泰国鸟类列表

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The Siamese fireback is the national bird of Thailand.

截至2019年,泰国鸟类列表包括1076种鸟类。其中,100多种是稀有或迷路的,6种是人类引进的,8种已经部分灭绝。该国有72个物种受到全球威胁。[1]

泰国的鸟类主要是典型的印度马来亚地区的鸟类,与西边的印度次大陆有亲缘关系,特别是在泰国南部,与东南的巽他动物群有亲缘关系。北部山区是青藏高原的外围,有许多山地鸟类,冬季,来自东部古北区和喜马拉雅山的移民增加了鸟类群。泰国的生境与邻国的生境相邻,这也是泰国特有物种数量少的原因。

1991年,据估计,有159种常住物种和23种迁徙物种由于森林砍伐、非法采伐、狩猎和生境退化而处于濒危或脆弱状态,特别是在低地。受影响最严重的物种是大型水鸟,它们的湿地生境大部分已被农业所取代,还有森林物种,由于为农业和林业而砍伐森林,使部分林地消失和退化。[2]

本列表的分类处理(目、科、种的称号和顺序)和命名法(英文名和学名)为《世界鸟类一览表》2019年版。[3]意外、引进、灭绝等称号,以及 "极度濒危 "等世界性种群状况注释,均来自《世界鸟类一览表》。没有标明状态的物种是常驻或部分常驻的非稀有物种。[2][4]

鸭子、鹅和水鸟[编辑]

雁形目   鸭科

鸭科包括鸭子和大多数鸭类水禽,如鹅和天鹅。这些鸟类适应于水生生存,脚有蹼,喙扁平,羽毛因有油性涂层而善于脱水。

一只雄性侏儒鹅
通用名称 二名法 状态
栗树鸭 Dendrocygna javanica
斑头雁 Anser indicus 非常罕见的冬候鸟
灰雁 Anser anser 部分灭绝
鸿雁 Anser cygnoides 部分灭绝
白额雁 Anser albifrons 部分灭绝
瘤鸭 Sarkidiornis melanotos 罕见留鸟
赤麻鸭 Tadorna ferruginea 罕见冬候鸟
翘鼻麻鸭 Tadorna tadorna 非常罕见的冬候鸟
棉鳧 Nettapus coromandelianus
鸳鸯 Aix galericulata 部分灭绝
花脸鸭 Sibirionetta formosa 部分灭绝
白眉鸭 Spatula querquedula 冬候鸟
琵嘴鸭 Spatula clypeata 冬候鸟
赤膀鸭 Mareca strepera 非常罕见的冬候鸟
赤颈鸭 Mareca falcata
罗纹鸭 Mareca penelope 冬候鸟
斑嘴鸭 Anas poecilorhyncha 罕见冬候鸟
中華斑嘴鴨 Anas zonorhyncha 罕见冬候鸟
绿头鸭 Anas platyrhynchos
针尾鸭 Anas acuta 冬候鸟
绿翅鸭 Anas crecca 冬候鸟
白翅棲鴨 Asarcornis scutulata 非常罕见的留鸟,濒危
赤嘴潜鸭 Netta rufina 非常罕见的冬候鸟
红头潜鸭 Aythya ferina 非常罕见的冬候鸟
白眼潜鸭 Aythya nyroca 罕见冬候鸟
青头潜鸭 Aythya baeri 罕见的冬候鸟,极危
凤头潜鸭 Aythya fuligula 罕见冬候鸟
斑背潜鸭 Aythya marila 部分灭绝
长尾鸭 Clangula hyemalis 部分灭绝
中华秋沙鸭 Mergus squamatus 部分灭绝,濒临灭绝

雉鸡、松鸡及其亲缘动物[编辑]

鸡形目   雉科

雉鸡科是由鹌鹑、鹧鸪、雪鸡、乳鸽、飞禽、三角雉、单鸟、雉鸡、孔雀和丛林鸡组成的陆生鸟类。一般来说,它们体型丰满(虽然大小不一),翅膀宽大,相对较短。

由于森林砍伐,马来亚孔雀雉容易灭绝。
通用名称 学名 状态
銹紅林鷓鴣 Caloperdix oculeus
冠鹧鸪 Rollulus rouloul
红喉山鹧鸪 Arborophila rufogularis
马来西亚鹧鸪 Arborophila campbelli
褐胸山鹧鸪 Arborophila brunneopectus
栗头山鹧鸪 Arborophila cambodiana
绿脚山鹧鸪 Arborophila chloropus
栗胸山鹧鸪 Arborophila charltonii
長嘴山鶉 Rhizothera longirostris
大眼斑雉 Argusianus argus
绿孔雀 Pavo muticus 濒危
鳳冠孔雀雉 Polyplectron malacense
山孔雀雉 Polyplectron inopinatum 部分灭绝
灰孔雀雉 Polyplectron bicalcaratum
蓝胸鹑 Synoicus chinesis
日本鵪鶉 Coturnix japonica 非常罕见的冬候鸟
鹌鹑 Coturnix coturnix
雨鹌 Coturnix coromandelica
中華鷓鴣 Francolinus pintadeanus
棕胸竹鸡 Bambusicola fytchii
原雞 Gallus gallus
黑颈长尾雉 Syrmaticus humiae 罕见
白鹇 Lophura nycthemera
黑鹇 Lophura leucomelanos
戴氏鷴 Lophura diardi
鳳冠火背鷴 Lophura ignita 罕见

火烈鸟[编辑]

火烈鸟目   火烈鸟科

火烈鸟是喜怒无常的涉禽,通常高3至5英尺(0.9至1.5米),在西半球和东半球都有发现。火烈鸟以贝类和藻类为滤食。它们奇形怪状的喙经过特殊改造,可以将泥沙从它们食用的食物中分离出来,而且独特的是,它们的喙是倒立着使用的。

俗名 二名法 状态
大红鹳 Phoenicopterus roseus 部分灭绝

鸊鷉[编辑]

:鸊鷉目   鸊鷉科 鸊鷉是小型至中大型淡水潜水鸟类。它们有浅浅的脚趾,是优秀的游泳者和潜水者。它们的脚被放置在身体的后面,使它们在陆地上相当不雅观。

处于非繁殖期的小鸊鷉。
俗名 二名法 状态
小鸊鷉 Tachybaptus ruficollis
角鸊鷉 Podiceps auritus 部分灭绝
鳳頭鷿鷈 Podiceps cri状态 非常罕见的冬候鸟
黑頸鸊鷉 Podiceps nigricollis 部分灭绝

鸽子和斑鸠[编辑]

鸽形目   鸠鸽科

鸽子和斑鸠是体型粗壮的鸟类,颈部短小,喙细长,有肉糜。

帝王鸽在泰国沿海森林当地很常见。
俗名 二名法 状态
原鸽 Columba livia 由于与野鸽的杂交,泰国的纯种鸽子已经很少了[4]
点斑林鸽 Columba hodgsonii
灰林鸽 Columba pulchricollis
紫林鸽 Columba punicea Rare, uncertain 状态
山斑鸠 Streptopelia orientalis
火斑鸠 Streptopelia tranquebarica
珠颈斑鸠 Streptopelia chinensis
斑尾鹃鸠 Macropygia unchall
棕头鹃鸠 Macropygia ruficeps
绿翅金鸠 Chalcophaps indica
斑姬地鸠 Geopelia striata Native in south, introduced to central Thailand[5]
綠蓑鳩 Caloenas nicobarica Rare
小绿鸠 Treron olax Rare
红颈绿鸠 Treron vernans
棕头绿鸠 Treron fulvicollis
橙胸绿鸠 Treron bicinctus
灰头绿鸠 Treron phayrei
厚嘴绿鸠 Treron curvirostra
大绿鸠 Treron capellei Rare
黄脚绿鸠 Treron phoenicopterus
白腹针尾绿鸠 Treron seimundi Very rare
针尾绿鸠 Treron apicauda
楔尾绿鸠 Treron sphenurus
红翅绿鸠 Treron sieboldii Very rare
粉頭果鳩 Ptilinopus jambu
绿皇鸠 Ducula aenea
山皇鸠 Ducula badia
斑皇鸠 Ducula bicolor

杜鹃[编辑]

鹃形目杜鹃科

杜鹃科包括杜鹃、走鹃和犀鹃。这些鸟大小不一,身体细长,尾巴长,腿部强壮。许多旧大陆的杜鹃种类都是育雏寄生。

俗名 二名法 状态
瑞氏红嘴杜鹃 Carpococcyx renauldi
短脚鸦鹃 Centropus rectunguis Accidental
褐翅鸦鹃 Centropus sinensis
小鸦鹃 Centropus bengalensis
棕胸地鹃 Rhinortha chlorophaea
红嘴地鹃 Zanclostomus javanicus
栗胸地鹃 Phaenicophaeus curvirostris
棕腹地鹃 Phaenicophaeus sumatranus
黑腹地鹃 Phaenicophaeus diardi
绿嘴地鹃 Phaenicophaeus tristis
红翅凤头鹃 Clamator coromandus Summer visitor and on passage
斑翅凤头鹃 Clamator jacobinus
噪鹃 Eudynamys scolopaceus
翠金鹃 Chrysococcyx maculatus Resident and winter visitor
紫金鹃 Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus
棕胸金鹃 Chrysococcyx minutillus
栗斑杜鹃 Cacomantis sonneratii
八声杜鹃 Cacomantis merulinus
灌丛杜鹃 Cacomantis variolosus
叉尾乌鹃 Surniculus dicruroides
乌鹃 Surniculus lugubris
小鹰鹃 Hierococcyx vagans
鹰鹃 Hierococcyx sparverioides
婆罗鹰鹃 Hierococcyx bocki
普通鹰鹃 Hierococcyx varius
棕腹鹰鹃 Hierococcyx nisicolor
棕腹杜鹃 Hierococcyx fugax
小杜鹃 Cuculus poliocephalus Very rare
四声杜鹃 Cuculus micropterus
喜馬拉雅中杜鵑 Cuculus saturatus
巽他中杜鹃 Cuculus lepidus
大杜鹃 Cuculus canorus Uncertain 状态

蟆口鸱[编辑]

夜鹰目蟆口鸱科

蟆口鸱是与夜叉鸟有关的一类夜行鸟类。它们因其扁平的钩状大喙和巨大的蟆口而得名,它们用蟆口取食昆虫。

俗名 二名法 状态
大蟆口鸱 Batrachostomus auritus Very rare
鳞腹蟆口鸱 Batrachostomus stellatus Rare
黑顶蛙口鸱 Batrachostomus hodgsoni
星喉蟆口鸱 Batrachostomus affinis

夜鹰及其近亲[编辑]

夜鹰目夜鹰科

夜鹰是中型的地栖夜行鸟类,翅膀长,腿短,喙很短。大多数有小的脚,几乎没有用于行走,和长尖的翅膀。它们柔软的羽毛被伪装成类似树皮或树叶的样子。

俗名 二名法 状态
马来毛腿夜鹰 Lyncornis temminckii
毛腿夜鹰 Lyncornis macrotis
日本夜鹰 Caprimulgus jotaka Winter visitor, breeds in mountains
长尾夜鹰 Caprimulgus macrurus
印度夜鹰 Caprimulgus asiaticus
林夜鹰 Caprimulgus affinis

燕雀[编辑]

夜鹰目雨燕科

燕子是一种小型鸟类,它们一生中大部分时间都在飞行。这些鸟儿的腿很短,从不主动落地,而是只在垂直表面栖息。许多燕子有长长的回旋翼,像新月形或回旋镖。

家燕是泰国常见的留鸟
俗名 二名法 状态
银腰针尾雨燕 Rhaphidura leucopygialis
白喉針尾雨燕 Hirundapus caudacutus Rare migrant
灰喉针尾雨燕 Hirundapus cochinchinensis Uncertain 状态
褐背针尾雨燕 Hirundapus giganteus
毛趾金丝燕 Collocalia affinis Rare
短嘴金丝燕 Aerodramus brevirostris Breeds in highlands, winter visitor elsewhere
大金丝燕 Aerodramus maximus
爪哇金丝燕 Aerodramus fuciphagus
戈氏金丝燕 Aerodramus germani
普通楼燕 Apus apus Accidental
白腰雨燕 Apus pacificus Winter visitor, some breed
印支白腰雨燕 Apus cooki
暗背雨燕 Apus acuticauda Very rare winter visitor
家雨燕 Apus nipalensis
棕雨燕 Cypsiurus balasiensis

树燕[编辑]

雨燕目凤头雨燕科

树燕又称凤头燕,与真燕关系密切。它们与真燕不同的是,它们有凤头,长叉的尾巴,羽毛柔软。

俗名 二名法 状态
凤头树燕 Hemiprocne coronata
灰腰雨燕 Hemiprocne longipennis
小须凤头雨燕 Hemiprocne comata

秧鸡、水鸡和骨顶[编辑]

鹤形目秧鸡科

秧鸡科是一个小型到中型鸟类科,其中包括轨道秧鸡、田鸡、骨顶和水鸡。通常他们居住在湖泊、沼泽或河流附近的潮湿环境中的茂密植被。在一般情况下,他们是害羞和秘密的鸟类,使他们很难观察。大多数物种有强壮的腿和长脚趾,这是很好的适应柔软的不平整的表面。他们往往有短,圆形的翅膀,似乎是弱的飞行者。

白胸水鸡是泰国很常见的留鸟
俗名 二名法 状态
普通秧鸡 Rallus indicus Winter visitor
灰胸紋秧雞 Lewinia striata
斑胸田鸡 Porzana porzana Very rare winter visitor
黑水鸡 Gallinula chloropus
骨顶鸡 Fulica atra Winter visitor
灰頭紫水雞 Porphyrio poliocephalus
董鸡 Gallicrex cinerea Summer visitor and resident
白腹秧雞 Amaurornis phoenicurus
白眉田雞 Porzana cinerea
红腿斑秧鸡 Rallina fasciata
白喉斑秧鸡 Rallina eurizonoides Rare, mainly winter visitor
红胸田鸡 Zapornia fusca
[斑胁田鸡]] Zapornia paykullii Accidental
小田鸡 Zapornia pusilla Winter visitor
棕背田鸡 Zapornia bicolor Rare

鳍趾䴘[编辑]

鹤形目日鷉科

日鷉科是热带鸟类的小科,脚上有蹼叶,类似于鸊鷉和骨顶。

俗名 二名法 状态
亚洲鳍趾䴘 Heliopais personatus Winter visitor and passage migrant, endangered

[编辑]

鹤形目鹤科

鹤是大型的、长腿的、长脖子的鸟类。鹤不像形似却毫不相干的苍鹭,它们飞行时脖子是伸展的,而不是向后拉。大多数都有精心制作而吵闹的求爱表演或“舞会”。

俗名 二名法 状态
蓑羽鹤 Anthropoides virgo Accidental
赤颈鹤 Antigone antigone Extirpated
灰鹤 Grus grus Accidental

石鸻[编辑]

鸻形目石鸻科

石鸻在全世界热带地区内均有分布,有些种类也在温带的欧洲和澳大利亚繁殖。它们是中型到大型的涉禽,有强壮的黑色或黄黑色的喙,黄色的大眼睛,以及隐秘的羽毛。尽管被归为涉禽,但大多数种类都喜欢在干旱或半干旱的生境中生活。

俗名 二名法 状态
印度石鸻 Burhinus indicus
大石鸻 Esacus recurvirostris
石鸻 Esacus magnirostris Rare and local

长脚鹬和反嘴鹬[编辑]

鸻形目反嘴鹬科

反嘴鹬科是一个大型涉禽的家族,其中包括长脚鹬和反嘴鹬。反嘴鹬有长长的腿和长长的上弯的喙。长脚鹬有极长的腿和长、薄、直的喙。

The black-winged stilt is common in wetlands.
俗名 二名法 状态
黑翅长脚鹬 Himantopus himantopus Resident and winter visitor
反嘴鹬 Recurvirostra avosetta Accidental

蛎鹬[编辑]

鸻形目   蛎鹬科

蛎鹬是一种大而嘈杂的鸻类鸟类,其强壮的喙用于砸碎或刺开软体动物。

俗名 二名法 状态
蛎鹬 Haematopus ostralegus Accidental

鸻和麦鸡[编辑]

鸻形目   鸻科

夏拉季科包括鸻、点头鸟和枭鸟。他们是小型到中型鸟类,身体紧凑,短粗的脖子,和长,通常是尖的翅膀。它们分布在世界各地的开阔地带,大多在靠近水的栖息地。

黑腹鸻是泰国常见的冬候鸟
俗名 二名法 状态
灰斑鸻 Pluvialis squatarola Winter visitor
太平洋金斑鸻 Pluvialis fulva Winter visitor
凤头麦鸡 Vanellus vanellus Rare winter visitor
距翅麦鸡 Vanellus duvaucelii
灰头麦鸡 Vanellus cinereus Winter visitor
肉垂麦鸡 Vanellus indicus
蒙古沙鸻 Charadrius mongolus Winter visitor
铁嘴沙鸻 Charadrius leschenaultii Winter visitor
马来鸻 Charadrius peronii
环颈鸻 Charadrius alexandrinus Winter visitor
剑鸻 Charadrius hiaticula Accidental
长嘴剑鸻 Charadrius placidus Rare winter visitor
金眶鸻 Charadrius dubius Winter visitor
东方鸻 Charadrius veredus Accidental

彩鹬[编辑]

鸻形目   彩鹬科

彩鹬是短腿长嘴的鸟类,形状类似于真正的鹬类,但颜色更鲜艳。

彩鹬是少数几种雌鸟(如图)比雄鸟更亮的鸟种之一[2]
俗名 二名法 状态
彩鹬 Rostratula benghalensis

雉鸻[编辑]

鸻形目   雉鸻科

jacanas是一种在整个热带地区发现的涉水动物。它们可以通过巨大的脚和爪子来识别,这使它们能够在它们喜欢的栖息地--浅水湖泊中的浮动植物上行走。

俗名 二名法 状态
水雉 Hydrophasianus chirurgus Winter visitor and resident
铜翅水雉 Metopidius indicus

鹬及其近亲[编辑]

鸻形目   鹬科

Scolopacidae is a large diverse family of small to medium-sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers, and phalaropes. The majority of these species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Variation in length of legs and bills enables multiple species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food.

The red-necked stint is a very common winter visitor of Thailand.
俗名 二名法 状态
中杓鹬 Numenius phaeopus Winter visitor
小杓鹬 Numenius minutus Very rare passage migrant
大杓鹬 Numenius madagascariensis Rare passage migrant, endangered
白腰杓鹬 Numenius arquata Winter visitor
斑尾塍鹬 Limosa lapponica Winter visitor
黑尾塍鹬 Limosa limosa Winter visitor
翻石鹬 Arenaria interpres Winter visitor
大滨鹬 Calidris tenuirostris Mainly passage migrant, endangered
红腹滨鹬 Calidris canutus Winter visitor
流苏鹬 Calidris pugnax Winter and passage visitor
阔嘴鹬 Calidris falcinellus Winter visitor
尖尾滨鹬 Calidris acuminata Very rare winter visitor
弯嘴滨鹬 Calidris ferruginea Winter visitor
青脚滨鹬 Calidris temminckii Winter visitor
长趾滨鹬 Calidris subminuta Winter visitor
勺嘴鹬 Calidris pygmaea Rare on passage and in winter, critically endangered[6]
红颈滨鹬 Calidris ruficollis Common winter visitor
三趾鹬 Calidris alba Winter visitor
黑腹滨鹬 Calidris alpina Rare winter visitor
小濱鷸 Calidris minuta Rare in winter
美洲尖尾濱鷸 Calidris melanotos Accidental
半蹼鹬 Limnodromus semipalmatus Rare on passage
长嘴半蹼鹬 Limnodromus scolopaceus Accidental
姬鹬 Lymnocryptes minimus Rare winter visitor
丘鹬 Scolopax rusticola Winter visitor
Wood snipe Gallinago nemoricola Very rare winter visitor
扇尾沙锥 Gallinago gallinago Winter visitor
針尾田鷸 Gallinago stenura Winter visitor
中田鹬 Gallinago megala Very rare winter visitor
翹嘴鷸 Xenus cinereus Winter visitor
红颈瓣蹼鹬 Phalaropus lobatus Rare in winter or on passage
灰瓣蹼鹬 Phalaropus fulicarius Rare in winter or on passage
矶鹬 Actitis hypoleucos Winter visitor
白腰草鹬 Tringa ochropus Winter visitor
灰尾漂鹬 Tringa brevipes Rare on passage
鹤鹬 Tringa erythropus Winter visitor
青脚鹬 Tringa nebularia Winter visitor
小青脚鹬 Tringa guttifer Rare winter visitor, endangered
泽鹬 Tringa stagnatilis Winter visitor
林鹬 Tringa glareola Winter visitor
红脚鹬 Tringa totanus Winter visitor

三趾鹑[编辑]

鸻形目   三趾鹑科

The buttonquail are small, drab, running birds which resemble the true quails. The female is the brighter of the sexes and initiates courtship. The male incubates the eggs and tends the young.

The barred buttonquail is a common resident of Thailand.
俗名 二名法 状态
林三趾鹑 Turnix sylvaticus
黄脚三趾鹑 Turnix tanki
棕三趾鹑 Turnix suscitator

蟹鸻[编辑]

鸻形目   蟹鸻科

The crab-plover is related to the waders, but is the only member of its family. It resembles a plover but has very long grey legs and a strong black bill similar to that of a tern. It has black-and-white plumage, a long neck, partially webbed feet, and a bill designed for eating crabs.

俗名 二名法 状态
蟹鸻 Dromas ardeola Rare but annual in winter

燕鸻和走鸻[编辑]

鸻形目   燕鸻科

Glareolidae is a family of wading birds comprising the pratincoles, which have short legs, long pointed wings, and long forked tails, and the coursers, which have long legs, short wings, and long, pointed bills which curve downwards.

The small pratincole is a wader that hunts insects in flight.
俗名 二名法 状态
Collared pratincole Glareola pratincola Accidental
普通燕鸻 Glareola maldivarum Summer visitor
灰燕鸻 Glareola lactea Resident and winter visitor

贼鸥[编辑]

鸻形目   贼鸥科

The family Stercorariidae are, in general, medium to large birds, typically with grey or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. They nest on the ground in temperate and arctic regions and are long-distance migrants.

俗名 二名法 状态
棕贼鸥 Stercorarius pomarinus Winter visitor
短尾贼鸥 Stercorarius parasiticus Rare winter visitor
长尾贼鸥 Stercorarius longicaudus

海鸥、燕鸥和撇嘴鹬[编辑]

鸻形目   鸥科

Laridae is a family of medium to large seabirds, the gulls, terns, and skimmers. They are typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet. Terns are a group of generally medium to large seabirds typically with grey or white plumage, often with black markings on the head. Most terns hunt fish by diving but some pick insects off the surface of fresh water. Terns are generally long-lived birds, with several species known to live in excess of 30 years. Skimmers are a small family of tropical tern-like birds. They have an elongated lower mandible which they use to feed by flying low over the water surface and skimming the water for small fish.

Heuglin's gull is an uncommon winter visitor of Thailand.
The whiskered tern is a very common winter visitor of Thailand.
俗名 二名法 状态
三趾鸥 Rissa tridactyla Accidental
Sabine's gull Xema sabini Accidental
细嘴鸥 Chroicocephalus genei Very rare winter visitor
红嘴鸥 Chroicocephalus ridibundus Winter visitor
棕头鸥 Chroicocephalus brunnicephalus Rare winter visitor
小鸥 Hydrocoloeus minutus Accidental
Sooty gull Ichthyaetus hemprichii Accidental
渔鸥 Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus Very rare winter visitor
黑尾鸥 Larus crassirostris Very rare winter visitor
海鸥 Larus canus Accidental
银鸥 Larus argentatus
黄脚银鸥 Larus cachinnans Accidental
小黑背鸥 Larus fuscus Accidental
灰背鸥 Larus schistisagus Accidental
白顶玄鸥 Anous stolidus
乌燕鸥 Onychoprion fuscatus
褐翅燕鸥 Onychoprion anaethetus
白腰燕鸥 Onychoprion aleuticus Accidental
白额燕鸥 Sternula albifrons
鸥嘴燕鸥 Gelochelidon nilotica Winter visitor
红嘴巨鸥 Hydroprogne caspia Winter visitor
白翅黑浮鸥 Chlidonias leucopterus Winter visitor
须浮鸥 Chlidonias hybrida
红燕鸥 Sterna dougallii
黑枕燕鸥 Sterna sumatrana
普通燕鸥 Sterna hirundo Winter visitor
黑腹燕鸥 Sterna acuticauda Endangered
黄嘴河燕鸥 Sterna aurantia
大凤头燕鸥 Thalasseus bergii
小凤头燕鸥 Thalasseus bengalensis Rare winter visitor
黑嘴端凤头燕鸥 Thalasseus bernsteini Accidental, critically endangered
Indian skimmer Rynchops albicollis

热带鸟[编辑]

鸏形目   熱帶鳥科

Tropicbirds are slender white birds of tropical oceans with exceptionally long central tail feathers. Their heads and long wings have black markings.

俗名 二名法 状态
白尾热带鸟 Phaethon lepturus Accidental
红嘴热带鸟 Phaethon aethereus Accidental
红尾热带鸟 Phaethon rubricauda Accidental

信天翁[编辑]

鹱形目   信天翁科

The albatrosses are among the largest of flying birds, and the great albatrosses of the genus Diomedea have the largest wingspans of any extant birds.

俗名 二名法 状态
黑背信天翁 Phoebastria immutabilis Accidental

Northern storm-petrels[编辑]

鹱形目   海燕科

Storm-petrels are small birds which spend most of their lives at sea, coming ashore only to breed. They feed on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering or pattering across the water. Their flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like.

俗名 二名法 状态
黑叉尾海燕 Oceanodroma monorhis Accidental

鹱和海燕[编辑]

鹱形目   Procellariidae

The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized "true petrels", characterised by united nostrils with medium septum and a long outer functional primary.

The short-tailed shearwater is a long-distance migrant occasionally recorded in Thailand.
俗名 二名法 状态
白翎海燕 Pterodroma cervicalis Accidental
大水薙鸟 Calonectris leucomelas Very rare winter visitor
曳尾鹱 Ardenna pacificus Accidental
短尾鹱 Ardenna tenuirostris Accidental

[编辑]

Ciconiiformes   鹳科

Storks are large, long-legged, long-necked, wading birds with long, stout bills. Storks are virtually mute, but bill-clattering is an important mode of communication at the nest. Their nests can be large and may be reused for many years. Many species are migratory.

The painted stork is now a rare breeder and passage migrant of Thailand.
俗名 二名法 状态
钳嘴鹳 Anastomus oscitans
黑鹳 Ciconia nigra Rare winter visitor
白颈鹳 Ciconia episcopus
Storm's stork Ciconia stormi Endangered
白鹳 Ciconia ciconia Accidental
东方白鹳 Ciconia boyciana Endangered
Black-necked stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus Extirpated
Lesser adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus Rare
Greater adjutant Leptoptilos dubius Extirpated, endangered
南美鹳 Mycteria cinerea Endangered
白头鹮鹳 Mycteria leucocephala

军舰鸟[编辑]

鲣鸟目   Fregatidae

Frigatebirds are large seabirds usually found over tropical oceans. They are large, black-and-white, or completely black, with long wings and deeply forked tails. The males have coloured inflatable throat pouches. They do not swim or walk and cannot take off from a flat surface. Having the largest wingspan-to-body-weight ratio of any bird, they are essentially aerial, able to stay aloft for more than a week.

俗名 二名法 状态
白斑军舰鸟 Fregata ariel Winter visitor
白腹军舰鸟 Fregata andrewsi Winter visitor, critically endangered
小军舰鸟 Fregata minor Rare

Boobies and gannets[编辑]

鲣鸟目   Sulidae

The gannets and boobies are medium to large coastal seabirds that plunge-dive for fish.

俗名 二名法 状态
蓝脸鲣鸟 Sula dactylatra
褐鲣鸟 Sula leucogaster Rare visitor, formerly bred
红脚鲣鸟 Sula sula Accidental

Anhingas[编辑]

鲣鸟目   Anhingidae

Adult Oriental darters are rare visitors to Thailand.

Anhingas or darters are often called "snake-birds" because they have long thin necks, which gives a snake-like appearance when they swim with their bodies submerged. The males have black and dark-brown plumage, an erectile crest on the nape and a larger bill than the female. The females have much paler plumage, especially, on the neck and underparts. The darters have completely webbed feet and their legs are short and set far back on the body. Their plumage is somewhat permeable, like that of cormorants, and they spread their wings to dry after diving.

俗名 二名法 状态
Oriental darter Anhinga melanogaster Rare

Cormorants and shags[编辑]

鲣鸟目   Phalacrocoracidae

The little cormorant is a resident breeding species of Thailand.

The Phalacrocoracidae are a family of medium to large fish-eating birds that includes cormorants and shags. Plumage colouration varies; the majority of species have mainly dark plumage, but some are pied black and white, and a few are more colourful.

俗名 二名法 状态
黑颈鸬鹚 Microcarbo niger
普通鸬鹚 Phalacrocorax carbo
Indian cormorant Phalacrocorax fuscicollis Rare winter visitor, formerly bred

鹈鹕[编辑]

鹈形目   Pelecanidae

The spot-billed pelican, once common, is now rare.

Pelicans are large water birds with a distinctive pouch under their beak. They have webbed feet with four toes.

俗名 二名法 状态
斑嘴鹈鹕 Pelecanus philippensis Rare, probably once bred

Herons, egrets, and bitterns[编辑]

鹈形目   Ardeidae

The yellow bittern is a very common resident and winter visitor of Thailand.
The cattle egret has naturally colonised Thailand.

The family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, herons, and egrets. Herons and egrets are medium to large wading birds with long necks and legs. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more wary. Unlike other long-necked birds such as storks, ibises, and spoonbills, members of this family fly with their necks retracted.

俗名 二名法 状态
大麻𫛚 Botaurus stellaris Winter visitor
黄苇𫛚 Ixobrychus sinensis
紫背苇𫛚 Ixobrychus eurhythmus Passage migrant
栗苇𫛚 Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
黑苇𫛚 Ixobrychus flavicollis
苍鹭 Ardea cinerea Winter visitor, formerly bred
乌灰鹭 Ardea sumatrana Now very rare
草鹭 Ardea purpurea Winter visitor
大白鹭 Ardea alba
中白鹭 Ardea intermedia Winter visitor
黄嘴白鹭 Egretta eulophotes Very rare winter visitor
白鹭 Egretta garzetta
岩鹭 Egretta sacra
牛背鹭 Bubulcus ibis
Indian pond-heron Ardeola grayii
池鹭 Ardeola bacchus Winter visitor
爪哇池鹭 Ardeola speciosa
绿鹭 Butorides striata
夜鹭 Nycticorax nycticorax
黑冠麻鹭 Gorsachius melanolophus

Ibises and spoonbills[编辑]

鹈形目   Threskiornithidae

Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which comprises the ibises and spoonbills. Its members have long, broad wings with 11 primary and about 20 secondary flight feathers. They are strong fliers and, despite their size and weight, very capable soarers.

The black-faced spoonbill is a rare winter visitor of Thailand.
俗名 二名法 状态
彩鹮 Plegadis falcinellus
埃及圣鹮 Threskiornis aethiopicus Introduced species
黑头白鹮 Threskiornis melanocephalus
White-shouldered ibis Pseudibis davisoni Extirpated, critically endangered
大鹮 Pseudibis gigantea Extirpated, critically endangered
白琵鹭 Platalea leucorodia Very rare winter visitor
黑脸琵鹭 Platalea minor Very rare winter visitor, endangered


  1. ^ Lepage, Denis. Checklist of birds of Thailand. Bird Checklists of the World. Avibase. 22 December 2019 [3 February 2020]. 
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 2.2 Lekagul, Boonsong; Round, Philip. A Guide to the Birds of Thailand. Bangkok: Saha Karn Bhaet. 1991: 7–19. ISBN 974-85673-6-2. 
  3. ^ Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/ Retrieved 15 August 2019
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 Robson, Craig. A Field Guide to the Birds of Thailand. New Holland. 2004. ISBN 1-84330-921-1. 
  5. ^ Yap, Charlotte A. M.; Sodhi, Navjot S. Southeast Asian invasive birds: ecology, impact and Management (PDF). Ornithological Science. 2004, 3 (1): 57–67. doi:10.2326/osj.3.57.  已忽略未知参数|doi-access= (帮助)
  6. ^ Spoon-billed Sandpiper Eurynorhynchus pygmeus. Species factsheet. BirdLife International. [2008-03-06].