汉语拼音音节列表

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汉语拼音音节列表为拼音表记的現代標準漢語普通话)的音节列表。現代標準漢語的音系常用音節作爲分析單位,一個音節成分至多可以有聲母介音(韻頭)、韻腹韻尾聲調五類(可表示為CGVXT[1]。以下列表將韻頭、韻腹和韻尾合併為韻母,並不考慮聲調與兒化音。音節以漢語拼音注音標註,並附上對應的國際音標

韻母 声母 韻母
b p m f d t n l g k h j q x zh ch sh r z c s
開口呼 -i zhi

[ʈ͡ʂɻ̩]
chi

[ʈ͡ʂʰɻ̩]
shi

[ʂɻ̩]
ri

[ʐɻ̩]
zi

[t͡sɹ̩]
ci

[t͡sʰɹ̩]
si

[sɹ̩]
-i 開口呼
a a

[a]
ba
ㄅㄚ
[pa]
pa
ㄆㄚ
[pʰa]
ma
ㄇㄚ
[ma]
fa
ㄈㄚ
[fa]
da
ㄉㄚ
[ta]
ta
ㄊㄚ
[tʰa]
na
ㄋㄚ
[na]
la
ㄌㄚ
[la]
ga
ㄍㄚ
[ka]
ka
ㄎㄚ
[kʰa]
ha
ㄏㄚ
[xa]
zha
ㄓㄚ
[ʈ͡ʂa]
cha
ㄔㄚ
[ʈ͡ʂʰa]
sha
ㄕㄚ
[ʂa]
za
ㄗㄚ
[t͡sa]
ca
ㄘㄚ
[t͡sʰa]
sa
ㄙㄚ
[sa]
a
o o

[o]
bo
ㄅㄛ
[pu̯o]
po
ㄆㄛ
[pʰu̯o]
mo
ㄇㄛ
[mu̯o]
fo
ㄈㄛ
[fu̯o]
lo
ㄌㄛ
[lo]
o
e e

[ɤ]
me
ㄇㄜ
[mɤ]
de
ㄉㄜ
[tɤ]
te
ㄊㄜ
[tʰɤ]
ne
ㄋㄜ
[nɤ]
le
ㄌㄜ
[lɤ]
ge
ㄍㄜ
[kɤ]
ke
ㄎㄜ
[kʰɤ]
he
ㄏㄜ
[xɤ]
zhe
ㄓㄜ
[ʈ͡ʂɤ]
che
ㄔㄜ
[ʈ͡ʂʰɤ]
she
ㄕㄜ
[ʂɤ]
re
ㄖㄜ
[ʐɤ]
ze
ㄗㄜ
[t͡sɤ]
ce
ㄘㄜ
[t͡sʰɤ]
se
ㄙㄜ
[sɤ]
e
ê ê

[e]
ê
ai ai

[ai̯]
bai
ㄅㄞ
[pai̯]
pai
ㄆㄞ
[pʰai̯]
mai
ㄇㄞ
[mai̯]
dai
ㄉㄞ
[tai̯]
tai
ㄊㄞ
[tʰai̯]
nai
ㄋㄞ
[nai̯]
lai
ㄌㄞ
[lai̯]
gai
ㄍㄞ
[kai̯]
kai
ㄎㄞ
[kʰai̯]
hai
ㄏㄞ
[xai̯]
zhai
ㄓㄞ
[ʈ͡ʂai̯]
chai
ㄔㄞ
[ʈ͡ʂʰai̯]
shai
ㄕㄞ
[ʂai̯]
zai
ㄗㄞ
[t͡sai̯]
cai
ㄘㄞ
[t͡sʰai̯]
sai
ㄙㄞ
[sai̯]
ai
ei ei

[ei̯]
bei
ㄅㄟ
[pei̯]
pei
ㄆㄟ
[pʰei̯]
mei
ㄇㄟ
[mei̯]
fei
ㄈㄟ
[fei̯]
dei
ㄉㄟ
[tei̯]
nei
ㄋㄟ
[nei̯]
lei
ㄌㄟ
[lei̯]
gei
ㄍㄟ
[kei̯]
kei
ㄎㄟ
[kʰei̯]
hei
ㄏㄟ
[xei̯]
zhei
ㄓㄟ
[ʈ͡ʂei̯]
shei
ㄕㄟ
[ʂei̯]
zei
ㄗㄟ
[t͡sei̯]
ei
ao ao

[au̯]
bao
ㄅㄠ
[pau̯]
pao
ㄆㄠ
[pʰau̯]
mao
ㄇㄠ
[mau̯]
dao
ㄉㄠ
[tau̯]
tao
ㄊㄠ
[tʰau̯]
nao
ㄋㄠ
[nau̯]
lao
ㄌㄠ
[lau̯]
gao
ㄍㄠ
[kau̯]
kao
ㄎㄠ
[kʰau̯]
hao
ㄏㄠ
[xau̯]
zhao
ㄓㄠ
[ʈ͡ʂau̯]
chao
ㄔㄠ
[ʈ͡ʂʰau̯]
shao
ㄕㄠ
[ʂau̯]
rao
ㄖㄠ
[ʐau̯]
zao
ㄗㄠ
[t͡sau̯]
cao
ㄘㄠ
[t͡sʰau̯]
sao
ㄙㄠ
[sau̯]
ao
ou ou

[ou̯]
pou
ㄆㄡ
[pʰou̯]
mou
ㄇㄡ
[mou̯]
fou
ㄈㄡ
[fou̯]
dou
ㄉㄡ
[tou̯]
tou
ㄊㄡ
[tʰou̯]
nou
ㄋㄡ
[nou̯]
lou
ㄌㄡ
[lou̯]
gou
ㄍㄡ
[kou̯]
kou
ㄎㄡ
[kʰou̯]
hou
ㄏㄡ
[xou̯]
zhou
ㄓㄡ
[ʈ͡ʂou̯]
chou
ㄔㄡ
[ʈ͡ʂʰou̯]
shou
ㄕㄡ
[ʂou̯]
rou
ㄖㄡ
[ʐou̯]
zou
ㄗㄡ
[t͡sou̯]
cou
ㄘㄡ
[t͡sʰou̯]
sou
ㄙㄡ
[sou̯]
ou
an an

[an]
ban
ㄅㄢ
[pan]
pan
ㄆㄢ
[pʰan]
man
ㄇㄢ
[man]
fan
ㄈㄢ
[fan]
dan
ㄉㄢ
[tan]
tan
ㄊㄢ
[tʰan]
nan
ㄋㄢ
[nan]
lan
ㄌㄢ
[lan]
gan
ㄍㄢ
[kan]
kan
ㄎㄢ
[kʰan]
han
ㄏㄢ
[xan]
zhan
ㄓㄢ
[ʈ͡ʂan]
chan
ㄔㄢ
[ʈ͡ʂʰan]
shan
ㄕㄢ
[ʂan]
ran
ㄖㄢ
[ʐan]
zan
ㄗㄢ
[t͡san]
can
ㄘㄢ
[t͡sʰan]
san
ㄙㄢ
[san]
an
en en

[ən]
ben
ㄅㄣ
[pən]
pen
ㄆㄣ
[pʰən]
men
ㄇㄣ
[mən]
fen
ㄈㄣ
[fən]
den
ㄉㄣ
[tən]
nen
ㄋㄣ
[nən]
gen
ㄍㄣ
[kən]
ken
ㄎㄣ
[kʰən]
hen
ㄏㄣ
[xən]
zhen
ㄓㄣ
[ʈ͡ʂən]
chen
ㄔㄣ
[ʈ͡ʂʰən]
shen
ㄕㄣ
[ʂən]
ren
ㄖㄣ
[ʐən]
zen
ㄗㄣ
[t͡sən]
cen
ㄘㄣ
[t͡sʰən]
sen
ㄙㄣ
[sən]
en
ang ang

[aŋ]
bang
ㄅㄤ
[paŋ]
pang
ㄆㄤ
[pʰaŋ]
mang
ㄇㄤ
[maŋ]
fang
ㄈㄤ
[faŋ]
dang
ㄉㄤ
[taŋ]
tang
ㄊㄤ
[tʰaŋ]
nang
ㄋㄤ
[naŋ]
lang
ㄌㄤ
[laŋ]
gang
ㄍㄤ
[kaŋ]
kang
ㄎㄤ
[kʰaŋ]
hang
ㄏㄤ
[xaŋ]
zhang
ㄓㄤ
[ʈ͡ʂaŋ]
chang
ㄔㄤ
[ʈ͡ʂʰaŋ]
shang
ㄕㄤ
[ʂaŋ]
rang
ㄖㄤ
[ʐaŋ]
zang
ㄗㄤ
[t͡saŋ]
cang
ㄘㄤ
[t͡sʰaŋ]
sang
ㄙㄤ
[saŋ]
ang
eng eng

[əŋ]
beng
ㄅㄥ
[pəŋ]
peng
ㄆㄥ
[pʰəŋ]
meng
ㄇㄥ
[məŋ]
feng
ㄈㄥ
[fəŋ]
deng
ㄉㄥ
[təŋ]
teng
ㄊㄥ
[tʰəŋ]
neng
ㄋㄥ
[nəŋ]
leng
ㄌㄥ
[ləŋ]
geng
ㄍㄥ
[kəŋ]
keng
ㄎㄥ
[kʰəŋ]
heng
ㄏㄥ
[xəŋ]
zheng
ㄓㄥ
[ʈ͡ʂəŋ]
cheng
ㄔㄥ
[ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ]
sheng
ㄕㄥ
[ʂəŋ]
reng
ㄖㄥ
[ʐəŋ]
zeng
ㄗㄥ
[t͡səŋ]
ceng
ㄘㄥ
[t͡sʰəŋ]
seng
ㄙㄥ
[səŋ]
eng
er er

[aɚ̯]
er
齐齿呼 i yi

[i]
bi
ㄅㄧ
[pi]
pi
ㄆㄧ
[pʰi]
mi
ㄇㄧ
[mi]
di
ㄉㄧ
[ti]
ti
ㄊㄧ
[tʰi]
ni
ㄋㄧ
[ni]
li
ㄌㄧ
[li]
ji
ㄐㄧ
[t͡ɕi]
qi
ㄑㄧ
[t͡ɕʰi]
xi
ㄒㄧ
[ɕi]
i 齐齿呼
ia ya
ㄧㄚ
[i̯a]
lia
ㄌㄧㄚ
[li̯a]
jia
ㄐㄧㄚ
[t͡ɕi̯a]
qia
ㄑㄧㄚ
[t͡ɕʰi̯a]
xia
ㄒㄧㄚ
[ɕi̯a]
ia
io yo
ㄧㄛ
[i̯o]
io
ie ye
ㄧㄝ
[i̯e]
bie
ㄅㄧㄝ
[pi̯e]
pie
ㄆㄧㄝ
[pʰi̯e]
mie
ㄇㄧㄝ
[mi̯e]
die
ㄉㄧㄝ
[ti̯e]
tie
ㄊㄧㄝ
[tʰi̯e]
nie
ㄋㄧㄝ
[ni̯e]
lie
ㄌㄧㄝ
[li̯e]
jie
ㄐㄧㄝ
[t͡ɕi̯e]
qie
ㄑㄧㄝ
[t͡ɕʰi̯e]
xie
ㄒㄧㄝ
[ɕi̯e]
ie
iai yai
ㄧㄞ
[i̯ai̯]
iai
iao yao
ㄧㄠ
[i̯au̯]
biao
ㄅㄧㄠ
[pi̯au̯]
piao
ㄆㄧㄠ
[pʰi̯au̯]
miao
ㄇㄧㄠ
[mi̯au̯]
fiao
ㄈㄧㄠ
[fi̯au̯]
diao
ㄉㄧㄠ
[ti̯au̯]
tiao
ㄊㄧㄠ
[tʰi̯au̯]
niao
ㄋㄧㄠ
[ni̯au̯]
liao
ㄌㄧㄠ
[li̯au̯]
jiao
ㄐㄧㄠ
[t͡ɕi̯au̯]
qiao
ㄑㄧㄠ
[t͡ɕʰi̯au̯]
xiao
ㄒㄧㄠ
[ɕi̯au̯]
iao
iu you
ㄧㄡ
[i̯ou̯]
miu
ㄇㄧㄡ
[mi̯ou̯]
diu
ㄉㄧㄡ
[ti̯ou̯]
niu
ㄋㄧㄡ
[ni̯ou̯]
liu
ㄌㄧㄡ
[li̯ou̯]
jiu
ㄐㄧㄡ
[t͡ɕi̯ou̯]
qiu
ㄑㄧㄡ
[t͡ɕʰi̯ou̯]
xiu
ㄒㄧㄡ
[ɕi̯ou̯]
iu
ian yan
ㄧㄢ
[i̯ɛn]
bian
ㄅㄧㄢ
[pi̯ɛn]
pian
ㄆㄧㄢ
[pʰi̯ɛn]
mian
ㄇㄧㄢ
[mi̯ɛn]
dian
ㄉㄧㄢ
[ti̯ɛn]
tian
ㄊㄧㄢ
[tʰi̯ɛn]
nian
ㄋㄧㄢ
[ni̯ɛn]
lian
ㄌㄧㄢ
[li̯ɛn]
jian
ㄐㄧㄢ
[t͡ɕi̯ɛn]
qian
ㄑㄧㄢ
[t͡ɕʰi̯ɛn]
xian
ㄒㄧㄢ
[ɕi̯ɛn]
ian
in yin
ㄧㄣ
[in]
bin
ㄅㄧㄣ
[pin]
pin
ㄆㄧㄣ
[pʰin]
min
ㄇㄧㄣ
[min]
nin
ㄋㄧㄣ
[nin]
lin
ㄌㄧㄣ
[lin]
jin
ㄐㄧㄣ
[t͡ɕin]
qin
ㄑㄧㄣ
[t͡ɕʰin]
xin
ㄒㄧㄣ
[ɕin]
in
iang yang
ㄧㄤ
[i̯aŋ]
biang
ㄅㄧㄤ
[pi̯aŋ]
niang
ㄋㄧㄤ
[ni̯aŋ]
liang
ㄌㄧㄤ
[ni̯aŋ]
jiang
ㄐㄧㄤ
[t͡ɕi̯aŋ]
qiang
ㄑㄧㄤ
[t͡ɕʰi̯aŋ]
xiang
ㄒㄧㄤ
[ɕi̯aŋ]
iang
ing ying
ㄧㄥ
[iŋ]
bing
ㄅㄧㄥ
[piŋ]
ping
ㄆㄧㄥ
[pʰiŋ]
ming
ㄇㄧㄥ
[miŋ]
ding
ㄉㄧㄥ
[tiŋ]
ting
ㄊㄧㄥ
[tʰiŋ]
ning
ㄋㄧㄥ
[niŋ]
ling
ㄌㄧㄥ
[liŋ]
jing
ㄐㄧㄥ
[t͡ɕiŋ]
qing
ㄑㄧㄥ
[t͡ɕʰiŋ]
xing
ㄒㄧㄥ
[ɕiŋ]
ing
合口呼 u wu

[u]
bu
ㄅㄨ
[pu]
pu
ㄆㄨ
[pʰu]
mu
ㄇㄨ
[mu]
fu
ㄈㄨ
[fu]
du
ㄉㄨ
[tu]
tu
ㄊㄨ
[tʰu]
nu
ㄋㄨ
[nu]
lu
ㄌㄨ
[lu]
gu
ㄍㄨ
[ku]
ku
ㄎㄨ
[kʰu]
hu
ㄏㄨ
[xu]
zhu
ㄓㄨ
[ʈ͡ʂu]
chu
ㄔㄨ
[ʈ͡ʂʰu]
shu
ㄕㄨ
[ʂu]
ru
ㄖㄨ
[ʐu]
zu
ㄗㄨ
[t͡su]
cu
ㄘㄨ
[t͡sʰu]
su
ㄙㄨ
[su]
u 合口呼
ua wa
ㄨㄚ
[u̯a]
gua
ㄍㄨㄚ
[ku̯a]
kua
ㄎㄨㄚ
[kʰu̯a]
hua
ㄏㄨㄚ
[xu̯a]
zhua
ㄓㄨㄚ
[ʈ͡ʂu̯a]
chua
ㄔㄨㄚ
[ʈ͡ʂʰu̯a]
shua
ㄕㄨㄚ
[ʂu̯a]
ua
uo wo
ㄨㄛ
[u̯o]
duo
ㄉㄨㄛ
[tu̯o]
tuo
ㄊㄨㄛ
[tʰu̯o]
nuo
ㄋㄨㄛ
[nu̯o]
luo
ㄌㄨㄛ
[lu̯o]
guo
ㄍㄨㄛ
[ku̯o]
kuo
ㄎㄨㄛ
[kʰu̯o]
huo
ㄏㄨㄛ
[xu̯o]
zhuo
ㄓㄨㄛ
[ʈ͡ʂu̯o]
chuo
ㄔㄨㄛ
[ʈ͡ʂʰu̯o]
shuo
ㄕㄨㄛ
[ʂu̯o]
ruo
ㄖㄨㄛ
[ʐu̯o]
zuo
ㄗㄨㄛ
[t͡su̯o]
cuo
ㄘㄨㄛ
[t͡sʰu̯o]
suo
ㄙㄨㄛ
[su̯o]
uo
uai wai
ㄨㄞ
[u̯ai̯]
guai
ㄍㄨㄞ
[ku̯ai̯]
kuai
ㄎㄨㄞ
[kʰu̯ai̯]
huai
ㄏㄨㄞ
[xu̯ai̯]
zhuai
ㄓㄨㄞ
[ʈ͡ʂu̯ai̯]
chuai
ㄔㄨㄞ
[ʈ͡ʂʰu̯ai̯]
shuai
ㄕㄨㄞ
[ʂu̯ai̯]
uai
ui wei
ㄨㄟ
[u̯ei̯]
dui
ㄉㄨㄟ
[tu̯ei̯]
tui
ㄊㄨㄟ
[tʰu̯ei̯]
gui
ㄍㄨㄟ
[ku̯ei̯]
kui
ㄎㄨㄟ
[kʰu̯ei̯]
hui
ㄏㄨㄟ
[xu̯ei̯]
zhui
ㄓㄨㄟ
[ʈ͡ʂu̯ei̯]
chui
ㄔㄨㄟ
[ʈ͡ʂʰu̯ei̯]
shui
ㄕㄨㄟ
[ʂu̯ei̯]
rui
ㄖㄨㄟ
[ʐu̯ei̯]
zui
ㄗㄨㄟ
[t͡su̯ei̯]
cui
ㄘㄨㄟ
[t͡sʰu̯ei̯]
sui
ㄙㄨㄟ
[su̯ei̯]
ui
uan wan
ㄨㄢ
[u̯an]
duan
ㄉㄨㄢ
[tu̯an]
tuan
ㄊㄨㄢ
[tʰu̯an]
nuan
ㄋㄨㄢ
[nu̯an]
luan
ㄌㄨㄢ
[lu̯an]
guan
ㄍㄨㄢ
[ku̯an]
kuan
ㄎㄨㄢ
[kʰu̯an]
huan
ㄏㄨㄢ
[xu̯an]
zhuan
ㄓㄨㄢ
[ʈ͡ʂu̯an]
chuan
ㄔㄨㄢ
[ʈ͡ʂʰu̯an]
shuan
ㄕㄨㄢ
[ʂu̯an]
ruan
ㄖㄨㄢ
[ʐu̯an]
zuan
ㄗㄨㄢ
[t͡su̯an]
cuan
ㄘㄨㄢ
[t͡sʰu̯an]
suan
ㄙㄨㄢ
[su̯an]
uan
un wen
ㄨㄣ
[u̯ən]
dun
ㄉㄨㄣ
[tu̯ən]
tun
ㄊㄨㄣ
[tʰu̯ən]
lun
ㄌㄨㄣ
[lu̯ən]
gun
ㄍㄨㄣ
[ku̯ən]
kun
ㄎㄨㄣ
[kʰu̯ən]
hun
ㄏㄨㄣ
[xu̯ən]
zhun
ㄓㄨㄣ
[ʈ͡ʂu̯ən]
chun
ㄔㄨㄣ
[ʈ͡ʂʰu̯ən]
shun
ㄕㄨㄣ
[ʂu̯ən]
run
ㄖㄨㄣ
[ʐu̯ən]
zun
ㄗㄨㄣ
[t͡su̯ən]
cun
ㄘㄨㄣ
[t͡sʰu̯ən]
sun
ㄙㄨㄣ
[su̯ən]
un
uang wang
ㄨㄤ
[u̯aŋ]
guang
ㄍㄨㄤ
[ku̯aŋ]
kuang
ㄎㄨㄤ
[kʰu̯aŋ]
huang
ㄏㄨㄤ
[xu̯aŋ]
zhuang
ㄓㄨㄤ
[ʈ͡ʂu̯aŋ]
chuang
ㄔㄨㄤ
[ʈ͡ʂʰu̯aŋ]
shuang
ㄕㄨㄤ
[ʂu̯aŋ]
uang
ong weng
ㄨㄥ
[u̯əŋ]
dong
ㄉㄨㄥ
[tʊŋ]
tong
ㄊㄨㄥ
[tʰʊŋ]
nong
ㄋㄨㄥ
[nʊŋ]
long
ㄌㄨㄥ
[lʊŋ]
gong
ㄍㄨㄥ
[kʊŋ]
kong
ㄎㄨㄥ
[kʰʊŋ]
hong
ㄏㄨㄥ
[xʊŋ]
zhong
ㄓㄨㄥ
[ʈ͡ʂʊŋ]
chong
ㄔㄨㄥ
[ʈ͡ʂʰʊŋ]
rong
ㄖㄨㄥ
[ʐʊŋ]
zong
ㄗㄨㄥ
[t͡sʊŋ]
cong
ㄘㄨㄥ
[t͡sʰʊŋ]
song
ㄙㄨㄥ
[sʊŋ]
ong
撮口呼 ü yu

[y]

ㄋㄩ
[ny]

ㄌㄩ
[ly]
ju
ㄐㄩ
[t͡ɕy]
qu
ㄑㄩ
[t͡ɕʰy]
xu
ㄒㄩ
[ɕy]
ü 撮口呼
üe yue
ㄩㄝ
[y̯e]
nüe
ㄋㄩㄝ
[ny̯e]
lüe
ㄌㄩㄝ
[ly̯e]
jue
ㄐㄩㄝ
[t͡ɕy̯e]
que
ㄑㄩㄝ
[t͡ɕʰy̯e]
xue
ㄒㄩㄝ
[ɕy̯e]
ue
üan yuan
ㄩㄢ
[y̯ɛn]
juan
ㄐㄩㄢ
[t͡ɕy̯ɛn]
quan
ㄑㄩㄢ
[t͡ɕʰy̯ɛn]
xuan
ㄒㄩㄢ
[ɕy̯ɛn]
üan
ün yun
ㄩㄣ
[yn]
jun
ㄐㄩㄣ
[t͡ɕyn]
qun
ㄑㄩㄣ
[t͡ɕʰyn]
xun
ㄒㄩㄣ
[ɕyn]
ün
iong yong
ㄩㄥ
[i̯ʊŋ]
jiong
ㄐㄩㄥ
[t͡ɕi̯ʊŋ]
qiong
ㄑㄩㄥ
[t͡ɕʰi̯ʊŋ]
xiong
ㄒㄩㄥ
[ɕi̯ʊŋ]
iong
韻母 b p m f d t n l g k h j q x zh ch sh r z c s 韻母
声母

參考資料[编辑]

  1. ^ Duanmu, San. The Phonology of Standard Chinese 2nd. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2007: 48. 

參見[编辑]