^John Money. Gay, Straight, and In-Between: The Sexology of Erotic Orientation. Oxford University Press. 1988. This restrictive, heterophilic presentation of the normophilic ideal required that both autophila (masturbation) and homophilia be classified as paraphila. It is only within the era of very recent history that both have been declassified. Nonetheless, there are many archconservative who still vigorously resent the new status of both masturbation and homosexuality as normophilic.
^Planned Parenthood Federation of America. Masturbation: From myth to sexual health. Contemporary Sexuality (Mount Vernon, IA: American Association of Sex Educators, Counselors, and Therapists). 2003-03, 37 (3): v. ISSN 1094-5725. OCLC 37229308. Finally, the American medical community pronounced masturbation as normal in 1972 American Medical Association publication, Human Sexuality (Rowan, 2000).