查克瑪人

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查克瑪人
Rega, a Chakma woman.jpg
一名查克瑪族女人
總人口
743,110人(2011年)[1][2][3]
分佈地區
 孟加拉国[4] 印度[5] 緬甸
語言
查克瑪語英语Chakma language孟加拉語、英語
宗教信仰
上座部佛教

查克瑪人南亞的一個民族,為朱瑪人的一支,分布於印度東北部孟加拉國吉大港山區緬甸西部等地區,人口約100萬,分46個氏族(Gozas),主要分布於吉大港山區,米佐拉姆邦阿魯納恰爾邦特里普拉邦缅甸若開邦。與克拉底人關係密切,他們是南亞僅存的上座部佛教民族,其首領為查克瑪王公英语Chakma Raja

查克瑪人的語言查克瑪語英语Chakma language受到吉大港語影響,屬於印度-雅利安語支,與阿薩姆語接近。

參考資料[编辑]

  1. ^ Chakma (people). Encyclopædia Britannica. The majority of Chakmas—numbering about 300,000—remained there [in the Chittagong Hills] into the 21st century.  If about 300,000 was a majority, then the total population was no more than about 600,000 as of 2001.
  2. ^ Bhuiyan, Muhammad Masudur Rahman. Noakhali Sadar Upazila. (编) Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh Second. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 2012. The tribal population [of Bangladesh] in 2001 was 1.4 million, which was about 1.13% of the total population. The figure was 1.2 million in 1991, of which chakma population was 252,258  If the Chakma population grew at the same rate as the tribal population overall, their 2001 population in Bangladesh would have been about 288,300.
  3. ^ Statistical Profile of Scheduled Tribes in India 2013 (PDF). Ministry of Tribal Affairs. Government of India. Mizoram: 19,554 ... Tripura: 18,014 ... Meghalaya: 44 ... Assam: 430 ... West Bengal: 211  Total population in India: 38,253.
  4. ^ A-E. Cataloging Distribution Service, Library of Congress. 1990: 709–. 
  5. ^ Library of Congress Subject Headings. Library of Congress. 1992: 769–.