巴斯克民族主义党

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巴斯克民族主义党
Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea (Basque)
Partido Nacionalista Vasco (Spanish)
Parti Nationaliste Basque (French)
主席Andoni Ortuzar
创始人Sabino Arana
成立1895年 (1895)
总部Sabin Etxea, Ibáñez de Bilbao, 16
毕尔巴鄂
青年组织Euzko Gaztedi
意识形态巴斯克民族主義[1][2][3][4]
歐洲聯邦主義[5]
公民民族主義
區域主義[6]
基督教民主主義[4][7]
保守主义[8]
保守自由主義[9]
政治立场中間偏右[10]
欧洲组织歐洲民主黨
国际组织None, previously 民主主義者聯盟[11]
欧洲议会党团歐洲復興
官方色彩Red
Green
White
眾議院
5 / 18
參議院
6 / 15
欧洲议会
1 / 54
巴斯克議會
28 / 75
納瓦拉議會
4 / 50
Inside Geroa Bai
Juntas Generales
54 / 153
巴斯克自治區鎮議員
1,017 / 2,628
官方网站
www.eaj-pnv.eus
Spain政治
政党 · 选举

巴斯克民族主义党(巴斯克语:Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea;西班牙语:Partido Nacionalista Vasco),西班牙中間偏右政党,主张巴斯克民族主义[12]

歷史[编辑]

巴斯克民族主义党成立于1895年,是巴斯克民族主义政党团体中规模最大,历史最悠久的组织。该党是巴斯克自治区最大的政党。

選舉結果[编辑]

巴斯克[编辑]

巴斯克議會
選舉 得票 % 排名 席次 +/– 領袖 地位
1980 349,102 38.0 1st
25 / 60
Carlos Garaikoetxea 政府
1984 451,178 41.8 1st
32 / 75
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg7 Carlos Garaikoetxea 政府
1986 271,208 23.6 1st
17 / 75
Red Arrow Down.svg15 José Antonio Ardanza 政府
1990 289,701 28.3 1st
22 / 75
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg5 José Antonio Ardanza Government
1994 304,346 29.3 1st
22 / 75
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 José Antonio Ardanza Government
1998 350,322 27.6 1st
21 / 75
Red Arrow Down.svg1 Juan José Ibarretxe Government
2001 w. PNV–EA
26 / 75
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg5 Juan José Ibarretxe Government
2005 w. PNV–EA
21 / 75
Red Arrow Down.svg5 Juan José Ibarretxe Government
2009 399,600 38.1 1st
30 / 75
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg9 Juan José Ibarretxe Opposition
2012 384,766 34.2 1st
27 / 75
Red Arrow Down.svg3 Iñigo Urkullu Government
2016 398,168 37.4 1st
28 / 75
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1 Iñigo Urkullu Government

納瓦拉[编辑]

納瓦拉議會
選舉 得票 % 排名 席次 +/– 領袖 地位
1979 w. Basque Nationalists
2 / 70
Carlos Garaikoetxea Opposition
1983 18,161 6.8 5th
3 / 50
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1 Ignacio Cabases Opposition
1987 2,661 0.9 11th
0 / 50
Red Arrow Down.svg3 No seats
1991 3,071 1.1 10th
0 / 50
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 No seats
1995 2,943 1.0 8th
0 / 50
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 No seats
1999 w. EA–PNV
0 / 50
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 No seats
2003 w. EA–PNV
1 / 50
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1 Opposition
2007 w. Nafarroa Bai
1 / 50
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 Opposition
2011 w. Nafarroa Bai 2011
1 / 50
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 Opposition
2015 w. Geroa Bai
4 / 50
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg3 Government

國家[编辑]

Cortes Generales
Election Congress Senate Status
Vote % Score Seats +/– Seats +/–
1977 314,272 1.7 8th
8 / 350
6 / 207
Opposition
1979 296,597 1.6 8th
7 / 350
Red Arrow Down.svg1
8 / 208
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2 Opposition
1982 395,656 1.9 7th
8 / 350
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1
7 / 208
Red Arrow Down.svg1 Opposition
1986 309,610 1.5 6th
6 / 350
Red Arrow Down.svg2
7 / 208
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 Opposition
1989 254,681 1.2 6th
5 / 350
Red Arrow Down.svg1
4 / 208
Red Arrow Down.svg3 Opposition
1993 291,448 1.2 6th
5 / 350
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
3 / 208
Red Arrow Down.svg1 Opposition
1996 318,951 1.3 5th
5 / 350
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
4 / 208
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1 Opposition
2000 353,953 1.5 5th
7 / 350
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2
6 / 208
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2 Opposition
2004 420,980 1.6 6th
7 / 350
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
6 / 208
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 Opposition
2008 306,128 1.2 5th
6 / 350
Red Arrow Down.svg1
2 / 208
Red Arrow Down.svg4 Opposition
2011 324,317 1.3 7th
5 / 350
Red Arrow Down.svg1
4 / 208
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2 Opposition
2015 302,316 1.2 8th
6 / 350
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1
6 / 208
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2 Opposition
2016 287,014 1.2 7th
5 / 350
Red Arrow Down.svg1
5 / 208
Red Arrow Down.svg1 Opposition
2019 (Apr) 394,627 1.5 8th
6 / 350
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1
9 / 208
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg4 Opposition
2019 (Nov) 377,423 1.6 9th
6 / 350
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
9 / 208
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 TBD
Election Basque Country Navarre
Congress Senate Congress Senate
Vote % Score Seats +/– Seats +/– Vote % Score Seats +/– Seats +/–
1977 296,193 29.3 1st
8 / 21
6 / 12
w. Navarrese
Autonomist Union
0 / 5
0 / 4
1979 275,292 27.6 1st
7 / 21
Red Arrow Down.svg1
8 / 12
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2 21,305 8.4 5th
0 / 5
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
0 / 4
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
1982 379,293 31.7 1st
8 / 21
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1
7 / 12
Red Arrow Down.svg1 16,363 5.5 5th
0 / 5
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
0 / 4
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
1986 304,675 27.8 1st
6 / 21
Red Arrow Down.svg2
7 / 12
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 4,935 1.8 7th
0 / 5
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
0 / 4
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
1989 252,119 22.8 1st
5 / 21
Red Arrow Down.svg1
4 / 12
Red Arrow Down.svg3 2,562 0.9 8th
0 / 5
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
0 / 4
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
1993 287,908 24.1 2nd
5 / 19
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
3 / 12
Red Arrow Down.svg1 3,540 1.1 8th
0 / 5
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
0 / 4
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
1996 315,793 25.0 1st
5 / 19
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
4 / 12
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1 3,158 1.0 7th
0 / 5
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
0 / 4
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
2000 347,417 30.4 1st
7 / 19
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2
6 / 12
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2 6,536 2.2 6th
0 / 5
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
0 / 4
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
2004 420,980 33.7 1st
7 / 19
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
6 / 12
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 w. Nafarroa Bai
0 / 5
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
0 / 4
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
2008 306,128 27.1 2nd
6 / 18
Red Arrow Down.svg1
2 / 12
Red Arrow Down.svg4 w. Nafarroa Bai
0 / 5
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
0 / 4
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
2011 324,317 27.4 1st
5 / 18
Red Arrow Down.svg1
4 / 12
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2 w. Geroa Bai
0 / 5
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
0 / 4
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
2015 302,316 24.7 2nd
6 / 18
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1
6 / 12
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2 w. Cambio-Aldaketa
0 / 5
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
0 / 4
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
2016 287,014 24.9 2nd
5 / 18
Red Arrow Down.svg1
5 / 12
Red Arrow Down.svg1 w. Geroa Bai
0 / 5
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
0 / 4
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
2019 (Apr) 394,627 31.1 1st
6 / 18
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1
9 / 12
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg4 w. Cambio-Aldaketa
0 / 5
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
0 / 4
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
2019 (Nov) 377,423 32.1 1st
6 / 18
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
9 / 12
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 w. Cambio-Aldaketa
0 / 5
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
0 / 4
Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0

参考资料[编辑]

  1. ^ Ahedo, Igor, Political parties in the Basque autonomous community, Basque Society: Structures, Institutions, And Contemporary Life (Center for Basque Studies), 2005: 177 
  2. ^ Ramiro, Luis; Morales, Laura, European integration and Spanish parties: Elite empowerment amidst limited adaptation, The Europeanization of National Political Parties: Power and organizational adaptation (Routledge), 2007: 145 
  3. ^ Pallarés, Francesc; Keating, Michael, Multi-level electoral competition: sub-state elections and party systems in Spain, Devolution and electoral politics (Manchester University Press), 2006: 101 
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 Gibbons 1999, p. 25: «the PNV, a Basque nationalist and Christian democratic party»
  5. ^ El PNV aboga por una Europa federal sin Estados-Nación. 24 March 2013 [15 January 2018] (西班牙语). 
  6. ^ Magone, José M., Contemporary Spanish Politics Second, Routledge: 170, 2009 
  7. ^ Papini, Roberto, The Identity of the Christian Democratic Movement and Theory of Democracy, Religion, the Enlightenment, and the New Global Order (Columbia University Press), 2010: 259 
    Keating, Michael, Nationalist Movements in Comparative Perspective, The Modern SNP: From Protest to Power (Edinburgh University Press), 2009: 208 
  8. ^ Basabe Lloréns, Felipe, Spain: the emergence of a new major actor in the European arena, Fifteen Into One?: The European Union and Its Member States (Manchester University Press), 2003: 207 
    Irvin, Cynthia L., Negotiating End Games: A Comparative Analysis of the IRA and ETA, Reconcilable Differences: Turning Points in Ethnopolitical Conflict (Kumarian Press), 2000: 191 
    Newton, Michael T., Institutions of Modern Spain: A Political and Economic Guide, Cambridge University Press: 207, 1997 
  9. ^ Hans Slomp. Europe, A Political Profile: An American Companion to European Politics [2 volumes]: An American Companion to European Politics. ABC-CLIO. 26 September 2011: 519. ISBN 978-0-313-39182-8. 
  10. ^ Mateos, Araceli; Penadés, Alberto. España: crisis y recortes (pdf). Revista de ciencia política (Santiago). 2013, 33 (1): 175 [January 4, 2016]. ISSN 0718-090X (西班牙语). Convergencia i Unió (CiU) y el Partido Nacionalista Vasco (PNV-EAJ) son los partidos nacionalistas de centro-derecha en Cataluña y el País Vasco, respectivamente 
  11. ^ Nuñez, Xosé-Manoel, A State of Many Nations: The Construction of a Plural Spanish Society since 1976, The Social Construction of Diversity (Berghahn Books), 2003: 287 
    Keating, Michael; Loughlin, John; Deschouwer, Kris, Culture, Institutions, and Economic Development: A Study of Eight European Regions, Edward Elgar Publishing: 55, 2003 
  12. ^ 存档副本 (PDF). [2017-09-04]. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2016-03-04). 

參考書目[编辑]

外部連結[编辑]