意大利兄弟党

维基百科,自由的百科全书
(重定向自意大利兄弟
跳到导航 跳到搜索
意大利兄弟党
Brothers of Italy

Fratelli d'Italia
簡稱FdI
主席乔治亚·梅洛尼
成立2012年12月17日 (2012-12-17)
分裂自自由人民党
总部Via della Scrofa 39, 罗马
党报Gazzetta Tricolore
(2012–2015)
La Voce del Patriota
(since 2018)
青年组织National Youth
学生组织Student Action
University Action
党员
(2021)
130,000[1]
意識形態民族保守主义[2][3][4]
社会保守主义[5]
意大利民族主义[6][5]
右翼民粹主义[7][8]
新法西斯主义[9][10]
欧洲怀疑主义[11][12][13]
反动主义[14][15]
反共主义[16]
反移民[10][11]
政治立場右翼[17]极右翼[18]
意大利政治
政党 · 选举

意大利兄弟党義大利語Fratelli d'Italia,缩写为FdI)是意大利的一个极右翼民族保守主义政党。该党成立于2012年12月17日,分裂自自由人民党。该党的主席是喬治亞·梅洛尼。该党的总部位于罗马。该党的青年翼是民族青年。该党出版报纸《爱国者之声》。该党是中右联盟欧洲保守派和改革主义者党的成员[19]

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Sondaggi a picco? Adesso per la Lega anche i tesserati sono al palo. Invece Fratelli d'Italia cresce e rischia di mangiarsi Salvini a breve. La Notizia. 2021-04-06 [2022-08-15]. (原始内容存档于2021-05-24) (意大利语). 
  2. ^ Fereri, Alba. Armchair Quarterback or Most Valuable Player? The Italian Parliament: Debating Economic Planningwith a Crisis in the Offing (2006–2014). Papakostas, Nikolaos; Pasamitros, Nikolaos (编). EU: Beyond the Crisis: A Debate on Sustainable Integrationism. Columbia University Press. 2016: 32 [2021-11-05]. ISBN 978-3-838-26848-4 –通过Google Books. 
  3. ^ Taube, Friedel. Women increasingly drawn to right-wing populist parties, study shows. Deutsche Welle. 2018-08-30 [2020-05-22]. (原始内容存档于2021-09-07). Co-founder and leader of the national conservative Brothers of Italy party, Giorgia Meloni has a long history in far-right politics. 
  4. ^ Papakostas & Pasamitros 2016,第32頁.
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 Italy | Center for Strategic and International Studies. www.csis.org. [2022-09-26]. (原始内容存档于2020-07-26) (英语). 
  6. ^ Parties and Elections in Europe. www.parties-and-elections.eu. [2022-09-26]. (原始内容存档于2018-10-23). 
  7. ^ Berlusconi im Wahlkampf. ZDF. 2018-02-01 [2022-08-15]. (原始内容存档于2019-04-03) (德语). 
  8. ^ Zulianello, Mattia. Varieties of Populist Parties and Party Systems in Europe: From State-of-the-Art to the Application of a Novel Classification Scheme to 66 Parties in 33 Countries. Government and Opposition. April 2020, 55 (2): 327–347 [2021-02-26]. S2CID 200013354. doi:10.1017/gov.2019.21. (原始内容存档于2019-11-01). 
  9. ^ EXPLAINED: Is Brothers of Italy a ‘far right’ party?. The Local Italy. 2022-09-25 [2022-09-26]. (原始内容存档于2022-10-13) (美国英语). 
    Brothers of Italy, the far-right party on the cusp of power. France 24. 2022-07-24 [2022-09-26]. (原始内容存档于2022-07-24) (英语). 
    Matteo Salvini, Giorgia Meloni, and ‘Post-fascism’ as political logic | The Political Studies Association (PSA). Matteo Salvini, Giorgia Meloni, and ‘Post-fascism’ as political logic | The Political Studies Association (PSA). [2022-09-26]. (原始内容存档于2022-10-07) (英语). 
    Italy is on its way to being run by ‘post-fascists’. [2022-09-26]. (原始内容存档于2022-09-23) (英语). 
    Ben-Ghiat, Ruth. The Return of Fascism in Italy. The Atlantic. 2022-09-23 [2022-09-26]. (原始内容存档于2022-09-23) (英语). 
    Abadi, Cameron. Is Italy Seeing the Rise of a New Fascism?. Foreign Policy. [2022-09-26]. (原始内容存档于2022-10-04) (美国英语). 
  10. ^ 10.0 10.1 意大利候任总理梅洛尼何许人也?. 德国之声. [2022-10-21]. (原始内容存档于2022-10-07) (中文). 
  11. ^ 11.0 11.1 Italy | Center for Strategic and International Studies. www.csis.org. [2022-09-26]. (原始内容存档于2020-07-26) (英语). 
  12. ^ Bailo, Francesco. Online Communities and Crowds in the Rise of the Five Star Movement e-book. Cham, Switzerland. 2020: 102 [2022-08-15]. ISBN 978-3-030-45508-8. OCLC 1194944908. S2CID 226694989. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-45508-8 –通过Google Books. 
  13. ^ Berti, Carlo; Cossarini, Paolo; Ruzza, Carlo. The Impact of Populism on European Institutions and Civil Society: Discourses, Practices, and Policies. Springer Nature. 2021: 71 [2022-08-15]. ISBN 978-3-0307-3411-4 –通过Google Books. 
  14. ^ Galli della Loggia e la fantasiosa tesi di Giorgia Meloni leader di una destra moderna. www.linkiesta.it. [2022-09-26]. (原始内容存档于2021-04-14) (意大利语). 
  15. ^ Chiamiamoli per nome, la vera natura reazionaria del manifesto sovranista. www.editorialedomani.it. [2022-09-26]. (原始内容存档于2022-09-28) (意大利语). 
  16. ^ Ferrari, Franco. Meloni: fascista con piel de conservadora. ctxt.es | Contexto y Acción. [2022-09-26]. (原始内容存档于2022-10-01) (西班牙语). 
  17. ^
    • Politics has not stalled Italy network deal talks-TIM CEO. Reuters. 2022-08-04 [2022-09-01]. (原始内容存档于2022-09-29). The right-wing Brothers of Italy party, leading in polls ahead of next month's election, has criticised CDP's plans and wants talks to be suspended until a new government is in place. 
    • Kington, Tom. Hurdles ahead for Giorgia Meloni, the rightwinger who would rule Italy. The Times (Rome). 2022-07-25 [2022-09-01]. (原始内容存档于2022-09-26). The leader of the right-wing Brothers of Italy could be brought low by the same people who did for Berlusconi: the hostile magistracy. That is if you believe one of her key aides, reports Tom Kington 
    • Winfield, Nicole. Italy's Draghi Resigns After Government Implodes. HuffPost (Associated Press). 2022-07-21 [2022-09-01]. (原始内容存档于2022-09-29). Opinion polls have indicated neck-to-neck percentages for the center-left Democratic Party and the right-wing Brothers of Italy party, which had remained in the opposition to Draghi’s coalition. 
  18. ^ Benveniste,Campani & Lazaridis 2016,第36頁;Kuhar & Paternotte 2017Russell 2019.
  19. ^ Alba Ferreri. Armchair Quarterback or Most Valuable Player? The Italian Parliament: Debating Economic Planningwith a Crisis in the Offing (2006–2014). Nikolaos Papakostas; Nikolaos Pasamitros (编). EU: Beyond the Crisis: A Debate on Sustainable Integrationism. Columbia University Press. 2016: 32 [2020-11-24]. ISBN 978-3-8382-6848-4. (原始内容存档于2022-04-23).