塔特語 (高加索)

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塔特語
zuhun tati
母语国家和地区阿塞拜疆達吉斯坦(俄羅斯)
区域北高加索南高加索
族群高加索塔蒂人山地猶太人阿爾梅諾-塔特人英语Armeno-Tats
母语使用人数未知(28,000 除外猶太-塔特人 根据 1989 –)[1]
語系
文字
官方地位
作为官方语言 达吉斯坦共和国[3]
語言代碼
ISO 639-3ttt
Glottologmusl1236[4]
ELP英语Endangered Languages ProjectMuslim Tat
语言瞭望站58-AAC-g
Tat-language-area.png

塔特語(zuhun tati;Tat language),也稱為塔特波斯語、或塔蒂波斯語,[5][6]伊朗西南部英语Western Iranian languages的一種語言,與波斯語接近[7]但不能完全相互理解[8],並由阿塞拜疆以及俄羅斯高加索塔蒂人所使用。高加索地區的山地猶太人也使用一種叫做猶太-塔特語伊朗語言

塔特語詞彙[编辑]

英語 塔特語 扎扎其語 北庫爾德語 波斯語 中文
big kələ gırd, pil girs, mezin bozorg
blood xun goni xwûn, xwîn xûn 血液
bread nun nan, non non nân 麵包
bride ərüs veyve bûk arus 新娘
brother birar bıra bra, brat barâdar 兄弟
cat pişik, nazu pısing pisîk, kitik piši, gorbe
cry girəstən bermayen girîn geristan
dark tarik, tariki tari tarî târîk 黑暗
day ruz roce, roje, roze roj ruz 日子,天
donkey xər her ker xar 驢子
egg xaykərg hak hêk tokhme morg
eye çüm çım çav chashm 眼睛
father piyər pi, pêr bav, bab pedar 父親
fear (v) tərsirən tersayen tirsîn tarsidan 害怕
fire ataş adır agir âtash
God Xuda Homa/Huma/
Oma, Heq
Xweda, Xudê,
Xwedê, Xwādê
Xodâ, Yazdân 神、上帝
good xub, xas, çak hewl, rınd, weş baş, rind xub, beh 好的
grass güyo vaş gîya, çêre sabzeh, giyah
house xunə keye xanî xâne 屋子
language zuhun zıwan, zon ziman zabân 語言
moon mah aşme meh mâh 月亮
mother may, dədə may, dadî dayik mâdar 母親
night şöü şew şev šab 夜晚
place cə, cigə ca cih, geh jâh, gâh 地方

註釋[编辑]

  1. ^ 塔特語于《民族语》的链接(第18版,2015年)
  2. ^ Windfuhr, Gernot. The Iranian Languages. Routledge. 2009. p. 417.
  3. ^ Constitution of the Republic of Dagestan: Chapter I, Article 11: "The state languages of the Republic of Dagestan are Russian and the languages of the peoples of Dagestan."
  4. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian (编). Muslim Tat. Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 2016. 
  5. ^ Gernot Windfuhr, "Persian Grammar: history and state of its study", Walter de Gruyter, 1979. pg 4:""Tat- Persian spoken in the East Caucasus""
  6. ^ Windfuhr, Genot. Iranian Languages. Routledge. 2013: 417. ISBN 978-1135797041. The Northwestern outpost of Persian is Caucasian Tat Persian (...) 
  7. ^ Gruenberg, Alexander. (1966). Tatskij jazyk [The Tat language]. In Vinogradov, V. V. (ed.), Jazyki narodov SSSR. Volume 1: Indoevropejskie jazyki, 281-301
  8. ^ Authier, Gilles (2012). Grammaire juhuri, ou judéo-tat, langue iranienne des Juifs du Caucase de l'est. Wiesbaden: Reichert

延伸閱讀[编辑]

  • Donald W. Stilo, “The Tati Language Group in the Sociolinguistic Context of Northwestern Iran an Transcaucasia,” Iranian Studies: Journal of the Society for Iranian Studies (IranS) 14 (1981).
  • Gernot L. Windfuhr, “Typological Notes on Pronominal Cases in Iranian Tati,” Bulletin of the Asia Institute 4 (1990).
  • Giles Authier, “New Strategies for Relative Clauses in Azeri an Apsheron Tat,” In Clause Linkage in Cross-Linguistic Perspective: Data-Drive Approaches to Cross-Clausal Syntax (Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton 2012).
  • John M. Clifton, “Colonialism, Nationalism and Language Vitality in Azerbaijan,” in Responses to Language Endangerment: In honor of Mickey Noonan. New Directions in Language Documentation and Language Revitalization, ed. Elena Mihas, Bernard Perley, Gabriel Rei-Doval, Kathleen Wheatley (Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2013): 201–205.
  • John M. Clifton, “Do the Talysh and Tat Languages Have a Future in Azerbaijan?” SIL International & University of North Dakota.
  • A.A. Saegehi, “New Words from the Old Language of Arran, Shirvan an Azerbaijan,” Iranian Journal of Linguistics 17.1 (2002) 21–40.
  • Abbas Taheri, “Tati Dialect of Takistan,” Iranian Journal of Linguistics 9.2 (1992) 25–39.

參閱[编辑]

外部連結[编辑]

template:Languages of the Caucasus英语template:Languages of the Caucasus template:Languages of Azerbaijan英语template:Languages of Azerbaijan