年龄偏好

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年龄偏好英语:Chronophilia)是由约翰·曼尼提出来的一个有关性偏离心理学术语,指的是一个个体的经常性性兴趣集中在某一个特定年龄段里。[1][2] 这个术语还没有被性学家们广泛采用,而是仅仅采用了其对于特定年龄段的定义。而由理查德·冯·克拉夫特-埃宾英语Richard von Krafft-Ebing提出的颇具争议的概念“年龄崇拜(age fetishism)”则被视为是该术语的前身。[3]

亚类型[编辑]

针对未成年人[编辑]

心理学上将针对未成年人的性偏好统称为“恋童”。但是在《精神疾病诊断与统计手册(第五版)》发展期间,有学者提议用“恋少儿(Pedohebephilia)”这个名词来取代“恋童”,并将“恋少儿”细分成“恋童(Pedophilia)”和“恋少年(Hebephilia)”两个子类型。恋少儿更多地是指一种性吸引力,属于心理学范畴。[4] 根据拟议的修订,由于恋少儿而导致功能失调的人将被诊断为“恋少儿症(Pedohebephilic Disorder)”。人们会因为性兴趣的不同而被区分到这种,或那种,或两种内。不过这拟议的修订并没有被通过,也没有出现在最终版的《精神疾病诊断与统计手册(第五版)》中。

针对青春期前的未成年人[编辑]

针对青春期的未成年人[编辑]

针对成年人[编辑]

  • 恋中年(Mesophilia)——该名词词根源自希腊语“mesos”(意为“中间阶段”),指的是一种针对中年人的性偏好。该名词由迈克尔·濑户英语Michael Seto在2016年提出。[15]

相关社会现象[编辑]

参考资料[编辑]

  1. ^ Money, John. Lovemaps: clinical concepts of sexual/erotic health and pathology, paraphilia, and gender transposition of childhood, adolescence, and maturity. 1986: 70, 260. ISBN 0-8290-1589-2. 
  2. ^ Money, John. Gay, Straight, and In-Between: The Sexology of Erotic Orientation. 1990: 137, 183. ISBN 0-19-505407-5. 
  3. ^ Janssen, D.F. "Chronophilia": Entries of Erotic Age Preference into Descriptive Psychopathology. Medical History. 2015, 59 (4): 575–598. ISSN 0025-7273. PMC 4595948. PMID 26352305. doi:10.1017/mdh.2015.47. 
  4. ^ DSM-5 U 03 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2011-11-13.
  5. ^ Greenberg DM, Bradford J, Curry S. Infantophilia--a new subcategory of pedophilia?: a preliminary study. Bull Am Acad Psychiatry Law. 1995, 23 (1): 63–71. PMID 7599373. .
  6. ^ World Health Organization, International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems: ICD-10 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2008-09-21. Section F65.4: Pedophilia (online access via ICD-10 site map table of contents)
  7. ^ Blanchard, R.; Kolla, N. J.; Cantor, J. M.; Klassen, P. E.; Dickey, R.; Kuban, M. E.; Blak, T. IQ, handedness, and pedophilia in adult male patients stratified by referral source. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment. 2007, 19 (3): 285–309. doi:10.1177/107906320701900307. 
  8. ^ American Psychiatric Association, Highlights of Changes from DSM-IV-TR to DSM-5 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期October 19, 2013,. Paraphilic disorders (page 18)
  9. ^ American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-IV TR (Text Revision). Arlington, VA, USA: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc. June 2000: 943. ISBN 978-0-89042-024-9. doi:10.1176/appi.books.9780890423349. 
  10. ^ The ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioral Disorders – Diagnostic criteria for research (PDF).  (715 KB) (see F65.4, pp. 166–167)
  11. ^ Fagan PJ, Wise TN, Schmidt CW, Berlin FS. Pedophilia. JAMA. November 2002, 288 (19): 2458–65. PMID 12435259. doi:10.1001/jama.288.19.2458. 
  12. ^ Blanchard, R. Blanchard, R., Lykins, A. D., Wherrett, D., Kuban, M. E., Cantor, J. M., Blak, T., Dickey, R., & Klassen, P. E. (2008). Pedophilia, hebephilia, and the DSM–V. Archives of Sexual Behavior. doi:10.1007/s10508-008-9399-9.
  13. ^ Blanchard, R.; Barbaree, H. E.; Bogaert, A. F.; Dickey, R.; Klassen, P.; Kuban, M. E.; Zucker, KJ; 等. Fraternal birth order and sexual orientation in pedophiles. Archives of Sexual Behavior. 2000, 29 (5): 463–478. PMID 10983250. doi:10.1023/A:1001943719964. 
  14. ^ Blanchard, R. & Barbaree, H. E. The strength of sexual arousal as a function of the age of the sex offender: Comparisons among pedophiles, hebephiles, and teleiophiles. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment. 2005, 17 (4): 441–456. doi:10.1177/107906320501700407. 
  15. ^ Seto,M. The Puzzle of Male Chronophilias. Archives of Sexual Behavior. 2016. doi:10.1007/s10508-016-0799-y. 
  16. ^ Kaul, A.; Duffy, S. Gerontophilia: A case report. Medicine, Science and the Law. 1991, 31: 110–114.