沃伦时期美国最高法院案例列表

维基百科,自由的百科全书
跳转至: 导航搜索

这是一个美国最高法院首席大法官厄尔·沃伦 (1953年10月5日 - 1969年6月23日)任职期间依时间顺序排列的案例列表。这一时期因沃伦法庭而出名。

案件名 引用 简介
Toolson v. New York Yankees 346 U.S. 356 (1953) baseball antitrust exemption upheld
Miller Brothers Co. v. Maryland 347 U.S. 340 (1954) use tax imposed by one state against merchant in another state violated Due Process Clause of the 14th Amendment
布朗诉托皮卡教育局案 347 U.S. 483 (1954) segregation, "separate ... inherently unequal"
埃尔南德斯诉德克萨斯州案 347 U.S. 475 (1954) application of the Fourteenth Amendment to Mexican Americans
Bolling v. Sharpe 347 U.S. 497 (1954) segregation in the District of Columbia
美国诉哈里斯 347 U.S. 612 (1954) constitutionality of The Federal Regulation of Lobbying Act of 1946
Berman v. Parker 348 U.S. 26 (1954) eminent domain, takings
美国诉纽约国际拳击俱乐部 348 U.S. 236 (1955) 拳击不可从反托拉斯法案获得豁免
Tee-Hit-Ton Indians v. United States 348 U.S. 272 (1955) Federal government did not owe Indian tribe compensation for timber taken from tribal-occupied lands in Alaska under the 5th Amendment
Commissioner v. Glenshaw Glass Co. 348 U.S. 426 (1955) definition of taxable income
Williamson v. Lee Optical Co. 348 U.S. 483 (1955) Due Process Clause, economic liberties
格里芬诉伊利诺伊州案 351 U.S. 12 (1956) access to court transcript for indigent appeals
Radovich v. National Football League 352 U.S. 445 (1957) professional football covered by antitrust laws
Reid v. Covert 354 U.S. 1 (1957) 协议的权利
沃特金斯诉合众国案 354 U.S. 178 (1957) rights of a witness in refusing to answer questions before the House Un-American Activities Committee
耶茨诉合众国案 354 U.S. 298 (1957) 演讲自由,distinction between expression of opinion and advocacy of action
罗斯诉合众国 354 U.S. 476 (1957) 淫秽
康利诉吉布森案 355 U.S. 41 (1957) liberal pleading standards under Rule 8 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure
McGee v. International Life Insurance Co. 355 U.S. 220 (1957) California did not violate the Due Process Clause when entering a binding judgment on a Texas corporation with "substantial connection[s]" to California
兰伯特诉加利福尼亚案 355 U.S. 225 (1957) mens rea and ignorance of the law
One, Inc. v. Olesen 355 U.S. 371 (1958) pro-homosexual writings and the Comstock laws
佩雷斯诉布劳内尔案 356 U.S. 44 (1958) revocation of citizenship for voting in a foreign election
Trop v. Dulles 356 U.S. 86 (1958) Eighth Amendment, loss of citizenship
谢尔曼诉合众国案 356 U.S. 369 (1958) Entrapment provisions apply to actions of government informers as well as agents
Byrd v. Blue Ridge Rural Electric Cooperative, Inc. 356 U.S. 525 (1958) application of the Erie doctrine
Kent v. Dulles 357 U.S. 116 (1958) right to travel, power of Secretary of State
Societe Internationale v. Rogers 357 U.S. 197 (1958) appropriateness of involuntary dismissal of a case in which petitioner failed to produce records of a Swiss bank account
全国有色人种协进会诉阿拉巴马州案 357 U.S. 449 (1958) 结社自由,成员列表的隐私权
Speiser v. Randall 357 U.S. 513 (1958) 忠诚宣誓
Cooper v. Aaron 358 U.S. 1 (1958) enforcement of desegregation, "massive resistance"
卡马拉诺诉合众国案 358 U.S. 498 (1959) business expenses incurred for the "promotion or defeat of legislation" are not tax deductible
Bartkus v. Illinois 359 U.S. 121 (1959) "separate sovereigns" exception to double jeopardy; federal and state officials may cooperate in criminal investigations
弗兰克诉马里兰州 359 U.S. 360 (1959) warrantless administrative searches are permissible under the Fourth Amendment
Beacon Theatres v. Westover 359 U.S. 500 (1959) right to civil jury trial under the Seventh Amendment, determination of legal & equitable issues
路易斯安那电力和照明公司诉蒂博市案 360 U.S. 25 (1959) 弃权规定
Barenblatt v. United States 360 U.S. 109 (1959) upholding conviction for refusing to answer questions before the House Un-American Activities Committee against First Amendment challenge
史密斯诉加利福尼亚州案 361 U.S. 147 (1959) sale of obscene books
贝茨诉小石城案 361 U.S. 516 (1960) 第一宪法修正案,compelled disclosure of membership lists
美国诉雷恩斯案 362 U.S. 17 (1960) 第五宪法修正案,民权法案
Federal Power Commission v. Tuscarora Indian Nation 362 U.S. 99 (1960) eminent domain over Indian lands
弗洛拉诉合众国案 362 U.S. 145 (1960) Pay Income Tax Then Litigate, Internal Revenue Act
Dusky v. United States 362 U.S. 402 (1960) standard for adjudicative competence
Commissioner v. Duberstein 363 U.S. 278 (1960) definition of a 'gift' for taxation purposes
弗莱明诉内斯特案 363 U.S. 603 (1960) no property right in Social Security benefits
博因顿诉弗吉尼亚州案 364 U.S. 454 (1960) 种族隔离
门罗诉帕普案 365 U.S. 167 (1961) municipalities cannot be held liable under the Civil Rights Act of 1871
Aro Mfg. Co. v. Convertible Top Replacement Co. 365 U.S. 336 (1961) doctrine of repair and reconstruction in United States patent law
Burton v. Wilmington Parking Authority 365 U.S. 715 (1961) state action
Gomillion v. Lightfoot 364 U.S. 339 (1960) race-based electoral districting
詹姆斯诉合众国案 366 U.S. 213 (1961) assessment of income tax on embezzled funds
麦高恩诉马里兰州案 366 U.S. 420 (1961) constitutionality of laws with religious origins but secular purposes
Braunfeld v. Brown 366 U.S. 599 (1961) constitutionality of Sabbath laws requiring Sunday closure of stores
Gallagher v. Crown Kosher Super Market of Massachusetts, Inc. 366 U.S. 617 (1961) Massachusetts blue laws upheld against challenge by Kosher grocery store
Jarecki v. G.D. Searle & Co. 367 U.S. 303 (1961) using noscitur a sociis to interpret the Excess Profits Tax Act of 1950
Torcaso v. Watkins 367 U.S. 488 (1961) oaths, religious test, First Amendment
Poe v. Ullman 367 U.S. 497 (1961) ripeness to challenge statute banning contraceptives
马普诉俄亥俄州案 367 U.S. 643 (1961) search and seizure, exclusionary rule
Marcus v. Search Warrant 367 U.S. 717 (1961) Procedural burden on state in seizure of obscene material
汉密尔顿诉阿拉巴马州案 368 U.S. 52 (1961) Absence of defendant's counsel at the time of his arraignment violated his rights under the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment
霍伊特诉佛罗里达州案 368 U.S. 57 (1961) all-male jury in a woman's murder trial did not violate Fourteenth Amendment
Oyler v. Boles 368 U.S. 448 (1962) habitual criminal sentencing and due process
Fong Foo v. United States 369 U.S. 141 (1962) double jeopardy against federal courts
贝克诉卡尔案 369 U.S. 186 (1962) 重现分配
戈德布拉特诉斯特德案 369 U.S. 590 (1962) due process, takings clause, safety regulations
Engel v. Vitale 370 U.S. 421 (1962) school prayer
Manual Enterprises v. Day 370 U.S. 478 (1962) magazine containing nude photographs of men not considered obscene
琼斯诉坎宁翰案 371 U.S. 236 (1963) state prison inmates have the right to petition for habeas corpus
Wong Sun v. United States 371 U.S. 471 (1963) fruit of the poisonous tree doctrine in a narcotics case
Schlude v. Commissioner 372 U.S. 128 (1963) what income must be included for income tax purposes when accrual method of accounting is used
爱德华兹诉南卡罗来纳州案 372 U.S. 229 (1963) First Amendment, protest marches at state capital
吉迪恩诉温赖特案 372 U.S. 335 (1963) right to counsel
道格拉斯诉加利福尼亚州案 372 U.S. 353 (1963) F第十四宪法修正案; right of poor defendants to criminal court appeals
Gray v. Sanders 372 U.S. 368 (1963) “one man, one vote”
Gibson v. Florida Legislative Investigation Committee 372 U.S. 539 (1963) requiring person divulge information contained in an organization's membership lists violates freedom of association under First Amendment
弗格森诉斯库珀案 372 U.S. 726 (1963) substantive due process, economic liberties
布雷迪诉马里兰州案 373 U.S. 83 (1963) exculpatory evidence and due process
Florida Lime & Avocado Growers, Inc. v. Paul 373 U.S. 132 (1963) Preemption, Dormant Commerce Clause
Silver v. New York Stock Exchange 373 U.S. 341 (1963) duty of self-regulation imposed upon the New York Stock Exchange by the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 did not exempt it from the antitrust laws
Ker v. California 374 U.S. 23 (1963) incorporation of the Fourth Amendment protections against unreasonable search & seizure against the states
Abington School District v. Schempp 374 U.S. 203 (1963) constitutionality of mandatory bible reading in public schools
Sherbert v. Verner 374 U.S. 398 (1963) strict scrutiny for religiously-based discrimination in unemployment compensation
England v. Louisiana State Board of Medical Examiners 375 U.S. 411 (1964) refining procedures for Pullman abstention from deciding issues of state law
Wesberry v. Sanders 376 U.S. 1 (1964) “one man, one vote”
Compco Corp. v. Day-Brite Lighting, Inc. 376 U.S. 234 (1964) preemption of state unfair competition laws which restrict sale of unpatented items
Sears, Roebuck & Co. v. Stiffel Co. 376 U.S. 225 (1964) preemption of state unfair competition laws which restrict sale of unpatented items, decided same day as Compco Corp. v. Day-Brite Lighting, Inc.
纽约时报诉沙利文案 376 U.S. 254 (1964) freedom of speech, libel
Banco Nacional de Cuba v. Sabbatino 376 U.S. 398 (1964) jurisdiction of federal courts over acts of foreign countries; act of state doctrine
Schneider v. Rusk 377 U.S. 163 (1964) Naturalized U.S. citizens have the right to return to and reside in their native countries, and retain their U.S. citizenship, even if they never return to the United States
Massiah v. United States 377 U.S. 201 (1964) Sixth Amendment prohibition on police speaking to suspect represented by counsel
Griffin v. County School Board of Prince Edward County 377 U.S. 218 (1964) closing the local school and giving white students vouchers to attend schools outside of the county was unconstitutional under the equal protection clause
Wilbur-Ellis Co. v. Kuther 377 U.S. 422 (1964) extension of doctrine of repair and reconstruction to enhancement of device's function
雷诺诉西姆斯案 377 U.S. 533 (1964) one man, one vote” (state senates)
Malloy v. Hogan 378 U.S. 1 (1964) Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination was applicable within state courts as well as federal courts
格里芬诉马里兰州案 378 U.S. 130 (1964) segregation protests
Barr v. City of Columbia 378 U.S. 146 (1964) due process and ex post facto law
罗宾逊诉佛罗里达州案 378 U.S. 153 (1964) 抗议隔离
Jacobellis v. Ohio 378 U.S. 184 (1964) "I know [obscenity] when I see it[.]" – Justice Potter Stewart
Quantity of Books v. Kansas 378 U.S. 205 (1964) Seizure of allegedly obscene materials requires prior adversary hearing
Bell v. Maryland 378 U.S. 226 (1964) 抗议隔离
Bouie v. City of Columbia 378 U.S. 347 (1964) due process and ex post facto law
United States v. Continental Can Co. 378 U.S. 441 (1964) antitrust
Escobedo v. Illinois 378 U.S. 478 (1964) right to remain silent
库珀诉佩特 378 U.S. 546 (1964) The court ruled for the first time that state prison inmates have the standing to sue in federal court to address their grievances under the Civil Rights Act of 1871.
Beck v. Ohio 379 U.S. 89 (1964) probable cause and searches incident to a lawful arrest
McLaughlin v. Florida 379 U.S. 184 (1964) striking down an anti-miscegenation law aimed at prevent cohabitation of interracial couples
Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States 379 U.S. 241 (1964) interstate commerce, civil rights, public accommodations
Katzenbach v. McClung 379 U.S. 294 (1964) civil rights and interstate commerce, decided same day as Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States
Stanford v. Texas 379 U.S. 476 (1965) Fourth Amendment, Fourteenth Amendment, Unconstitutionality of State issued general warrants
Cox v. Louisiana 379 U.S. 536 (1965) First Amendment, "breach of the peace" statutes
Freedman v. Maryland 380 U.S. 51 (1965) First Amendment, motion picture censorship
美国诉西格案 380 U.S. 163 (1965) definition of religion for a military draft exemption
史怀恩诉阿拉巴马州案 380 U.S. 202 (1965) use of struck jury
汉纳诉普卢默案 380 U.S. 460 (1965) interpretation of the Erie doctrine, Civil Procedure
Dombrowski v. Pfister 380 U.S. 479 (1965) federal injunction against state criminal trial for subversion
Harman v. Forssenius 380 U.S. 528 (1965) Virginia's partial repeal of the poll tax violated 24th Amendment
格里芬诉加利福尼亚州案 380 U.S. 609 (1965) prosecutor commenting on a defendant's refusal to testify violates the defendant's Fifth Amendment rights
One 1958 Plymouth Sedan v. Pennsylvania 380 U.S. 693 (1965) evidence that is obtained in violation of the Fourth Amendment may not be relied on to sustain a civil forfeiture
格里斯沃尔德诉康涅狄格州案 381 U.S. 479 (1965) privacy, birth control
Estes v. Texas 381 U.S. 532 (1965) overturning Billy Sol Estes conviction on 14th Amendment due process grounds due to pretrial publicity
Lamont v. Postmaster General 381 U.S. 301 (1965) Declared unconstitutional a Federal statute requiring that addressees of "Communist political propaganda" affirmatively indicate their request to receive such mailings
Albertson v. Subversive Activities Control Board 382 U.S. 70 (1965) Communist Party of the United States of America members could not be required to register with the government under the Fifth Amendment
Graham v. John Deere Co. 383 U.S. 1 (1966) nonobviousness as a condition of patentability
Baxstrom v. Herold 383 U.S. 107 (1966) Prisoners committed to civil mental institutions have a right to a hearing to determine whether or not they are in fact mentally disordered.
Brown v. Louisiana 383 U.S. 131 (1966) first amendment, right to protest
South Carolina v. Katzenbach 383 U.S. 301 (1966) Voting Rights Act, Fifteenth Amendment
Memoirs v. Massachusetts 383 U.S. 413 (1966) obscenity
Harper v. Virginia Board of Elections 383 U.S. 663 (1966) poll taxes are unconstitutional under the Equal Protection Clause
United Mine Workers of America v. Gibbs 383 U.S. 715 (1966) federal court jurisdiction over pendent claims
United States v. Price 383 U.S. 787 (1966) the Mississippi civil rights workers murders
Sheppard v. Maxwell 384 U.S. 333 (1966) the Sam Sheppard case, defendant's right to a fair trial vs. freedom of the press
Miranda v. Arizona 384 U.S. 436 (1966) self-incrimination (“right to remain silent”)
Federal Trade Commission v. Dean Foods Co. 384 U.S. 597 (1966) federal agencies can use the All Writs Act to seek an injunction against a threatened action that will substantially interfere with the agency’s performance of its statutory duty
Katzenbach v. Morgan 384 U.S. 641 (1966) voting rights, Section 5 power
Schmerber v. California 384 U.S. 757 (1966) state can take blood sample from a suspect without his consent, without violating his Fourth Amendment rights
Garrity v. New Jersey 385 U.S. 493 (1967) rights of police officers against self-incrimination
Whitus v. Georgia 385 U.S. 545 (1967) racial discrimination in jury selection
Redrup v. New York 386 U.S. 767 (1967) striking down state power to censor written works of fiction
In Re Gault 387 U.S. 1 (1967) due process, juveniles
Abbott Laboratories v. Gardner 387 U.S. 136 (1967) reviewability of administrative decisions
Toilet Goods Association, Inc. v. Gardner 387 U.S. 158 (1967) ripeness in the context of judicial review of administrative decisions
Afroyim v. Rusk 387 U.S. 253 (1967) federal government cannot strip a person of his citizenship
Reitman v. Mulkey 387 U.S. 369 (1967) states may repeal laws providing protection against racial discrimination by Amending their state Constitution of referendum if their immediate objective is neutral and not to facilitate private racism
Loving v. Virginia 388 U.S. 1 (1967) state laws banning interracial marriage (anti-miscegenation laws)
Berger v. New York 388 U.S. 41 (1967) Telephone tapping in a bribery case, Fourth Amendment
Curtis Publishing Co. v. Butts 388 U.S. 130 (1967) libel; effect of Sullivan on private figures
United States v. Wade 388 U.S. 218 (1967) no police lineup without counsel
Gilbert v. California 388 U.S. 263 (1967) handwriting
United States v. Robel 389 U.S. 258 (1967) First Amendment, right of association
Prima Paint Corp. v. Flood & Conklin Mfg. Co. 388 U.S. 395 (1967) Separability principle: challenges to enforceability of contracts with arbitration clauses must be decided by arbitrator unless clause itself is challenged
Katz v. United States 389 U.S. 347 (1967) wiretapping as search and seizure
Zschernig v. Miller 389 U.S. 429 (1968) foreign relations and state property law preventing inheritance by nonresident aliens
Mora v. McNamara 389 U.S. 934 (1967) denial of certiorari in a case questioning the legality of the Vietnam War
Haynes v. United States 390 U.S. 85 (1968) Compulsory firearm registration as self-incrimination
Provident Tradesmens Bank & Trust Co. v. Patterson 390 U.S. 102 (1968) indispensable parties under the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure
Albrecht v. Herald Co. 390 U.S. 145 (1968) minimum price agreements between wholesalers and franchisees unlawful under the Sherman Act
Avery v. Midland County 390 U.S. 474 (1968) local government districts must conform to "one man, one vote"
Ginsberg v. New York 390 U.S. 629 (1968) States can prohibit sale of obscene material to minors
Levy v. Louisiana 391 U.S. 68 (1968) An illegitimate child may still sue on behalf of a deceased parent; to deny them this right violates the Fourteenth Amendment
邓肯诉路易斯安那州案 391 U.S. 145 (1968) selective incorporation, trial by jury
United States v. O'Brien 391 U.S. 367 (1968) free speech, burning draft cards
Menominee Tribe v. United States 391 U.S. 404 (1968) Tribal hunting and fishing rights, treaty interpretation
Green v. County School Board of New Kent County 391 U.S. 430 (1968) "freedom-of-choice" desegregation plan held unconstitutional
Witherspoon v. Illinois 391 U.S. 510 (1968) constitutional status of a death-qualified jury
Pickering v. Board of Education 391 U.S. 563 (1968) public employees' free speech rights
Terry v. Ohio 392 U.S. 1 (1968) search and seizure, power of police to stop and frisk suspicious persons
弗拉斯特诉科恩案 392 U.S. 83 (1968) taxpayer standing
United States v. Southwestern Cable Co. 392 U.S. 157 (1968) Administrative law
King v. Smith 392 U.S. 309 (1968) Aid to Families with Dependent Children cannot be denied to families of qualifying children based on a substitute father
Mancusi v. DeForte 392 U.S. 364 (1968) Fourth Amendment allows reasonable expectation of privacy to exist at workplace
Jones v. Mayer 392 U.S. 409 (1968) housing discrimination
埃珀森诉阿肯色州案 393 U.S. 97 (1968) religiously motivated state law prohibiting the teaching of evolution in publicly funded schools
Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District 393 U.S. 503 (1969) freedom of speech in public schools
舒特尔斯沃诉伯明翰案 394 U.S. 147 (1969) overbreadth of local ordinance used by city officials to ban civil rights march
Stanley v. Georgia 394 U.S. 557 (1969) private possession of obscene material protected under First Amendment
Street v. New York 394 U.S. 576 (1969) free speech and flag burning
夏皮罗诉汤普森案 394 U.S. 618 (1969) 旅游权
利里诉合众国案 395 U.S. 6 (1969) Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 ruled unconstitutional under the Fifth Amendment
红狮广播公司诉联邦电信交通委员会案 395 U.S. 367 (1969) Fairness Doctrine,广播权,演讲自由
勃兰登堡诉俄亥俄州案 395 U.S. 444 (1969) freedom of speech, incitement to riot
鲍威尔诉麦科马克案 395 U.S. 486 (1969) political question doctrine, justiciability
Kramer v. Union School District 395 U.S. 621 (1969) right to vote in a special election district
Lear, Inc. v. Adkins 395 U.S. 653 (1969) overturning the doctrine of licensee estoppel in U.S. patent law
Chimel v. California 395 U.S. 752 (1969) search and seizure incident to arrest
伯顿诉马里兰州案 395 U.S. 784 (1969) double jeopardy