新進腹足類

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新進腹足類
Caenogastropoda
多個新進腹足類物种
多個新進腹足類物种
科學分類
界: 动物界 Animalia
門: 软体动物门 Mollusca
綱: 腹足纲 Gastropoda
(未分级) 新進腹足類 Caenogastropoda
Cox, 1960[1]

見內文

新进腹足类(学名:Caenogastropodacaeno-,意思就是「新近」)是腹足纲之下的一個生物分类学演化支。舊作新生腹足總目,是最早由Cox於1960年提出,其中包含了很大数量海生腹足纲的种群,也包括少量在淡水及陸地生活的物種。新进腹足类由原来的中腹足目(Mesogastropoda)和新腹足目(Neogastropoda)组成,包含了腹足纲約60%的物種[2]

生物学[编辑]

新进腹足类的外形表现身体扭曲成螺旋状,所以先前曾被归为扭神经亚纲(Streptoneura)和前鳃亚纲(Prosobranchia)。其特征包括,一个心耳和一对心叶,一个栉鳃。被更早的学者称为单心耳目(Monotocardia或Pectinobranchia)。

分類[编辑]

類最早由Leslie Reginald Cox於1960年提出,當時是一個總目[3],現時被作為一個不排序的支序去處理。本類是從原来约翰尼斯·提艾利(Johannes Thiele)在1925年發表的分類方案裡的中腹足目(Mesogastropoda)和新腹足目(Neogastropoda)合併组成[4],等同於Mörch在1865年發表的單心耳目

Based on optimal phylogenetic analysis, it is deemed monophyletic.[5] This Caenogastropoda combines the older taxa Mesogastropoda and Stenoglossa from the classification by Johannes Thiele[4] and is equivalent to the revised Monotocardia as defined by Mörch in 1865.

根据齿舌的解剖学特征可以被分成两类:

  • 带舌目Taenioglossa(taenio意思为带状),即旧称的中腹足目Mesogastropoda,每行具有7个齿。
  • 狭舌目Stenoglossa(stena意思为狭窄),即旧称新腹足目Neogastropoda,每行具有1-3个齿。

1997 taxonomy[编辑]

Ponder & Lindberg, 1997 and others since (e.g. Vega et al., 2006;[6] Harzhauser, 2004;[7] and Pina, 2002.[8]) show Caenogastropoda as a superorder, following the sense of Cox, 1960. More recently Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005 revised Caenogastropoda as a clade.

2005 taxonomy[编辑]

The following classification was laid out in the taxonomy of Bouchet & Rocroi (2005):[4]

2006年分類[编辑]

Colgan et al. (2006)[9]為新進腹足類的支序分類學[1]提供長遠的研究方向。

Latest views by the World Register of Marine Species[编辑]

Sorbeoconcha should be considered an alternate representation of Caenogastropoda.

Sorbeoconcha should include [Cerithioidea + Campaniloidea + all Hypsogastropoda (i.e. the remaining Caenogastropoda)], see definition in Ponder & Lindberg, 1997: 225, not only [Cerithioidea + Campaniloidea] as suggested by the indent pattern in Bouchet & Rocroi. Neotaenioglossa Haller, 1892 suggested in Ruud Bank’s draft for Fauna Europaea is not retained because it would need severe emendation to remove Pyramidellids, Cerithioids, etc.. included in its original definition, and therefore would be too far from Haller's concept if it were to fit the concept of Sorbeoconcha. Although cladistically sound, the taxon Sorbeoconcha is skipped in the classification scheme because (1) ten years after its publication, the name still sounds unfamiliar to most and (2) it is not very helpful in the classification because it includes the bulk of Caenogastropoda (only keeping out small stem groups Abyssochrysidae, Provannidae, and the architaenioglossate taxa). This is not final, opinions are welcome.[10]

1997年分類[编辑]

旁得和林德伯格的腹足類分類 (1997年)及其他研究(例如: Vega et al., 2006;[11] Harzhauser, 2004;[12]及 Pina, 2002.[13]) 均認同Cox(1960)的分類[3],認為新進腹足類是一個總目。

布歇特和洛克羅伊的腹足類分類 (2005年)把本分類修正為一個支序。

2005年分類[编辑]

在2005年出版的布歇特和洛克羅伊的腹足類分類,本類物種大致分為以下四大分支[4]

WoRMS的最新觀點[编辑]

根據現時WoRMS的最新觀點,他們認為新進腹足類應該被視為吸螺目(Sorbeoconcha)的另類表達方式。因為若依從Ponder & Lindberg (1997: 225)的分類定義,包括的物種會比Bouchet & Rocroi (2005)建議的[Cerithioidea + Campaniloidea]還要多[4]。而這一個「吸螺目」應該包括以下各科:

不過,Ruud Bank在其著作《Fauna Europaea》(歐洲動物)建議包括的新扭舌類Neotaenioglossa Haller, 1892)並未有包括在內,因為這個改動需要移走塔螺類(Pyramidellids)及蟹守螺類物種。

Although cladistically sound, the taxon Sorbeoconcha is skipped in the classification scheme because

  1. ten years after its publication, the name still sounds unfamiliar to most and
  2. it is not very helpful in the classification because it includes the bulk of Caenogastropoda (only keeping out small stem groups Abyssochrysidae, Provannidae, and the architaenioglossate taxa).[15]

現時WoRMS對新進腹足類物種的劃分如下[16]

狹舌目(Stenoglossa)被併入新腹足目之中。

参考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 Cox L. R. (1960). In: Moore R. C. (ed.) Treatise on invertebrate paleontology. Part I., Mollusca 1, Gastropoda. The Geological Society of America, University of Kansas Press, Lawrence. xxiii + 351 pp., page 311.
  2. ^ Hayes, Kenneth A.; Cowie, Robert H.; Thiengo, Silvana C. A global phylogeny of apple snails: Gondwanan origin, generic relationships, and the influence of outgroup choice (Caenogastropoda: Ampullariidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 2009, 98: 61–76. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8312.2009.01246.x. .
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 Template:Fossilworks
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Frýda J., Hausdorf B., Ponder W., Valdés Á. & Warén A. Bouchet P. & Rocroi J.-P., 编. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia: International Journal of Malacology (Hackenheim, Germany / Ann Arbor, USA: ConchBooks). 2005, 47 (1-2): 397 pp. ISBN 3-925919-72-4. ISSN 0076-2997. 
  5. ^ Aktipis, Stephanie W.; Giribet, Gonzalo. A phylogeny of Vetigastropoda and other "archaeogastropods": Re-organizing old gastropod clades. Invertebrate Biology. 2010, 129 (3): 220–240. doi:10.1111/j.1744-7410.2010.00198.x. 
  6. ^ F. J. Vega et al. 2006. El Espinal, a new plattenkalk facies locality from the Lower Cretaceous Sierra Madre Formation, Chiapas, southeastern Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas 23(3):323-333
  7. ^ Harzhauser M. (2004). "Oligocene gastropod faunas for the Eastern Mediterranean (Mesohellenic Trough/Greece and Esfahan-Sirjan Basin/Central Iran)". Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 248: 93-181.
  8. ^ A.Pina -Caenogastropoda
  9. ^ Colgan, D.J.; Ponder, W.F.; Beacham, E.; Macaranas, J. Molecular phylogenetics of Caenogastropoda (Gastropoda: Mollusca) (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 2007, 42 (3): 717–737. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2006.10.009. PMID 17127080 (英语). 
  10. ^ Gofas, S. (2013). Sorbeoconcha. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species on 2013-06-28
  11. ^ F. J. Vega et al. 2006. El Espinal, a new plattenkalk facies locality from the Lower Cretaceous Sierra Madre Formation, Chiapas, southeastern Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas 23(3):323-333
  12. ^ Harzhauser M. (2004). "Oligocene gastropod faunas for the Eastern Mediterranean (Mesohellenic Trough/Greece and Esfahan-Sirjan Basin/Central Iran)". Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 248: 93-181.
  13. ^ A.Pina -Caenogastropoda
  14. ^ 甘武. 江西及其周边地区肋蜷科(Pleuroceridae)分类及生物学研究. 南昌大學硕士學位论文 (中文(简体)‎). 
  15. ^ [[{{{authorlink}}}|Gofas, S.]] Sorbeoconcha. World Register of Marine Species. 2013 [2013-06-28].  请检查|author-link1=值 (帮助)
  16. ^ [[{{{authorlink}}}|Gofas, S.]] Caenogastropoda. World Register of Marine Species. 2009 [2013-08-20].  请检查|author-link1=值 (帮助)
引用错误:在<references>标签中name属性为“Ponder2008”的参考文献没有在文中使用

外部链接[编辑]

 维基物种中有关新進腹足類的分类信息