法蘭克·奈特

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法蘭克·奈特
出生Frank Hyneman Knight
(1885-11-07)1885年11月7日
McLean County, Illinois
逝世1972年4月15日(1972歲-04-15)(86歲)
芝加哥
研究机构康乃爾大學
芝加哥大學
University of Iowa
研究领域Risk theory
Profit theory
Value theory
学派芝加哥學派
母校Milligan College
University of Tennessee
康乃爾大學
博士導師Allyn A. Young
Alvin S. Johnson
博士生米爾頓·佛利民
乔治·斯蒂格勒
Charles E. Lindblom
詹姆斯·M·布坎南
受影响于Clarence Edwin Ayres
John Bates Clark
Herbert J. Davenport
影响于罗纳德·科斯
張五常
乔治·斯蒂格勒
米爾頓·佛利民
詹姆斯·M·布坎南
Charles E. Lindblom
大卫·洛克菲勒
Henry Simons
贡献奈特氏不確定性
奖项Francis A. Walker Medal (1957)

法蘭克·海克曼·奈特(英語:Frank Hyneman Knight,1885年11月7日-1972年4月15日),生於美國伊利諾州麥克萊恩縣,經濟學家,曾提出奈特氏不確定性芝加哥大學教授,為芝加哥學派的先驅與建立者之一。

生平[编辑]

他在康乃爾大學取得經濟學博士學位。由博士論文,他發展出他的成名作《風險、不確定性與利潤》(Risk, Uncertainty, and Profit)。

取得學位後,他長期在芝加哥大學經濟系任教,被認為是芝加哥經濟學派的壂基者之一。其學生中,包括米爾頓·佛利民喬治·斯蒂格勒詹姆斯·麥基爾·布坎南等人皆是諾貝爾獎得主。罗纳德·科斯雖然不是他的學生,但曾說過他的思想受到法蘭克·奈特作品的影響很大。

1950年,擔任美國經濟學會主席。

著作[编辑]

  • "The Concept of Normal Price in Value and Distribution", 1917, QJE.
  • "Cassel's Theoretische Sozialökonomie", 1921, JPE.
  • "Risk, Uncertainty, and Profit", 1921
  • "Ethics and the Economic Interpretation", 1922, QJE (repr. in 1999, I)
  • "The Ethics of Competition", 1923, QJE (repr. in 1999, I)
  • "Business Management: Science or Art?", 1923 Journal of Business.
  • "Some Fallacies in the Interpretation of Social Cost", 1924, QJE (repr. in 1999, I)
  • "The Limitations of Scientific Method in Economics", 1924, in Tugwell, editor, Trend of Economics (repr. in 1999, I)
  • "Fact and Metaphysics in Economic Psychology", 1925, AER (repr. in 1999, I)
  • "A Note on Professor Clark's Illustration of Marginal Productivity", 1925, JPE.
  • "Economic Psychology and the Value Problem", 1925, QJE.
  • "Economics at its Best: Review of Pigou", 1926, AER.
  • "Historical and Theoretical Issues in the Problem of Modern Capitalism", 1928, Journal of Econ & Business History (repr. in 1956 & 1999, I)
  • "A Suggestion for Simplifying the Statement of the General Theory of Price", 1928, JPE.
  • "Freedom as Fact and Criterion", 1929, Int J of Ethics
  • "Statics and Dynamics: Some queries regarding the mechanical analogy in economics", 1930, ZfN (repr. in 1956 & 1999, I)
  • "Professor Fisher's Interest Theory: A case in point", 1931, JPE.
  • "Modern Economic Society Further Considered", 1932, JPE.
  • "The Newer Economics and the Control of Economic Activity", 1932, JPE (repr. in 1999, I)
  • The Economic Organization, 1933.
  • "Capitalistic Production, Time and the Rate of Return", 1933, in Essays in Honor of Gustav Cassel (repr. in 1999, I)
  • "The Nature of Economic Science in Some Recent Discussion", 1934, AER.
  • "Social Science and the Political Trend", 1934, Univ of Toronto Quarterly
  • "Common-Sense of Political Economy: Wicksteed Reprinted", 1934, JPE (repr. in 1956)
  • The Ethics of Competition and Other Essays, 1935.
  • "The Ricardian Theory of Production and Distribution", 1935, Canadian JE (repr. in 1956 & 1999, I)
  • "A Comment on Machlup", 1935, JPE.
  • "Professor Hayek and the Theory of Investment", 1935, EJ.
  • "The Theory of Investment Once More: Mr. Boulding and the Austrians", 1935, QJE.
  • "Some Issues in the Economics of Stationary States", 1936, AER.
  • "The Place of Marginal Economics in a Collectivist System", 1936, AER.
  • "The Quantity of Capital and the Rate of Interest", 1936, JPE (repr. in 1999, I)
  • "Pragmatism and Social Action: Review of Dewey", 1936, Int J of Ethics
  • "Note on Dr. Lange's Interest Theory", 1937, RES.
  • "Unemployment: and Mr. Keynes's revolution in economic theory", 1937, Canadian JE (repr. in 1999, I)
  • "On the Theory of Capital: In reply to Mr. Kaldor", 1938, Econometrica.
  • "Bertrand Russell on Power", 1939, Ethics.
  • "The Ethics of Liberalism", 1939, Economica.
  • "Socialism: The Nature of the Problem", 1940, Ethics (repr. in 1999, II)
  • "'What is Truth' in Economics", 1940, JPE (repr. in 1956 & 1999, I)
  • "The Significance and Basic Postulates of Economics: a rejoinder", 1941, JPE
  • "Religion and Ethics in Modern Civilization", 1941, J of Liberal Religion
  • "The Meaning of Democracy: its politico-economic structure and ideals", 1941, J of Negro Education
  • "Social Science", 1941, Ethics (repr. in 1956)
  • "The Business Cycle, Interest and Money: A methodological approach", 1941, REStat (repr. in 1956 & 1999, II)
  • "Professor Mises and the Theory of Capital", 1941, Economica.
  • "The Role of the Individual in the Economic World of the Future", 1941, JPE.
  • "Anthropology and Economics", 1941, JPE.
  • "Science, Philosophy and Social Procedure", 1942, Ethics
  • "Fact and Value in Social Science", 1942, in Anshen, editor, Science and Man
  • "Some Notes on the Economic Interpretation of History", 1942, Studies in the History of Culture (repr. in 1999, II)
  • "Social Causation", 1943, American Journal of Sociology (repr. in 1956)
  • "Diminishing Returns Under Investment", 1944, JPE.
  • "Realism and Relevance in the Theory of Demand", 1944, JPE (repr. in 1999, II)
  • "The Rights of Man and Natural Law", 1944, Ethics (repr. in 1999, II)
  • "Human Nature and World Democracy", 1944, American J of Sociology.
  • "Economics, Political Science and Education", 1944, AER
  • The Economic Order and Religion, with T.W. Merriam, 1945.
  • "Immutable Law in Economics: Its reality and limitations", 1946, AER.
  • "The Sickness of Liberal Society", 1946, Ethics (repr. in 1999, II)
  • "Salvation by Science: The gospel according to Professor Lundberg", 1947, JPE (repr. in 1956)
  • Freedom and Reform: Essays in economics and social philosophy, 1947.
  • "Free Society: Its basic nature and problem", 1948, Philosophical Review (repr. in 1956)
  • "The Role of Principles in Economics and Politics", 1951, AER (repr. in 1956 & 1999, II)
  • "Institutionalism and Empiricism in Economics", 1952, AER.
  • On the History and Methods of Economics: Selected essays, 1956, ISBN 978-0-226-44689-9.
  • Intelligence and Democratic Action, 1960.
  • "Methodology in Economics", 1961, Southern EJ
  • "Abstract Economics as Absolute Ethics", 1966, Ethics.
  • "Laissez Faire: Pro and con", 1967, JPE (repr. in 1999, II)
  • "The Case for Communism: From the Standpoint of an Ex-liberal." (published posthumously) in Research in the History of Economic Thought and Methodology, edited by Warren J. Samuels, archival supplement 2 (1991): 57–108.
  • Selected Essays by Frank H. Knight, Volume 1: "What is Truth" in Economics?, (ed. by Ross B. Emmett), 1999, ISBN 978-0-226-44695-0
  • Selected Essays by Frank H. Knight, Volume 2: Laissez Faire: Pro and Con, (ed. by Ross B. Emmett), 1999, ISBN 978-0-226-44697-4

延伸阅读[编辑]