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宏觀與微觀

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羅伯特·弗拉德英语Robert Fludd(Robert Fludd)把人視為宏觀宇宙中縮影的插圖。弗拉德陳述說“人乃其自己的整體世界,所謂的微觀世界顯示了宇宙所有部分的微型模式/形態。因此頭部是與最高天/九天有關,而胸部是對應著飄渺的天空以及腹部對應基本的物質/實體。(Man is a whole world of its own, called microcosm for it displays a miniature pattern of all the parts of the universe. Thus the head is related to the Empyreal, the chest to the ethereal heaven and the belly to the elementary substance.)”[1]
“藉觀其下,吾知其上。(By looking down, I see up.)”,出自於第谷·布拉赫(Tycho Brahe)的《新天文學儀器》(Astronomiæ instauratæ Mechanica)書中一對插圖的其中之一,描繪了他對宏觀與微觀世界之間的聯繫的理解。[來源請求]
“藉觀其上,吾知其下。(By looking up, I see down.)”

宏觀與微觀(Macrocosm and microcosm,或譯為大宇宙與小宇宙)是指宇宙的視野,其中局部(微觀)能夠反映出整體(宏觀)而且反之亦然。根據學者皮爾·A·李法德英语Pierre A. Riffard(Pierre A. Riffard)所述,它是一個“在所有奧秘思想學派中出現(present in all esoteric schools of thinking)”的特徵。[2]它與赫耳墨斯主義(Hermeticism)密切相關並且基於諸如占星術煉金術,以及神聖幾何英语sacred geometry(Sacred geometry)其前提是“如其在上,如其在下(As Above, So Below)”的實踐。[3]

註釋[编辑]

  1. ^ Robert Fludd英语Robert Fludd in Utriusque Cosmic Historia, II; quoted by Pierre A. Riffard英语Pierre A. Riffard in Dictionnaire de l’ésotérisme, Paris: Payot, 1983, 34.
  2. ^ Pierre A. Riffard英语Pierre A. Riffard, Dictionnaire de l’ésotérisme, Paris: Payot, 1983, 34.
  3. ^ Antoine Faivre英语Antoine Faivre, Access to Western esotericism, State University of New York Press, 1994, 10-11.
  1. Republic, Plato, trans. By B. Jowett M.A., Vintage Books, NY. § 435, pg 151

相關條目[编辑]

參考書目[编辑]

  • Theories of Macrocosms and Microcosms in the History of Philosophy, G. P. Conger, NY, 1922, which includes a survey of critical discussions up to 1922.

外部連結[编辑]