牛津大学奥里尔学院

维基百科,自由的百科全书
跳到导航 跳到搜索
牛津大學學院學堂

Oriel College

East range of the First Quad
          
學院名 The Provost and Scholars of the House of the Blessed Mary the Virgin in Oxford, commonly called Oriel College, of the Foundation of Edward the Second of famous memory, sometime King of England
拉丁名 Collegium Orielense
名稱來源 聖母瑪麗
建立時間 1324
姐妹學院 劍橋大學克萊爾學院
都柏林三一學院
Provost Moira Wallace
本科生 301[1] (2011/2012)
研究生 158
官方網站 Homepage

牛津大学奥里尔学院在牛津市中心的位置
牛津大学奥里尔学院

坐标51°45′06″N 1°15′13″W / 51.751567°N 1.253702°W / 51.751567; -1.253702
Boatclub
Oriel College Oxford Coat Of Arms.svg
紋章 Gules, three lions passant guardant in pale or within a bordure engrailed argent.

奧里爾學院(Oriel College)[2]牛津大學下的一個學院,位於牛津奧里爾廣場。該學院歷史可追溯至1320年代,自稱是牛津最古老的皇家機構,為了顯示其皇家地位,又稱國王學院(King's College、King's Hall)。[3]

愛德華二世在1320年代提供贊助,由其廷臣亞當·德·布魯姆為該學院奠基,當時稱牛津聖母瑪麗學堂(House or Hall of the Blessed Mary at Oxford)。[4] 該學院在16世紀之前只接受非本科生做成員,之後才開始接納本科生入學。[5] 英格蘭內戰期間,奧里爾學院是牛津議會(Oxford Parliament)駐地。[6]

該學院有四座中世紀建築構成,即Bedel Hal、St Mary Hall、St Martin Hall和Tackley's Inn。其中Tackley's Inn是該學院最古老的地產,也是牛津最古老的中世紀建築之一。[7] 該學院現有大約40名成員、300名本科生和160名研究生,男女人數基本持平。[5]

參考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ Undergraduate numbers by college 2011-12. University of Oxford. 
  2. ^ Oxford University Calendar 2005–2006 (2005) p.323 has the corporate designation as "The Provost and Scholars of the House of the Blessed Mary the Virgin in Oxford, commonly called Oriel College, of the Foundation of Edward the Second of famous memory, sometime King of England", p324 has people — Oxford University Press ISBN 0-19-928370-2.
  3. ^ Watt, D. E. (editor), Oriel College, Oxford (Trinity term, 1953) — Oxford University Archaeological Society, uses material collected by C. R. Jones, R. J. Brenato, D. K. Garnier, W. J. Frampton and N. Covington, under advice from W. A. Pantin, particularly in respect of the architecture and treasures (manuscripts, printed books and silver plate) sections. 16 page publication, produced in association with the Ashmolean Museum as part of a college guide series.
  4. ^ Rannie, David, Oriel College (1900) — published by F. E. Robinson & Co. London (Part of the University of Oxford College Histories series) pp.1, 5–10, 102, 105, 108–110, 241 and 235.
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 Oriel College Oxford, A short guide — published by Oriel College Development Trust on behalf of Oriel College, Oxford.
  6. ^ The Oxford Parliament. British Civil Wars, Commonwealth and Protectorate 1638–60. [3 September 2006]. 
  7. ^ Oriel College Memorandum 2003–4.

外部連結[编辑]