地下絲絨

维基百科,自由的百科全书
跳到导航 跳到搜索
The Velvet Underground (Logo).png
The Velvet Underground
Velvet Underground 1968 by Billy Name.png
1966年的地下丝绒乐队
从左至右为盧·里德莫林·塔克約翰·凱爾斯特林·莫里森
组合
音乐类型實驗搖滾
艺术摇滚
前龐克
前衛音樂
出道地点美国纽约市
活跃年代1965年–1973年
1990年
1992年–1994年
1996年
已离开成员
  • Lou Reed
  • 約翰·凱爾
  • 斯特林·莫里森
  • Angus MacLise
  • 莫林·塔克
  • Doug Yule
  • Walter Powers
  • Willie Alexander

地下丝绒(英語:The Velvet Underground)是一个在1964年于纽约由歌手兼吉他手盧·里德,多乐器手約翰·凱爾,吉他手斯特林·莫里森,和鼓手Angus MacLise (1965年被莫林·塔克替代)组建的美国摇滚乐队。乐队原活跃于1965到1973年之间,并且同时由波普艺术家(pop artist)安迪·沃霍管理,作为舞台表演樂團(house band)活跃于安迪·沃霍位于纽约的“工廠工作室”(the Factory),以及在从1966持续到1967年的“爆炸塑胶的必然”(Exploding Plastic Inevitable)多媒体活动中演出。乐队于1967年发行的首张专辑:《地下丝绒与妮可》(The Velvet Underground & Nico),遭遇了销量和口碑上的双重失败,但后来成为了广受好评的一张专辑;且被滚石杂志于2003年称为“历史上最有预见性的专辑”。[1]

历史[编辑]

早期阶段(1964–1966)[编辑]

1964年晚期奠定了地下丝绒乐队的前身。歌手兼作曲家兼吉他手卢·里德曾与一些短暂存在的车库摇滚(garage rock)乐队进行演出,并且作为一个作曲家为匹克威克唱片(Pickwick Records)工作。在此期间,Reed认识了一个为了学习古典音乐以获得奖学金而移居到美国的英国威尔士人约翰·凯尔。凯尔尽管对于摇滚乐有兴趣,但也曾和一些实验音乐家 Cornelius Cardew拉蒙特·扬共事过,与扬的Theatre of Eternal Music一起演出过。Young对于嗡嗡声的运用在乐队早期对歌曲音效曾造成过深刻的影响。凯尔在发现里德与他的实验音乐倾向十分共同时他表现得十分惊喜:里德有时在使用他的备用吉他调音时会创造出一种“嗡嗡”的音色。这两个人在排练之后一起进行了演出;他们的伙伴关系和共同兴趣在之后促成了地下丝绒乐队的诞生。

Andy Warhol和《the Exploding Plastic Inevitable》 (1966–1967)[编辑]

乐队被认为影响最大的专辑《The Velvet Underground & Nico》
The Velvet Underground & Nico标识

《The Velvet Underground & Nico》 (1967)[编辑]

《White Light/White Heat》 和Cale's departure (1968)[编辑]

Doug Yule加入和《The Velvet Underground》 (1969)[编辑]

音乐作品[编辑]

专辑[编辑]

录音室专辑[编辑]

年份 专辑
1967 The Velvet Underground & Nico
1968 White Light/White Heat
1969 The Velvet Underground
1970 Loaded
1973 Squeeze

EP和单曲[编辑]

年份 歌(A面或B面) 收录专辑
1966 "All Tomorrow's Parties" (edit) b/w "I'll Be Your Mirror" The Velvet Underground & Nico
"Sunday Morning" b/w "Femme Fatale" (FRA #174)
1968 "White Light/White Heat" b/w "Here She Comes Now" White Light/White Heat
"I Heard Her Call My Name" b/w "Here She Comes Now"
1969 "What Goes On" (edit) b/w "Jesus" The Velvet Underground
"The Velvet Underground" (radio ad distributed to radio stations with excerpts from The Velvet Underground)
1971 "Who Loves The Sun" b/w "Oh! Sweet Nuthin'" Loaded
"Who Loves The Sun (mono)" b/w "Who Loves The Sun (stereo)"
"Who Loves The Sun" b/w "Sweet Jane" (UK-only release)
1973 "Sweet Jane" b/w "Rock and Roll" (FRA #96)
"I'm Waiting for the Man" b/w "Run Run Run" b/w "Candy Says" (UK-only release)
"I'm Waiting for the Man" b/w "Candy Says" b/w "White Light/White Heat" (NLD-only release)
1985 "Foggy Notion" (edit) b/w "I Can't Stand It" (promo) VU
1988 "I'm Waiting for the Man" b/w "Heroin" (UK-only release) non-album singles
"Venus In Furs" b/w "All Tomorrow Parties" (UK-only release)
1993 "I'm Waiting for the Man" b/w "Pale Blue Eyes" b/w "White Light/White Heat" b/w "Sweet Jane" (UK-only release, promo)
"Venus In Furs" b/w "I'm Waiting For The Man" (FRA-only release) Live MCMXCIII
1994 "Venus in Furs" (live edit) b/w "Sweet Jane" (Live), "Heroin" (Live), "I'm Waiting for the Man" (Live) (UK #71) non-album singles
2009 "We're Gonna Have A Real Good Time Together" b/w "If You Close The Door (After Hours)"


现场专辑[编辑]

年份 专辑
1972 Live at Max's Kansas City
1974 1969: The Velvet Underground Live
1993 Live MCMXCIII
2001 Final V.U. 1971–1973
The Quine Tapes
2015 The Complete Matrix Tapes

精选辑[编辑]

年份 专辑
1971 Andy Warhol's Velvet Underground featuring Nico
1973 Velvet Underground
1985 VU
1986 Another View
1989 The Best of The Velvet Underground: Words and Music of Lou Reed
1991 Chronicles
1995 The Best of Lou Reed & The Velvet Underground
1997 Fully Loaded
2000 The Best of The Velvet Underground: The Millennium Collection
2001 Rock and Roll: An Introduction to The Velvet Underground
2002 The Velvet Underground & Nico (Deluxe Edition)
2003 The Very Best of the Velvet Underground
2005 Gold
2008 Playlist Plus

套装[编辑]

年份 专辑
1993 What Goes On
1995 Peel Slowly and See
2012 The Velvet Underground & Nico 45th Anniversary
2013 White Light/White Heat 45th Anniversary
2014 The Velvet Underground 45th Anniversary
2015 Loaded 45th Anniversary

參考來源[编辑]

  1. ^ 500 Greatest Albums of All Time. Rolling Stone. [2018-02-20]. 

外部連結[编辑]