尤那尼医学

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干燥的絨蟎應用於尤那尼医药。

尤那尼医学(乌尔都语:طب یونانی‎‎,拉丁转写:tibb yūnānī[1]),亦作尤纳尼医学,是一种在莫卧儿帝国南亚穆斯林地区以及中亚广泛使用的波斯-阿拉伯传统医学。尤那尼一词意为“希腊的”[2][3],因为波斯-阿拉伯医学系统英语Medicine in the medieval Islamic world建立在古希腊医生希波克拉底盖伦的理论上[4]。尤那尼医学与阿育吠陀医学悉达医学等共同构成了印度传统医学体系。[5]

尤那尼医学的希腊之源可以从它建立在四大体液体系上可以看出:(Balgham)、血(Dam)、黄胆汁(Ṣafrā')和黑胆汁(Saudā'),不过它也受到了印度传统医学和中国传统医学的影响[6]

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ the transcription as Unani is found in 19th-century English language sources: "the Ayurvedic and Unani systems of medicine" "Madhya Pradesh District Gazetteers: Hoshangabad", Gazetteer of India 17 (1827), p. 587.
  2. ^ William Dalrymple. City of Djinns: A Year in Delhi. Flamingo. 1994: 269. ISBN 978-0-00-637595-1. 
  3. ^ Unani Tibb. Science Museum, London. [7 October 2017]. 
  4. ^ Unani Medicine in India: Its Origin and Fundamental Concepts by Hakim Syed Zillur Rahman, History of Science, Philosophy and Culture in Indian Civilization, Vol. IV Part 2 (Medicine and Life Sciences in India), Ed. B. V. Subbarayappa, Centre for Studies in Civilizations, Project of History of Indian Science, Philosophy and Culture, New Delhi, 2001, pp. 298-325
  5. ^ 陈明. “十月成胎”与“七日一变”——印度胎相学说的分类及其对我国的影响. 国学研究. 2004, 13: 167-216. 
  6. ^ The use of Chinese herbal drugs in Islamic medicine. Journal of Integrative Medicine. doi:10.1016/S2095-4964(15)60205-9.