流浪的猶太人

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古斯塔夫·多雷所繪的流浪的猶太人

流浪的猶太人(wandering Jew、徘徊的猶太人)是一個神話裡长生不老的人,流浪的猶太人這個传说在13世紀開始在欧洲傳播。[1]

原來的傳說是關於一個猶太人在向被驅趕往十字架路上走的耶穌嘲弄,然後這位猶太人被詛咒在塵世行走,直到耶稣再临。這位流浪者的輕率行為性質的確在不同版本的故事中是有所不同,正如他所表現出來的品格特質一樣;有時他被說成是補鞋英语Shoemaking匠或者是其他的匠人,有時候他被說成是本丟·彼拉多房產的門衛。

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註釋[编辑]

  1. ^ as described in the first chapter of Curious Myths of the Middle Ages where Sabine Baring-Gould attributed the earliest extant mention of the myth of the Wandering Jew to Matthew Paris. The chapter began with a reference to Gustave Doré's series of twelve illustrations to the legend, and ended with a sentence remarking that, while the original legend was so 'noble in its severe simplicity' that few could develop it with success in poetry or otherwise, Doré had produced in this series 'at once a poem, a romance, and a chef-d'oeuvre of art'. First published in two parts in 1866 and 1868, the work was republished in 1877 and in many other editions.[1]

參考文獻[编辑]

  • Anderson, George K. The Legend of the Wandering Jew. Providence: Brown University Press, 1965. xi, 489 p.; reprint edition ISBN 0-87451-547-5 Collects both literary versions and folk versions.
  • Camilla Rockwood (编). Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable 18th. Edinburgh: Chambers Harrap. 2009: 1400. ISBN 9780550104113. 
  • Hasan-Rokem, Galit and Alan Dundes The Wandering Jew: Essays in the Interpretation of a Christian Legend (Bloomington:Indiana University Press) 1986. 20th-century folkloristic renderings.
  • Manning, Robert Douglas Wandering Jew and Wandering Jewess ISBN 978-1-895507-90-4
  • Gaer, Joseph (Fishman) The Legend of the Wandering Jew New American Library, 1961 (Dore illustrations) popular account.
  • Richard I. Cohen, "The "Wandering Jew" from Medieval Legend to Modern Metaphor," in Barbara Kirshenblatt-Gimblett and Jonathan Karp (eds), The Art of Being Jewish in Modern Times (Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007) (Jewish Culture and Contexts),

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