焦糖

维基百科,自由的百科全书
跳转至: 导航搜索
表面有焦糖的甜点

焦糖,把煮到攝氏170℃时焦化产生的物质。焦糖加入沸水煮化,即是液態焦糖,可以用來泡咖啡或做布丁。焦糖常被用在制作甜点上,它可以为糕点和甜点提供一种填补糖果或巧克力的风味,或加于冰淇淋蛋奶冻上。或作為食物黑色素,如可乐之类的饮料使用焦糖着色,而且它也被用作食品着色剂,它也是威士忌行业唯一允许使用的添加剂。而牛奶糖的做法是把奶油牛奶一起煮到攝氏120度。

糖色[编辑]

糖色,俗稱「醬色」,加入植物性食用油和砂糖熱炒後的產物,也可作為食品添加物,如可樂、麵包等增色劑,或用於紅燒料理,成本比老抽低廉,而且沒有醬油的鹹味。[1]過量食用糖類,有「糖中毒」的危險性[2][3][4][5][6]

化學製備,以4-甲基咪唑為主的焦糖色素英语Caramel color(IARC第2B類致癌物質)。

參考資料[编辑]

  1. ^ 梁瓊白. 〈看門道評味道〉炒出糖色 免加色素. 自由時報. 2013-10-13 [2016-05-18]. 
  2. ^ 白澤卓二; 楊詠婷(譯者). 《2週間で効果がでる白澤式ケトン食事法》 [《糖中毒,當然會三高!》]. 方舟文化. 2014-05-07: 192頁 [2014]. ISBN 978-9869058605. 
  3. ^ 你以為只有毒品會慢慢上癮嗎?. 今周刊. 2014-08-01. 
  4. ^ Robison AJ, Nestler EJ. Transcriptional and epigenetic mechanisms of addiction. Nat. Rev. Neurosci. November 2011, 12 (11): 623–637. doi:10.1038/nrn3111. PMC 3272277. PMID 21989194. ΔFosB has been linked directly to several addiction-related behaviors ... Importantly, genetic or viral overexpression of ΔJunD, a dominant negative mutant of JunD which antagonizes ΔFosB- and other AP-1-mediated transcriptional activity, in the NAc or OFC blocks these key effects of drug exposure14,22–24. This indicates that ΔFosB is both necessary and sufficient for many of the changes wrought in the brain by chronic drug exposure. ΔFosB is also induced in D1-type NAc MSNs by chronic consumption of several natural rewards, including sucrose, high fat food, sex, wheel running, where it promotes that consumption14,26–30. This implicates ΔFosB in the regulation of natural rewards under normal conditions and perhaps during pathological addictive-like states. 
  5. ^ Olsen CM. Natural rewards, neuroplasticity, and non-drug addictions. Neuropharmacology. December 2011, 61 (7): 1109–22. doi:10.1016/j.neuropharm.2011.03.010. PMC 3139704. PMID 21459101. 
  6. ^ Avena, Nicole M.; Rada, Pedro; Hoebel, Bartley G. Evidence for sugar addiction: Behavioral and neurochemical effects of intermittent, excessive sugar intake. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. 2008, 32 (1): 20–39. doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2007.04.019. PMC 2235907. PMID 17617461. 

相關條目[编辑]