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心智政權

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心智政權英语:Noocracy/noʊˈɒkrəsi/, /ˈnoʊ.əkrəsi/),亦稱智主政治柏拉圖給予的定義是以智慧為主體的政權[註 1],根據佛拉迪米爾·維爾納斯基提出的說明,它是一個基於人類思想為優先的社會與政治體系。在德日进的著作裡,描述其未來的發展。

詞源[编辑]

這個詞的本身源自於希臘語智性[註 2],通常〔noos〕[註 3]是指心智[註 4]或是智力英语Intellect[註 5],而〔kratos〕[註 6]是指权威[註 7]或是權力[註 8]

發展[编辑]

嘗試實行於政治體系的首例之一,可能是毕达哥拉斯的智慧之城[註 9]毕达哥拉斯與他的追隨者,即畢氏教團的成員們[註 10],曾經共同計劃在今日的義大利建造智慧之城。在近代歷史上,佛拉迪米爾·維爾納斯基也曾經提出類似的概念,不同的是,這個概念必須使用心智圈[註 11]一詞作為代表名稱。

正如柏拉圖所定義的,心智政權被認為是可適用於未來人類的政治體系,甚至是可以取代民主體系[註 12]與其他的政權體制。

艾力·賀佛爾對此卻抱持不同的看法,因為他提出非主流的觀點,有時會被稱為碼頭工人哲學家[註 13][來源請求]。由於柏拉圖的哲學家國王[註 14]概念就像是變成教師型統治[註 15]一般,所以艾力·賀佛爾鄙視柏拉圖的思想概念,這也暗示著,對於人類行為或是生活的潮流趨勢,柏拉圖誇大了這一部分的重要性[來源請求]

學術著作[编辑]

歐洲聯盟委員會社群研究機構的出版著作《自由的藝術與科學研究:朝向生活的文化》[註 17]一書中,汉斯·约纳斯以及拉迪斯拉夫·科瓦拉區[註 18]也提出對於心智政權的幾項評論。[1]

舉目前具爭議性的議題基因改造食品或是转基因生物為例,以教科書上的科學知識對此來設立政策方針。

注釋[编辑]

  1. ^ 英语:aristocracy of the wise
  2. ^ 英语:nous
  3. ^ 希臘語νους
  4. ^ 英语:Mind
  5. ^ 英语:Intellect
  6. ^ 希臘語κράτος
  7. ^ 英语:Authority
  8. ^ 英语:Power
  9. ^ 英语:city of the wise
  10. ^ 英语:the order of mathematikoi
  11. ^ 英语:Noosphere
  12. ^ 英语:the authority of the crowd
  13. ^ 英语:longshoreman philosopher
  14. ^ 英语:philosopher-king
  15. ^ 英语:rule by schoolmasters
  16. ^ 英语:the thinking matter increases its mass in nature and geo- and biosphere grow into noosphere, the future of the humanity can be envisioned as noocracy--that is the power of the collective brain rather than separate individuals representing certain social groups or society as whole
  17. ^ 英语:Art & Scientific Research are Free: Towards a Culture of Life
  18. ^ 斯洛伐克語Ladislav Kováč
  19. ^ 英语:If Plato called his conception of governments a "sophocracy," then a political system characterized by social experimentation with a scientific institutionalized base could be called a "noocracy." Noocracy would not be the reign of the philosopher-king as seen in Plato. But nor would it be governed by science or the scientists. Power, a power acquired and maintained according to the laws of competition, would remain in the hands of the political elites but with these elites being professionally trained, making the most of the analysis, the forecasts and the propositions emanating from a vast array of advisory groups made up of experts from all areas of science, and setting up fieldwork experiments.
  20. ^ 英语:Within a noocracy in its own right, GMO would be tested in one or several areas or nations and scientifically monitored by all, under the aegis of a main administration body. With, at the end of the day, the costs and profits equitably shared by all. The principle of precaution, highly controversial at the present time, would then be applied, without slowing-down nor impeding the implementation of scientific inventions.

參考資料[编辑]

  1. ^ Art & Scientific Research Are Free, European Commission, European Commission Community research, Semar Publishers Srl, 2005, ISBN 8877781025, ISBN 9788877781024

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