星雲目錄

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星雲目錄(CN,Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars)是威廉·赫歇爾在他的妹妹卡洛琳協助下編撰而成的星雲目錄,在1786年首度出版。後來,由他的兒子約翰·赫歇爾的擴充成GC星表(星雲和星團總表,General Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters and Clusters of Stars)。CN和GC是J. L. E. Dreyer所編輯,目前仍被天文學家廣泛使用的星雲和星團新總表(NGC)的前身[1]

歷史[编辑]

星雲目錄於1786年由威廉·赫歇爾首度在自然科學會報發表[2]。在1789年,他增入了1,000個天體[3],在1802年再加入500個天體[4],使天體總數達到2,500個。

在1864年,CN由他的兒子約翰·赫歇爾擴充成GC星表[5]。GC星表包含5,079天體。稍後,更完整刊登出來的諡作,稱為General Catalogue of 10,300 Multiple and Double Stars,包含10,300個多星和雙星天體[來源請求]

在1878年,John Louis Emil Dreyer出版了增補的General Catalogue.[6]。在1886年,他建議建立GC的第二個增補版,但英國皇家天文學會要求Dreyer編輯一個新的版本,這導致1888年NGC天體表的出版[7],之後在1895年兩次擴充的IC星表[8] and 1908.[9]

相關條目[编辑]

參考資料[编辑]

  1. ^ Hellemans, Alexander; Bryan Bunch (1988). The Timetables of Science. New York, New York: Simon and Schuster. pp. 236. ISBN 0671621300.
  2. ^ Herschel, W. Catalogue of One Thousand new Nebulae and Clusters of Stars. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. 1786, 76: 457–499. Bibcode:1786RSPT...76..457H. doi:10.1098/rstl.1786.0027. 
  3. ^ Herschel, W. Catalogue of a second Thousand of new Nebulae and Clusters of Stars; with a few introductory Remarks on the Construction of the Heavens. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. 1789, 79: 212–255. Bibcode:1789RSPT...79..212H. doi:10.1098/rstl.1789.0021. 
  4. ^ Herschel, W. Catalogue of 500 new Nebulae, nebulous Stars, planetary Nebulae, and Clusters of Stars; with Remarks on the Construction of the Heavens. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. 1802, 92: 477–528. Bibcode:1802RSPT...92..477H. doi:10.1098/rstl.1802.0021. 
  5. ^ Herschel, J. F. W. Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. 1864, 154: 1–137. Bibcode:1864RSPT..154....1H. doi:10.1098/rstl.1864.0001. 
  6. ^ Dreyer, J. L. E. A Supplement to Sir John Herschel's "General Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars" (PDF). Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy. 1878, 26: 391–426. Bibcode:1878RIATr..26..381D. JSTOR 30079091. 
  7. ^ Dreyer, J. L. E. A New General Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars, being the Catalogue of the late Sir John F.W. Herschel, Bart., revised, corrected, and enlarged (PDF). Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society. 1888, 49: 1–237. Bibcode:1888MmRAS..49....1D. 
  8. ^ Dreyer, J. L. E. Index Catalogue of Nebulae found in the years 1888 to 1894, with Notes and Corrections to the New General Catalogue. Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society. 1895, 51: 185–228. Bibcode:1895MmRAS..51..185D. 
  9. ^ Dreyer, J. L. E. Second Index Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars; containing objects found in the years 1895 to 1907, with Notes and Corrections to the New General Catalogue and to the Index Catalogue for 1888–94 (PDF). Memoirs of the Royal Astronomical Society. 1908, 59: 105–198. Bibcode:1908MmRAS..59..105D. 

外部連結[编辑]