^Kelley, Ken; Preacher, Kristopher J. On Effect Size. Psychological Methods. 2012, 17 (2): 137–152. doi:10.1037/a0028086.
^Wilkinson, Leland; APA Task Force on Statistical Inference. Statistical methods in psychology journals: Guidelines and explanations. American Psychologist. 1999, 54 (8): 594–604. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.54.8.594.引文使用过时参数coauthors (帮助)
^Nakagawa, Shinichi; Cuthill, Innes C. Effect size, confidence interval and statistical significance: a practical guide for biologists. Biological Reviews Cambridge Philosophical Society. 2007, 82 (4): 591–605. PMID 17944619. doi:10.1111/j.1469-185X.2007.00027.x.
^Ellis, Paul D. The Essential Guide to Effect Sizes: An Introduction to Statistical Power, Meta-Analysis and the Interpretation of Research Results. United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. 2010.
^Charach A, Dashti B, Carson P, et al. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Effectiveness of treatment in at-risk preschoolers; long-term effectiveness in all ages; and variability in prevalence, diagnosis, and treatment. AHRQ Publication No. 12-EHC003, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 2011.
Aaron, B., Kromrey, J. D., & Ferron, J. M. (1998, November). Equating r-based and d-based effect-size indices: Problems with a commonly recommended formula. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Florida Educational Research Association, Orlando, FL. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED433353)
Bonett, D. G. Confidence intervals for standardized linear contrasts of means. Psychological Methods. 2008, 13: 99–109. doi:10.1037/1082-989x.13.2.99.
Bonett, D. G. Estimating standardized linear contrasts of means with desired precision. Psychological Methods. 2009, 14: 1–5. doi:10.1037/a0014270.
Cumming, G.; Finch, S. A primer on the understanding, use, and calculation of confidence intervals that are based on central and noncentral distributions. Educational and Psychological Measurement. 2001, 61: 530–572.