家禽养殖

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家禽养殖是指人們饲养例如火鸡等家禽,這些家禽的以及產下的供人們食用。家禽养殖也是畜牧业的一種。家禽養殖中雞的養殖數量龐大。每年有超过600亿只鸡被宰杀並供人食用。[1][2]專門下鸡蛋的鸡被称为蛋鸡,而專門供人食用的雞被称为肉鸡[3]

世界上74%的肉雞和68%的蛋雞都是在專門的養雞場中飼養。[4]與養雞場相對的是家庭自由放养。養雞場通常在饲料或饮用水中投放国家批准的药物,例如抗生素,這樣做的目的是防止禽類疾病爆發。[5]

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Global Animal Slaughter Statistics And Charts. Faunalytics. 2018-10-10 [2019-11-05]. (原始内容存档于2022-06-02) (美国英语). 
  2. ^ Compassion in World Farming – Poultry. Ciwf.org.uk. [October 3, 2018]. (原始内容存档于2017-04-26). There are more chickens in the world than any other bird. In fact, more than 50 billion chickens are reared annually as a source of food, for both their meat and their eggs. 
  3. ^ Compassion in World Farming – Poultry. Ciwf.org.uk. [October 3, 2018]. (原始内容存档于2017-04-26). Chickens farmed for meat are called broiler chickens, whilst those farmed for eggs are called egg-laying hens. 
  4. ^ State of the World 2006 World "atch Institute, p. 26
  5. ^ Food-Animal Production Practices and Drug Use. National Center for Biotechnical Information. 1999 [February 28, 2016]. (原始内容存档于2019-12-15).