居魯士文書

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最古老的人權宣言居魯士圓柱

居魯士文書(又譯居魯士圓柱居魯士銘筒波斯語منشور کوروش‎‎)是古代的一個泥製圓筒,現已破裂為幾件碎片,以居魯士大帝的名義由古代阿卡德語楔形文字所寫成[1],在美索不达米亚巴比倫遺跡中出土,現存於大英博物館。它寫成的年代約為公元前6世紀。

據居魯士文書所載,在波斯攻陷巴比倫後,居魯士大帝宣佈釋放所有奴隸回鄉。因此,聖經學者一般認為它是居魯士大帝在巴比倫之囚後讓猶太人重返應許之地政策的証據。居魯士圓柱亦被視為世界上最早的人權宣言[2],儘管此看法被大英博物館與部份西亞古代史學者所否定。

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參考文獻[编辑]

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