當初塔翁小童發現之時，Raymond Dart提出了Osteo-Dento-Keratic文化假說，認為塔翁小童是被其他人科生物殺死的。其後，later work by C.K. "Bob" Brain demonstrated that the child was probably killed by some sort of mammalian carnivore such as a leopard. Recently, however, studies of the associated baboons by Ron Clarke and Lee Berger, and identification of specific marks on the Taung Child skull have demonstrated that the Taung Child may have been killed and eaten by a large bird of prey.
- P.V. Tobias, Dart Taung and the Missing Link (Inst. for the Study of Man in Africa, 1984)
- L.R. Berger and B. Hilton-Barber, In the Footsteps of Eve (National Geographic Press, 2001)
- L.R. Berger and B. Hilton-Barber, Field Guide to the Cradle of Humankind (Struik, 2001)
- L.R. Berger Am. J.Phys. Anth. 131:166-168 (2006)