摩托車的安全問題

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US Navy motorcycle training at Imperial Beach.
Some riders take an alternative approach to safety policy.

摩托車的安全問題主要在於在摩托車本身及其配件的設計等各方面,以及其操控技巧及訓練的各種問題。 與一般轎車比較,摩托車缺乏車廂的保護,安全性較低,因此常被戲稱為「肉包鐵」或「皮包鐵」。相對地,轎車則被稱為「鐵包肉」或「鐵包皮」[1]。這不單單是猜測,而是在美國在實際統計數字支持,摩托車的意外率比一般汽車為高。

意外率[编辑]

A CalTrans sign on the 91 eastbound in Anaheim, cautioning drivers to be on the lookout for bikers who may be in their blind spots

根據美國國家高速公路交通安全管理局(NHTSA)在2006年的統計數字,每10萬輛汽車裡,有13.10輛最終會涉及致命的碰撞;但對於摩托車,同等的統計數值卻是72.34輛[2]。另一方面,若比較平均行車里數的致命意外比率,摩托車的數值也同樣比私家車遠遠為高,是私家車的35倍[2]

英國,根據其運輪部於2004年的統計數字,若按每億行車里數的嚴重意外比率的數字比較,摩托車的意外率是私家車的16倍,單車的兩倍[3]

中國,單單是廣東省,省內交通意外就有七成與摩托車相關[4]

參看[编辑]

參考資料[编辑]

  1. ^ 人民网. “醉驾入刑”一周年:酒驾后逃逸、顶包现象频现. 中国新闻网. 
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 NHTSA’s National Center for Statistics and Analysis, NHTSA: Motorcycles Traffic Safety Fact Sheet (DOT-HS-810-990), 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 2007 [2011-04-18] (英文) 
  3. ^ Clarke, David D.; Ward, Pat; Bartle, Craig; Truman, Wendy. In-Depth Study of Motorcycle Accidents (Adobe PDF). Department for Transport, UK. November 2004. 
  4. ^ ?. 2013-05-15 [2013-07-16] (中文(简体)‎). 

延伸閱讀[编辑]

  • Bayly, M., Regan, M., & Hosking, S. (2006). Intelligent transport systems and motorcycle safety. [Report No. 260]. Melbourne, Australia: Monash University, Accident Research Centre.
  • Berg, F. A., & Rucker, P. (2002). Airbag prototype for a mid-sized touring motorcycle. International Research Council on Biomechanics of Injury Conference. Stuttgart, Germany: DEKRA Automobil.
  • Blanchard, H. T., & Tabloski, P. A. (2006). Motorcycle safety: Educating riders at the teachable moment. Journal of Emergency Nursing, 32(4), 330-332.
  • Broughton, P.S. and Walker, L. (2009), Motorcycling and Leisure: Understanding the Recreational PTW Rider: Ashgate Publishing: Aldershot.
  • Elliott, M. A., Baughan, C. J., Broughton, J., Chinn, B., Grayson, G. B., Knowles, J., et al. (2003). Motorcycle safety: A scoping study. [Report No. TRL581]. Transport Research Laboratory.
  • Huang, B., & Preston, J. (2004). A literature review on motorcycle collisions: Final report. Oxford University, Transport Studies Unit.
  • Pierce, A. (2002). The personal airbag. Tech Directions, 61(7), 10.
  • Fatal Single Vehicle Motorcycle Crashes, report by the US National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. 2001-10. 
  • Casualty rates: by road user type and severity: 1994 to 2004 (PDF). Department of Transport, UK. 
  • In-Depth Study of Motorcycle Accidents. Department of Transport, UK. 2004-11. 

外部連結[编辑]