奥斯卡·迪勒万格

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奥斯卡·迪勒万格
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S73495, Oskar Dirlewanger.jpg
1944年的迪勒万格
本名 Oskar Paul Dirlewanger
昵称 Gandhi[1]
出生 1895年9月26日
德意志帝国维尔茨堡
逝世 未证实
效命  德意志帝国
 納粹德國
军种 德意志帝国陆军
秃鹰军团
Flag of the Schutzstaffel.svg 武装党卫队
军衔 党卫队上级领袖
统率 迪勒万格旅
参与战争

第一次世界大战


西班牙内战


第二次世界大战

获得勋章 骑士铁十字勋章

奥斯卡·保罗·迪勒万格(德語:Oskar Paul Dirlewanger;1895年9月26日-1945年6月7日),德国军官党卫队上级领袖)、战犯第二次世界大战期间的纳粹党卫队惩戒部队迪勒万格旅的创始人及司令官。他与战争中最臭名昭著的一些罪行关系紧密。他也参加了第一次世界大战、一战后的冲突以及西班牙内战。据说,他在二战之后,被盟军监禁时死亡,显然是被看守打死的,但因为缺少证据,也有观点称他逃脱了。

历史学家和研究员总是把迪勒万格描述为极端残忍的人。史蒂文·扎洛加说他是“一个心理病态的杀手和性骚扰儿童的人”,[2]理查德·罗兹说他是“暴力虐待狂”,[3]J·鲍耶·贝尔说他是“灭绝的专家,虐待和恋尸的爱好者”,[4]布赖恩·马克·里格说他是“施虐狂和恋尸癖”。[5]蒂莫西·斯奈德说:“在第二次世界大战的战场上,没有几个人能和迪勒万格比残酷”。[6]

获得奖项[编辑]

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Joseph Howard Tyson, The Surreal Reich, pages 434–436
  2. ^ Steven J. Zaloga (1982) The Polish Army 1939–45. Osprey. p. 25. ISBN 0-85045-417-4.
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 Richard Rhodes, Masters of Death: The SS-Einsatzgruppen and the Invention of the Holocaust
  4. ^ J. Bowyer Bell. Besieged: Seven Cities Under Siege. Routledge. 2006: 190. The other, the Dirlewanger SS Brigade, was composed of German convicts on probation and led by Oskar Dirlwanger, an expert in extermination and a devotee of sadism and necrophilia.  ISBN 1412805864.
  5. ^ Bryan Mark Rigg, Hitler's Jewish Soldiers: The Untold Story of Nazi Racial Laws and Men of Jewish Descent in the German Military, page 334 "This unit was named after SS Oberfuhrer Oskar Dirlewanger, who was a sadist and a necrophiliac."
  6. ^ 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 Timothy Snyder, Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin, page 241-242, 304
  7. ^ 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 French MacLean (1998) The Cruel Hunters: SS-Sonderkommando Dirlewanger Hitler's Most Notorious Anti-Partisan Unit. Schiffer Pub. p. 37. ISBN 0764304836.
  8. ^ Ingrao, p. 54
  9. ^ Knut Stang (2004) "Oskar Dirlewanger: Protagonist der Terrorkriegsführung" in Mallmann, Klaus-Michael (ed.) Karrieren der Gewalt: Nationalsozialistische Täterbiographien. Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft. Darmstadt. p. 77. ISBN 353416654X.
  10. ^ Longerich
  11. ^ 11.0 11.1 11.2 Die Einheit Dirlewanger – Institut für Zeitgeschichte (PDF). [10 January 2014]. 
  12. ^ 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 Joseph Howard Tyson, The Surreal Reich, pages 434–436
  13. ^ 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 Wistrich, Robert S. (2001). Who's Who of Nazi Germany: Dirlewanger, Oskar. Routledge, p. 44. ISBN 0-415-26038-8.
  14. ^ Ingrao, p. 63
  15. ^ 15.0 15.1 George H. Stein (1984). The Waffen SS. Cornell University Press, p. 266. ISBN 0-8014-9275-0.
  16. ^ Ingrao, p. 71
  17. ^ Maguire, Peter H. (2002). Law & War: An American Story. New York: Columbia University Press, p. 163. ISBN 978-0-231-12050-0.
  18. ^ 18.0 18.1 Philip W. Blood, Hitler's Bandit Hunters: The SS and the Nazi Occupation of Europe
  19. ^ Richard Grunberger (1971). The 12-Year Reich: A Social History of Nazi Germany, 1933–1945. Holt, Rinehart and Winston. p. 104. ISBN 0030764351.
  20. ^ David Crowe (2004) Oskar Schindler: The Untold Account of His Life, Wartime Activities, and the True Story Behind the List. Basic Books. p. 346. ISBN 081333375X.
  21. ^ Myths : Center for Holocaust & Genocide Studies : University of Minnesota. Chgs.umn.edu. [10 January 2014]. 
  22. ^ Richard C. Lukas (1986) Forgotten Holocaust: The Poles under German Occupation, 1939–1944. University of Kentucky Press. p. 197. ISBN 0-7818-0901-0.
  23. ^ http://www.warsawuprising.com/witness/schenk.htm
  24. ^ Longerich, pp. 345–346
  25. ^ Longerich, p. 831
  26. ^ French L. MacLean (2007) Thanks God That's Gone to the Butcher: 2000 Quotes from Hitler's 1000-year Reich. Schiffer Publishing. p. 23. ISBN 0764327860.
  27. ^ 27.0 27.1 Martin Windrow (1984) The Waffen-SS. Osprey Publishing. p. 26. ISBN 0-85045-425-5.
  28. ^ Terry Goldsworthy (2010) Valhalla's Warriors: A History of the Waffen-SS on the Eastern Front 1941–1945. Dog Ear Publishing. p. 74. ISBN 1608446395.
  29. ^ Andrew Borowiec (2001) Destroy Warsaw!: Hitler's Punishment, Stalin's Revenge. the University of Michigan. p. 101. ISBN 0275970051.
  30. ^ Gordon Williamson, Stephen Andrew (2004), The Waffen-SS: 24. to 38. Divisions, & Volunteer Legions. Osprey Publishing. p. 37. ISBN 178096577X
  31. ^ Gordon Williamson, Stephen Andrew (2004), The Waffen-SS: 24. to 38. Divisions, & Volunteer Legions. Osprey Publishing. pp. 16, 36. ISBN 178096577X.
  32. ^ Walter Laqueur, Judith Tydor Baumel. Dirlewanger, Oskar. The Holocaust Encyclopedia (Yale University Press). 2001: 150 [24 June 2012]. ISBN 0300084323. 
  33. ^ Walter Stanoski Winter, Struan Robertson. Winter Time: Memoirs of a German Sinto who Survived Auschwitz. 2004. Page 139. ISBN 1-902806-38-7.
  34. ^ 34.0 34.1 34.2 Editorial board. Dopaść rzeźnika Warszawy (Get the butcher of Warsaw). Interview with historian Janusz Roszkowski. Focus.pl Gruner & Jahr, Polska: 1 and 2. 2008 [30 June 2012]. (原始内容存档于26 April 2012) (波兰语).  已忽略未知参数|df= (帮助)
  35. ^ Rolf Michaelis. SS-Sonderkommando "Dirlewanger. Wydawnictwo "Militaria". 2005 [1 July 2012]. ISBN 8372192251 (波兰语). 
  36. ^ Michael Bar-Zohar, The Avengers, page 145
  37. ^ Kurt P. Tauber, Beyond Eagle and Swastika: German Nationalism Since 1945, Volume 2, page 1116
  38. ^ Scherzer, Veit. Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives]. Jena, Germany: Scherzers Militaer-Verlag. 2007: 274. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2 (德语). 

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