/s0007123400002143. 

外部連結[编辑]