海菊蛤屬

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海菊蛤屬
Spondylus
化石時期: Mesozoic–Present
海菊蛤(S. regius)的外殼
海菊蛤S. regius)的外殼
科學分類
界: 動物界 Animalia
門: 軟體動物門 Mollusca
綱: 雙殼綱 Bivalvia
目: 海扇蛤目 Pectinoida
亞目: 海扇蛤亞目 Pectinina
總科: 海扇蛤總科 Pectinoidea
科: 海菊蛤科 Spondylidae
Gray, 1826
屬: 海菊蛤屬 Spondylus
Linnaeus, 1758

見內文

海菊蛤,又稱海菊貝紅螺車蠔,是海扇蛤目的其中一海菊蛤科Spondylidae),以及此科下唯一的海菊蛤屬Spondylus)。海菊蛤的外觀與牡蠣科相似,但其外殼帶有紅色。其殼內之肉可供食用,中國的西沙海域盛產的紅螺,特別鮮味[1]。 海菊蛤物種的型態及分佈範圍差異頗大,但牠們其實與扇貝屬於同一個總科。與牡蠣科物種黏合在岩石上不同,海菊蛤都以足絲來固定。

物種[编辑]

Pacific thorny oyster, S. crassisquama Lamark, 1819, from the Sea of Cortez, Mexico
The interior of two fossil valves of Spondylus from the Pliocene of Cyprus

Sowerby, 1847[2]

A view of the colorful mantle edges of a live thorny oyster from East Timor: The eyes can be seen on the fringe between the mantle and the shell.

參考資料[编辑]

  1. ^ 舌尖上的中國
  2. ^ 貓舌海菊蛤. 蠔宅. [2018-01-09]. 

外部連結[编辑]

參考書目[编辑]

史前歐洲[编辑]

  • F. IFANTIDIS/M. NIKOLAIDOU (eds.), 2011.Spondylus in Prehistory: New Data and Approaches. Contributions to the Archaeology of Shell Technologies (Oxford: British Archaeological Reports, Int. Ser. 2216)
  • P. HALSTEAD, 1993. Spondylus shell ornaments from late Neolithic Dimini, Greece: Specialized manufacture or unequal accumulation? Antiquity 67: 603–609.
  • Vl. PODBORSKÝ (Hrsg.), 2002. Dvĕpohřebištĕ Neolitického lidu s Lineární Keramikou ve Vedrovicích na Moravĕ (Brno, Masarykovy University Philosophy Faculty Dept. of Archaeology and Museology).
  • J. RODDEN, 1970. The Spondylus-shell trade and the beginnings of the Vinča culture. In:Actes du VIIe Congres International des Sciences Prehistoriques et Protohistoriques: 411-413 (Praha: Akademia Nauk).
  • M. L. SÉFÉRIADÈS, 2000. Spondylus gaederopus: Some observations on the earliest European long distance exchange system. In: Hiller, S. and Nikolov, V. (Hrsg.), Karanovo III: Beiträge zum Neolithikum in Südosteuropa (Wien: Phoibos Verlag) 423-437.
  • M. L. SÉFÉRIADÈS, Spondylus and Long-Distance Trade in Prehistoric Europe In: Anthony, D. W. (ed.), The Lost World of Old Europe: The Danube Valley, 5000-3500 BC. (Princeton) 179-189.
  • J. SHACKLETON/H. ELDERFIELD, 1993. Strontium isotope dating of the source of Neolithic European Spondylus shell artefacts. Antiquity 64: 312-315.
  • N. SHACKLETON/C. RENFREW, 1970. Neolithic trade routes realigned by oxygen isotope analyses. Nature 228: 1062-5.
  • H. TODOROVA, 2000. Die Spondylus-Problematik heute. In: Hiller, S. and Nikolov, V. (Hrsg.), Karanovo III: Beiträge zum Neolithikum in Südosteuropa (Wien, Phoibos Verlag) 415-422.
  • Sl. VENCL, 1959. Spondylove šperky v podunajskem Neolitů, Archeologicke Rozhledy 9: 699-742.