库巴汗国

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库巴汗国
قوُبا خانلیغی
خانات قبه
1726-1806
库巴汗国1806年地图
库巴汗国1806年地图
地位汗国(宗主国为伊朗[1]
首都
常用语言波斯语(官方)[2][3]

阿塞拜疆语(官方)[4]
塔特语

列茲金語
历史 
• 建立
1726
• 终结
1806
前身
继承
萨非王朝
俄罗斯帝国
今属于阿塞拜疆共和国

库巴汗国亞塞拜然語قوبا خانلیغی波斯語خانات قبه‎),1726年至1806年间存在于高加索地区的一个半独立汗国英语Khanates of the Caucasus,是伊朗的重要藩属国之一[5][6]。该国疆域包括今阿塞拜疆东北部和俄罗斯联邦达吉斯坦共和国南部一带,东邻里海,北邻杰尔宾特汗国英语Derbent Khanate,西邻舍基汗国英语Shaki Khanate,南邻巴库汗国希尔万汗国[7]

1726年,侯赛因·阿里汗建国,首都最初位于胡达特英语Khudat,1735年迁都至库巴法塔利汗英语Fatali Khan在位的1758年至1789年间,汗国发展达到了顶峰。法塔利汗去世后,汗国的影响力大减。1804年,俄罗斯与波斯再次爆发战争,1806年俄罗斯军队占领库巴汗国,末代库巴汗谢哈利汗阿塞拜疆语Şeyxəli xan (Quba xanı)先降后叛,1809年1月,俄罗斯正式废除库巴汗国,设立库巴省(Кубинской провинции)。1813年战争结束,俄波两国签署《古利斯坦条约》,原库巴汗国一带正式被割让给俄罗斯。

历代库巴汗[编辑]

  • 1680 – 1721 - Huseyn Ali Khan
  • 1721 - Ahmad Khan
  • 1721 – 1722 - Chulaq Surkhay Khan
  • 1722 – 1758 - Husayn Ali Khan
  • 1758 – 1789 - Fatali Khan
  • 1789 – 1791 - Ahmad Khan
  • 1791 – 1806 - Shaykh Ali Agha
  • 1806 – 1816 - Husayn Khan

参考[编辑]

  1. ^ Bournoutian, George A. The 1820 Russian Survey of the Khanate of Shirvan: A Primary Source on the Demography and Economy of an Iranian Province prior to its Annexation by Russia. Gibb Memorial Trust. 2016: xvii. ISBN 978-1909724808. Serious historians and geographers agree that after the fall of the Safavids, and especially from the mid-eighteenth century, the territory of the South Caucasus was composed of the khanates of Ganja, Kuba, Shirvan, Baku, Talesh, Sheki, Karabagh, Nakhichivan and Yerevan, all of which were under Iranian suzerainty. 
  2. ^ Swietochowski, Tadeusz. Russian Azerbaijan, 1905-1920: The Shaping of a National Identity in a Muslim Community. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2004: 12. ISBN 978-0521522458. (...) and Persian continued to be the official language of the judiciary and the local administration [even after the abolishment of the khanates]. 
  3. ^ Pavlovich, Petrushevsky Ilya. Essays on the history of feudal relations in Armenia and Azerbaijan in XVI - the beginning of XIX centuries. LSU them. Zhdanov. 1949: 7. (...) The language of official acts not only in Iran proper and its fully dependant Khanates, but also in those Caucasian khanates that were semi-independent until the time of their accession to the Russian Empire, and even for some time after, was New Persian. It played the role of the literary language of class feudal lords as well. 
  4. ^ Сумбатзаде А. С. Азербайджанцы, этногенез и формирование народа. "Элм". 1990: səh: 263—264. ISBN 5-8066-0177-3. Template:Oq
  5. ^ "...khanates of Sheki, Karabagh, and Kuba became the most powerful" Russian Azerbaijan, 1905–1920 – The Shaping of a National Identity in a Muslim Community, p. 17. Cambridge University Press
  6. ^ Bournoutian, George A. The 1820 Russian Survey of the Khanate of Shirvan: A Primary Source on the Demography and Economy of an Iranian Province prior to its Annexation by Russia. Gibb Memorial Trust. 2016: xvii. ISBN 978-1909724808. Serious historians and geographers agree that after the fall of the Safavids, and especially from the mid-eighteenth century, the territory of the South Caucasus was composed of the khanates of Ganja, Kuba, Shirvan, Baku, Talesh, Sheki, Karabagh, Nakhichevan and Yerevan, all of which were under Iranian suzerainty. 
  7. ^ Quba xanlığı. azerbaijans.com]. [12 January 2019]. (原始内容存档于12 January 2019) (阿塞拜疆语).