林冠

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森林的林冠

生物學中,林冠是指植物羣落農作物裡的離地部分,特別是樹林中各棵樹的樹冠[1][2][3]。包括樹冠所有的叶片、枝条、小枝及附生植物[4]

有時該術語林冠是用來指個別樹或一組的樹木的葉子的外層的範圍。通常一棵樹有茂密的樹冠,会阻止阳光照到在低处生長的植物。

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參考[编辑]

  1. ^ Campbell, G.S., and J.M. Norman. 1990. The description and measurement of plant canopy structure. pp. 1-19 In: Russell, G., B. Marshall, and P.G. Jarvis (editors). Plant Canopies: Their Growth, Form and Function. Cambridge University Press.
  2. ^ Moffett, M.W. 2000. What's up? A critical look at the basic terms of canopy biology. Biotropica 32:569-596.
  3. ^ Hay, R., and R. Porter. 2006 Physiology of Crop Yield (Second edition). Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 1405108592, ISBN 978-1405108591
  4. ^ Nadkarni; Nalini M. Parker, Geoffrey G. Ford, E. David Cushing, Judy B. Stallman, Cara. The International Canopy Network: A pathway for interdisciplinary exchange of scientific information on forest canopies (PDF). Northwest Science. 1996, (70): 104–108 [2016-05-12]. 

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