拉丁学校

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荷蘭豪達一所前拉丁學校大門上的銘文

拉丁學校是14世紀至19世紀流行於歐洲的一種語法學校,其教學重點在學習拉丁文的語法及其運用(這是三藝博雅教育的基礎)。它並非僅招收貴族子弟,很多中產階級家庭也會把拉丁學校作為晉升之階,這在他們尋求教會的工作時尤其重要[1]。後來由於本國語言地位的提升,拉丁學校漸漸消失。[2]

拉丁學校的教材主要是古典和部分中世紀作者的作品(大多為寓言和詩歌)。學生們要學會“Ars Dictaminis”的原則,即如何寫作正式的信件[3]

參考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ Wiesner-Hanks, p122.
  2. ^ Burke, p84.
  3. ^ Grendler, p114.
  • Black, Robert. Humanism and Education in Medieval and Renaissance Italy: Tradition and Innovation in Latin Schools from the Twelfth to the Fifteenth Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
  • Burke, Peter. The historical anthropology of early modern Italy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.
  • Ferguson, Wallace K. The Renaissance in Historical Thought: Five Centuries of Interpretation. Cambridge: Houghton Mifflin, 1948.
  • Goldgar, Anne, and Robert I. Frost. Institutional Culture in Early Modern Society. Boston: BRILL, 2004.
  • Grendler, Paul F. Schooling in Renaissance Italy Literacy and Learning, 1300-1600. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989.
  • Orme, Nicholas. Medieval Schools: From Roman Britain to Renaissance England. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2006.
  • Piltz, Anders. The World of Medieval Learning. trans. David Jones. New Jersey: Barnes & Noble Books, 1978.
  • Wiesner-Hanks, Merry E. Early Modern Europe, 1450-1789. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006.
  • Woodward, William Harrison. Studies in Education during the Age of the Renaissance 1400-1600. New York: Russell and Russell⋅Inc, 1965.

擴展閱讀[编辑]

  • Courtenay, William J. 1987. Schools and scholars in fourteenth-century England. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Hunt, Tony. 1991. Teaching and learning Latin in thirteenth-century England. Woodbridge: D.S. Brewer.
  • Martin, John Jeffries. 2007. The Renaissance World. Abingdon: Routledge.
  • Mehl, James V. 1993. Hermannus Buschius' Dictata utilissima: a textbook of commonplaces for the Latin school. Humanistica Lovaniensia 42: 102-125.
  • Nellen, Henk J. M. 2005. Short but not sweet: the career of Gisbertus Longolius (1507–1543), headmaster of the Latin school in Deventer and professor at the University of Cologne. Lias 32: 3-22
  • Verweij, Michiel. 2004. Comic elements in 16th-century Latin school drama in the low countries. Humanistica Lovaniensia 53: 175-190.
  • WItt, Ronald. 1982. Medieval "ars dictaminis" and the beginnings of humanism: a new construction of the problem. Renaissance Quarterly 35: 1-35.
  • Proctor, Robert E. 1990. The studia humanitatis: contemporary scholarship and renaissance ideals. Renaissance Quarterly 43: 813-818.

外部連接[编辑]