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溪生战役

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溪生战役越南语trận Khe Sanh陣溪生Battle of Khe Sanh),美军代号为“苏格兰行动”(Operation Scotland)和“飞马行动”(Operation Pegasus),是越南战争中爆发于越南共和国(南越)广治省西北部的一次大规模战役,时间为1968年1月到4月间。在此战役中,三个整师规模的越南人民军部队在重炮迫击炮火箭炮支援下猛烈围攻了美國第3海軍陸戰遠征軍英语III Marine Expeditionary Force越南共和国陆军驻守的溪生作戰基地英语Khe Sanh Combat Base。而美军则在优势空中火力的支援下坚守基地。激战77天后,越南人民军被击退。

名稱問題[编辑]

該地名使用罗马字母拼写的越南語中為「Khe Sanh」。由于現代越南使用羅馬字表記,而鮮用其原越南漢字喃字表記該地名,使得現代漢語對地名的翻譯產生含糊。事實上,其罗马字名稱中的「Khe」對應漢字「」(此處為「溪」的喃音,其標準漢越音為:「khê」),而「Sanh」對應越南漢字為「」,即“溪生”。有部分材料根據越文羅馬字进行音譯,将其错误地譯为「山」。实际「」字在越南語中的讀音為「sơn」,與「Sanh」差異很大。

媒體[编辑]

電影[编辑]

電玩[编辑]

参考资料[编辑]

  1. ^ Peter Brush, THE BATTLE OF KHE SANH, 1968 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2005-12-17.
  2. ^ 100 Battles, Decisive Battles that Shaped the World, Dougherty, Martin, J., Parragon, p.236
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 http://www.historynet.com/the-withdrawal-from-khe-sanh.htm The Withdrawal from Khe Sanh
  4. ^ 存档副本. [2011-12-08]. (原始内容存档于2012-04-26). 
  5. ^ The McNamara Line
  6. ^ Khe Sanh 1967-68: Marines battle for Vietnam's vital hilltop base, By Gordon Rottman - page 90
  7. ^ LIFE Magazine - Feb 9th, 1968 - page 26
  8. ^ The Withdrawal from Khe Sanh "HistoryNet – From the World's Largest History Magazine Publisher
  9. ^ Gordan L Rottman, Osprey Campaign 150: The Khe Sanh 1967–68, p. 51
  10. ^ 10.0 10.1 Gordan L Rottman, Osprey Campaign 150: The Khe Sanh 1967–68, p. 91-92
  11. ^ Khe Sanh 1967-68: Marines battle for Vietnam's vital hilltop base, By Gordon Rottman - page 91, page 92
  12. ^ Khe Sanh 1967-68: Marines battle for Vietnam's vital hilltop base, By Gordon Rottman - page 91, page 92
  13. ^ Recounting the Casualties at Khe Sanh ©2006 Peter Brush 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2013-01-31.
  14. ^ Recounting the Casualties at Khe Sanh ©2006 Peter Brush 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2013-01-31.
  15. ^ 1968: The Definitive Year
  16. ^ John A. Cash, John Albright & Allan W. Sandstrum (1985). Seven Firefights in Vietnam. Washington D.C: The Center of Military History, p.137
  17. ^ The low figure often cited for U.S. casualties (205 killed in action, 443 wounded, 2 missing) does not take into account U.S. Army or Air Force casualties or those incurred during Operation Pegasus. Prados and Stubbe, p. 454.
  18. ^ Not including ARVN Ranger, RF/PF, Forward Operation Base 3 – US Army, Royal Laotian Army and SOG commandos losses
  19. ^ Schulimson, p. 283.
  20. ^ Shore, p. 131.
  21. ^ Smedberg, Marco. Vietnamkrigen: 1880–1980. Historiska Media. 2008. ISBN 91-85507-88-1. 
  22. ^ http://www.historynet.com/battle-of-khe-sanh-recounting-the-battlescasualties.htm/4
  23. ^ http://www.historynet.com/battle-of-khe-sanh-recounting-the-battlescasualties.htm/4
  24. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6dh-qZV7l-g

未发表的美国政府档案

  • U.S. Military Assistance Command, Vietnam, Command History 1965, Annex N. Saigon, 1966.
  • U.S. Military Assistance Command, Vietnam, Command History 1966, Annex M. Saigon, 1967.

已发表的美国政府档案

  • Military History Institute of Vietnam: Victory in Vietnam: The Official History of the People's Army of Vietnam, 1954-1975. Trans. by Merle Pribbenow. Lawrence KS: University of Kansas Press, 2002.
  • Nalty, Bernard C. Air Power and the Fight for Khe Sanh. Washington, D.C.: Office of Air Force History, 1986. LCC DS557.8.K5 N34 1986
  • Schulimson, Jack, LtCol. Leonard Blasiol, Charles R. Smith, and Capt. David A. Dawson. U.S. Marines in Vietnam: 1968, the Defining Year. Washington, D.C.: History and Museums Division, United States Marine Corps, 1997. ISBN 0-16-049125-8
  • Shore, Capt. Moyars S., III. The Battle for Khe Sanh. Washington, D.C.: Historical Branch, U.S. Marine Corps, 1969. LCC DS557.A62 K58
  • Telfer, Maj. Gary L., LtCol. Lane Rogers, and V. Keith Fleming. U.S. Marines in Vietnam: 1967, Fighting the North Vietnamese. Washington, D.C.: History and Museums Division, United States Marine Corps, 1984. LCC DS558.4 .U55 1977
  • Van Staaveren, Jacob. Interdiction in Southern Laos, 1961-1968. Washington, D.C.: Center of Air Force History, 1993. LCC DS558.8 .V36 1993

外部链接[编辑]