|60,000 100,000 212,000, artillery and janissary musketeer||55,000 12,000 40,000 80,000|
- Keegan & Wheatcroft, Who's Who in Military History, Routledge, 1996. p. 268 "In 1515 Selim marched east with some 60,000 men; a proportion of these were skilled Janissaries, certainly the best infantry in Asia, and the sipahis, equally well-trained and disciplined cavalry. [...] The Azerbaijanian army, under Shah Ismail, was almost entirely composed of Turcoman tribal levies, a courageous but ill-disciplined cavalry army. Slightly inferior in numbers to the Turks, their charges broke against the Janissaries, who had taken up fixed positions behind rudimentary field works."
- Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire, Gábor Ágoston,Bruce Alan Masters, page 286, 2009
- Ghulam Sarwar, "History of Shah Isma'il Safawi", AMS, New York, 1975, p. 79
- Roger M. Savory, Iran under the Safavids, Cambridge, 1980, p. 41
- Keegan & Wheatcroft, Who's Who in Military History, Routledge, 1996. p. 268
- Serefname II s. 158