波羅的-斯拉夫語族

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Balto-Slavic
地理分佈: 東歐, 南歐和北歐
谱系学分类 印歐語系
  • Balto-Slavic
原始語言: 原巴尔托 - 斯拉夫语
分支:
Balto Slavic countries.svg
官方語言
  東斯拉夫語
  西斯拉夫語
  南斯拉夫語
  (東)波羅的語

波羅的-斯拉夫語族(Baltic-Slavic language)是印歐語系波羅的語族斯拉夫語族的合稱。波羅的語族的語言和斯拉夫語族的語言共同點較多,兩者較為接近。但波羅的諸語和斯拉夫諸語是否是同一語族,目前仍然有爭議[1][2][3]

參考資料[编辑]

  1. ^ Balto-Slavic languages. Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. [2015-6]. Those scholars who accept the Balto-Slavic hypothesis attribute the large number of close similarities in the vocabulary, grammar, and sound systems of the Baltic and Slavic languages to development from a common ancestral language after the breakup of Proto-Indo-European. Those scholars who reject the hypothesis believe that the similarities are the result of parallel development and of mutual influence during a long period of contact. 
  2. ^ Kortlandt, Frederik, Baltica & Balto-Slavica: 5, 2009, Though Prussian is undoubtedly closer to the East Baltic languages than to Slavic, the characteristic features of the Baltic languages seem to be either retentions or results of parallel development and cultural interaction. Thus I assume that Balto-Slavic split into three identifiable branches, each of which followed its own course of development. 
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick, Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon: 20, 2008, "I am not convinced that it is justified to reconstruct a Proto-Baltic stage. The term Proto-Baltic is used for convenience’s sake.