氣候突變

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氣候突變指的是氣候在短期內發生劇烈變化的現象。石炭紀雨林崩潰事件[1]新仙女木事件[2]丹斯伽阿德-厄施格尔周期哈因里奇事件等都是氣候突變造成的[3]。新仙女木事件時,地球氣溫在不到十年間就發生了10 °C變化(18 °F變化)[4]。在全球變暖的現代,氣候突變也是人類安全的重大威脅之一。[5]

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Sahney, S.; Benton, M.J.; Falcon-Lang, H.J. Rainforest collapse triggered Pennsylvanian tetrapod diversification in Euramerica (PDF). Geology. 2010, 38 (12): 1079–1082. Bibcode:2010Geo....38.1079S. doi:10.1130/G31182.1. 
  2. ^ Broecker, W. S. Geology. Was the Younger Dryas triggered by a flood?. Science. May 2006, 312 (5777): 1146–1148. ISSN 0036-8075. PMID 16728622. doi:10.1126/science.1123253. 
  3. ^ Committee on Abrupt Climate Change, Ocean Studies Board, Polar Research Board, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, Division on Earth and Life Studies, National Research Council. Abrupt climate change : inevitable surprises. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 2002: 108. ISBN 0-309-07434-7. 
  4. ^ Grachev, A.M.; Severinghaus, J.P. A revised +10±4 °C magnitude of the abrupt change in Greenland temperature at the Younger Dryas termination using published GISP2 gas isotope data and air thermal diffusion constants. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2005, 24 (5–6): 513–9. Bibcode:2005QSRv...24..513G. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2004.10.016. 
  5. ^ Mora, C. The projected timing of climate departure from recent variability. Nature. 2013, 502: 183–187. Bibcode:2013Natur.502..183M. PMID 24108050. doi:10.1038/nature12540. 

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