核形虫目

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核形虫目
Nuclearia sp Nikko.jpg
Nuclearia thermophila
科学分类 编辑
界: 核形蟲界 Nucleariae
门: 核形蟲門 Nuclearida
纲: 核形蟲綱 Nuclearidea
目: 核形虫目 Nucleariida
Cavalier-Smith, 1993

核形虫是一类原生生物[1],具有丝状伪足,生活在土壤和淡水里。它们与同样具有丝状伪足的vampyrellid形态上非常相似,但可以通过线粒体的盘状来鉴别。

归类[编辑]

核形虫与动物真菌以及其它一些小类群同属后鞭毛生物[2]。後續研究显示核形虫是真菌的姊妹群[3][4]。2018年,Tedersoo將核形蟲獨立劃分為核形蟲界(Nucleariae),囊括核形蟲門(Nuclearida)及泉生蟲門(Fonticulida)[5]

形态特征[编辑]

核形虫通常很小, 最大不过50微米。

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Zettler; Nerad, T.; O'Kelly, C.; Sogin, M. The nucleariid amoebae: more protists at the animal-fungal boundary. The Journal of eukaryotic microbiology. 2001, 48 (3): 293–297. PMID 11411837. doi:10.1111/j.1550-7408.2001.tb00317.x.  编辑
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 Yoshida M, Nakayama T, Inouye I. Nuclearia thermophila sp. nov. (Nucleariidae), a new nucleariid species isolated from Yunoko Lake in Nikko (Japan). European journal of protistology. January 2009, 45 (2): 147–155. PMID 19157810. doi:10.1016/j.ejop.2008.09.004. 
  3. ^ Steenkamp, E.T.; Wright, J.; Baldauf, S.L. The Protistan Origins of Animals and Fungi. Molecular Biology and Evolution. 2006, 23 (1): 93–106. PMID 16151185. doi:10.1093/molbev/msj011. 
  4. ^ Shalchian-Tabrizi K, Minge MA, Espelund M; 等. Aramayo, Rodolfo, 编. Multigene phylogeny of choanozoa and the origin of animals. PLoS ONE. 2008, 3 (5): e2098. PMC 2346548. PMID 18461162. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0002098. 
  5. ^ Tedersoo, Leho; Sánchez-Ramírez, Santiago; Kõljalg, Urmas; Bahram, Mohammad; Döring, Markus; Schigel, Dmitry; May, Tom; Ryberg, Martin; Abarenkov, Kessy. High-level classification of the Fungi and a tool for evolutionary ecological analyses. Fungal Diversity. 2018-05, 90 (1): 135–159. ISSN 1560-2745. doi:10.1007/s13225-018-0401-0 (英语).