- ^ Demetrios J. Constantelos, Understanding the Greek Orthodox Church, Holy Cross Orthodox Press 3rd edition (March 28, 2005)
- ^ L. Rushton, Doves and magpies: village women in the Greek Orthodox Church Women's religious experience, Croom Helm, 1983
- ^ Paul Yuzyk, The [[Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada, 1918–1951, University of Ottawa Press, 1981
- ^ Demetrios J. Constantelos, The Greek Orthodox Church: faith, history, and practice, Seabury Press, 1967
- ^ Daniel B. Wallace: Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics: An Exegetical Syntax of the New Testament, page 12,. Zondervan, 1997.
- ^ Robert H. Stein: The method and message of Jesus' teachings, page 4,. Westminster John Knox Press, 1994.
- ^ Janet Saltzman Chafetz; Helen Rose Ebaugh. Religion and the New Immigrants: Continuities and Adaptations in Immigrant Congregations. AltaMira Press. 18 October 2000: 155 [2 September 2013]. ISBN 978-0-7591-1712-9.
The distinctive characteristics of the Greek Orthodox Church are its sense of continuity with the ancient Church of Christ and the Apostles and its changelessness. The Orthodox church traces its existence, through the ordinatinon of Bishops. directly back to the Apostles and through them to Jesus.
- ^ Sally Bruyneel; Alan G. Padgett. Introducing Christianity. Orbis Books. 2003: 7 [2 September 2013]. ISBN 978-1-60833-134-5.
The Eastern Orthodox and thye Roman Catholic Churches are the oldest with roots going back to the earliest Christian groups.
- ^ Benjamin Jerome Hubbard; John T. Hatfield; James A. Santucci. An Educator's Classroom Guide to America's Religious Beliefs and Practices. Libraries Unlimited. 2007: 63 [2 September 2013]. ISBN 978-1-59158-409-4.
The Orthodox Church traces its origins to the churches founded by the apostles in the Middle East and the Balkans in the first century.
- ^ Robert L. Plummer. Journeys of Faith: Evangelicalism, Eastern Orthodoxy, Catholicism and Anglicanism. Zondervan. 6 March 2012: 128 [2 September 2013]. ISBN 978-0-310-41671-5.
Catholicism holds that if a Church claims to be Christian, then it must be able to show that its leaders-its bishops and its presbyters (or priests)- are successors of the apostles. That is why the Catholic Church accepts Eastern Orthodox ordinations and sacraments as valid, even though Eastern Orthodoxy is not in full communion with Rome.
- ^ William A. Dyrness; Veli-Matti Kärkkäinen. Global Dictionary of Theology: A Resource for the Worldwide Church. InterVarsity Press. 25 September 2009: 244 [2 September 2013]. ISBN 978-0-8308-7811-6.
This connection is apparent through the historical succession of bishops of churches in a particular geographic locale and by fidelity to the teachings of the apostles (cf. Acts 2:42) and life as it developed in the patristic tradition and was articulated by the seven ecumenical councils.
- ^ Heidi A Campbell. When Religion Meets New Media. Routledge. 22 March 2010: 13 [2 September 2013]. ISBN 978-0-203-69537-1.
There are three branches within Christianity: Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Protestant. ... The Christian church draws its lineage and roots from the time of Jesus Christ and the apostles in CE 25–30 and the birth of the Church at Pentecost in ...
- ^ 13.0 13.1 Wendy Doniger. Merriam-Webster's Encyclopedia of World Religions. Merriam-Webster. January 1999: 309 [2 September 2013]. ISBN 978-0-87779-044-0.
EASTERN ORTHODOXY, one of the major branches of CHRISTIANITY, characterized by its continuity with the apostolic church, its liturgy, and its territorial churches.
- ^ Byzantium in Encyclopedia of historians and historical writing Vol. 1, Kelly Boyd (ed.), Fitzroy Dearborn publishers, 1999 ISBN 978-1-884964-33-6
- ^ Edwin Pears, The destruction of the Greek Empire and the story of the capture of Constantinople by the Turks, Haskell House, 1968
- ^ 16.0 16.1 Millar, Fergus. A Greek Roman Empire : power and belief under Theodosius II (408–450). University of California Press. 2006: 279 pages. ISBN 0-520-24703-5.
- ^ Tanner, Norman P. The Councils of the Church, ISBN 978-0-8245-1904-9
- ^ The Byzantine legacy in the Orthodox Church by John Meyendorff – 1982
- ^ Hugh Wybrew, The Orthodox liturgy: the development of the eucharistic liturgy in the Byzantine rite – 1990
- ^ The Christian Churches of the East, Vol. II: Churches Not in Communion with Rome by Donald Attwater – 1962
- ^ J Meyendorff, Byzantine Theology: Historical Trends and Doctrinal Themes (1987)
- ^ 22.0 22.1 Joan M. Hussey, The Orthodox Church in the Byzantine Empire, 1990
- ^ 23.0 23.1 A. P. Vlasto, Entry of Slavs Christendom – 1970
- ^ Andreĭ Lazarov Pantev, Bŭlgarska istorii︠a︡ v evropeĭski kontekst – 2000