土蜗属

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土蜗属
化石时期:侏羅紀–現在
Galba truncatula.jpg
截口土蜗Galba truncatula)的螺殼
科学分类 编辑
界: 动物界 Animalia
门: 軟體動物門 Mollusca
纲: 腹足纲 Gastropoda
科: 椎实螺科 Lymnaeidae
亚科: 椎实螺亚科 Lymnaeinae
属: 土蜗属 Galba
Schrank, 1803[1]
模式种
Buccinum truncatulum O. F. Müller, 1774
異名[2][3][4]

見內文

土蜗属(学名:Galba)为一種會呼吸空氣的淡水螺物種,屬於椎实螺科有肺類腹足綱軟體動物[4]。本屬最廣為人知的物種為截口土蜗Galba truncatula)。

本屬物種已知從侏羅紀就已出現,到現在仍有現生種[5]

物種[编辑]

本屬物種計有:

Subgenus Galba (Galba) Schrank, 1803
  • Galba (Galba) bulimoides (Klein, 1846)
  • Galba (Galba) cornea (Brongniart, 1810)
  • Galba (Galba) kenesensis (Halaváts, 1903)
  • Galba (Galba) phrygopalustris (Oppenheim, 1919)
  • Galba (Galba) praepalustris (Roman, 1907)
  • Galba (Galba) sandbergeri (Łomnicki, 1886)
  • Galba (Galba) subtruncatula (Clessin, 1885)
  • Galba (Galba) suevica (Wenz, 1916)
  • 截口土蜗 Galba (Galba) truncatula (O. F. Müller, 1774)[11][12]模式種
異名:
  • Galba dupuyana (Noulet, 1854): synonym of † Galba dupuyiana (Noulet, 1854)
  • Galba jaccardi (Maillard, 1892): synonym of †Stagnicola jaccardi (Maillard, 1892)
  • Galba montanensis F. C. Baker, 1913: synonym of Walterigalba montanensis (F. C. Baker, 1913)
  • Galba occulta Jackiewicz, 1959: synonym of Ladislavella terebra (Westerlund, 1885)
  • Galba pusilla Schrank, 1803: synonym of Galba truncatula (O. F. Müller, 1774)
  • Galba (Galba) armaniacensis (Noulet, 1857): synonym of † Stagnicola armaniacensis (Noulet, 1857)
  • Galba (Galba) bouilleti (Michaud, 1855): synonym of † Stagnicola bouilleti (Michaud, 1855)
  • Galba (Galba) glabra (Müller, 1774): synonym of † Omphiscola glabra (O. F. Müller, 1774)
  • Galba (Galba) heriacensis (Fontannes, 1876): synonym of † Stagnicola bouilleti (Michaud, 1855)
  • Galba (Galba) jaccardi (Maillard, 1892): synonym of † Stagnicola jaccardi (Maillard, 1892)
  • Galba (Galba) kreutzii (Łomnicki, 1886): synonym of † Stagnicola kreutzii (Łomnicki, 1886)
  • Galba (Galba) palustris (Müller, 1774): synonym of Stagnicola palustris (O. F. Müller, 1774)
  • Galba (Galba) rouvillei (Fontannes, 1879): synonym of † Stagnicola bouilleti (Michaud, 1855)
  • Galba (Galba) subfragilis (d'Orbigny, 1852): synonym of † Lymnaea subfragilis d'Orbigny, 1852
  • Galba (Galba) subpalustris (Thomä, 1845): synonym of † Stagnicola subpalustris (Thomä, 1845)

另外還有:

異名[编辑]

  • Fossaria Westerlund, 1885[13]
  • Galba (Bakerilymnaea) Weyrauch, 1964
  • Galba (Galba) Schrank, 1803
  • Galba (Sibirigalba) Kruglov & Starobogatov, 1985
  • Limnaea (Galba) Schrank, 1803 (genus misspelling; Galba is a separate genus)
  • Lymnaea (Galba) Schrank, 1803 (elevated to genus level)
  • Nasonia F. C. Baker, 1928 (invalid: junior homonym of Nasonia Ashmead, 1904 [Hymenoptera]; Bakerilymnaea is a replacement name)
  • Truncatuliana Servain, 1881 (invalid: junior objective synonym of Galba)

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Schrank F. von Paula (1803). Favna Boica. Durchgedachte Geschichte der in Baiern einheimischen und zahmen Thiere. Dritten und lezten Bandes zweyte Abtheilung. pp. [1], 1-372, III-XIX [= 3-19]. Landshut. (Krüll).
  2. ^ Bargues M. D., Artigas P., Khoubbane M., Flores R., Glöer P., et al. (2011). "Lymnaea schirazensis, an Overlooked Snail Distorting Fascioliasis Data: Genotype, Phenotype, Ecology, Worldwide Spread, Susceptibility, Applicability". PLoS ONE 6(9): e24567. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0024567.
  3. ^ International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) (1998). "Opinion 1896. Galba Schrank, 1803 (Mollusca, Gastropoda): Buccinum truncatulum Müller, 1774 designated as the type species". Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 55: 123.
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 Bouchet, P. Galba Schrank, 1803. World Register of Marine Species. 2014 [2014-11-17]. 
  5. ^ Ivanov, M.; Hrdličková, S.; Gregorová, R. year=2001. Encyklopedie zkamenělin. , Dobřejovice, 1. vydání, 312 pp., page =126: Rebo Productions (捷克语). 
  6. ^ Levri E. P., Krist A. C., Bilka R. & Dybdahl M. F. (2014). "Phenotypic Plasticity of the Introduced New Zealand Mud Snail, Potamopyrgus antipodarum, Compared to Sympatric Native Snails". PLoS ONE 9(4): e93985. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0093985.
  7. ^ Bargues M. D., Artigas P., Mera y Sierra R. L., Pointier J. P. & Mas-Coma S. (2007). "Characterisation of Lymnaea cubensis, L. viatrix and L. neotropica n. sp., the main vectors of Fasciola hepatica in Latin America, by analysis of their ribosomal and mitochondrial DNA". Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology 101: 621-641. doi:10.1179/136485907X229077.
  8. ^ Liu G.-H., Wang S.-Y., Huang W.-Y., Zhao G.-H., Wei S.-J., et al. (2012). "The Complete Mitochondrial Genome of Galba pervia (Gastropoda: Mollusca), an Intermediate Host Snail of Fasciola spp." PLoS ONE 7(7): e42172. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0042172.
  9. ^ 中国科学院动物研究所. 小土蜗. 《中国动物物种编目数据库》. 中国科学院微生物研究所. [2009-04-28]. (原始内容存档于2016-03-05). 
  10. ^ Glöer P. & Pešić V. (2012). "The freshwater snails (Gastropoda) of Iran, with descriptions of two new genera and eight new species". ZooKeys 219: 11-61, doi:10.3897/zookeys.219.3406.
  11. ^ 中国科学院动物研究所. 截口土蜗. 《中国动物物种编目数据库》. 中国科学院微生物研究所. [2009-04-28]. (原始内容存档于2016-03-05). 
  12. ^ Müller O. F. (1774). Vermivm terrestrium et fluviatilium, seu animalium infusoriorum, helminthicorum, et testaceorum, non marinorum, succincta historia. Volumen alterum. pp. I-XXVI [= 1-36], 1-214, [1-10]. Havniae & Lipsiae. (Heineck & Faber).
  13. ^ Westerlund (1885) Fauna Paläarct. Reg. Binnenconch., 5, 24, 49.

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外部連結[编辑]