特斯拉Roadster

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特斯拉Roadster
Tesla Roadster -- 02-11-2011.jpg
特斯拉Roadster Sport 2.5
制造商 特斯拉汽车
其他品名 代号:DarkStar[1]
生产年代 2008–2012
2020
组装 英国Hethel
美国加州门洛帕克
下一代車型 Tesla Roadster (2020)
类型
车型 双门双座敞篷车
汽車驅動方式英语automobile layout 中置后驱
电动机

三相四极交流电动机

  • 1.5 248 hp(185 kW), 200 lb·ft(270 N·m)
  • 2.0, 2.5 248 hp(185 kW), 280 lb·ft(380 N·m)
  • 2.5 Sport 288 hp(215 kW), 295 lb·ft(400 N·m)
[4]
变速器 博格华纳单速变速箱(齿比:8.27:1)
电池 53 kWh(190 MJ) 锂电池组
纯电动行驶里程 244 mi(393 km)(EPA)
外部充电 Proprietary inlet, 16.8 kW (70 A 240 V) with HPWC outlet[5] and with the SAE J1772-2009 adapter,[6] adapters for domestic AC sockets
轴距 92.6英寸(2,352 mm)
车长 155.4英寸(3,946 mm)
车宽 73.7英寸(1,873 mm)
车高 44.4英寸(1,127 mm)
汽车整备质量英语Curb weight 1,305公斤(2,877磅)
相关车系 Lotus Elise
Lotus Exige
特斯拉S型

特斯拉Roadster英语:Tesla Roadster)是特斯拉汽车公司于2008年推出、2012年停产的一款纯电动跑车。Roadster既是首款使用锂离子电池量产全电动跑车,也是首款续航里程达到200英里(320公里)的纯电动车。[7]

特斯拉共在30余个国家销售了约2450辆Roadster,[8][9][10]而其中大多数是于停产前的2012年第四季度在亚洲与欧洲售出的。[11]特斯拉还于2010年初开始销售右座驾驶的Roadster。[11]在许多国家,购买Roadster都能获得电动车补贴。[12][13]

2009年10月27日,Roadster在澳大利亚举行的全球绿色汽车挑战赛(Global Green Challenge)中创造了单次充电行驶311英里(501公里)的量产电动车续航里程世界纪录,当时的平均车速为25 mph(40 km/h) 。[14][15]2010年,前F1车手埃里克·科马斯英语Érik Comas驾驶Roadster在为期三天、近620英里(1,000公里)的蒙特卡洛替代能源汽车拉力赛(Monte Carlo Alternative Energy Rally)中击败其他96名参赛者夺冠,使Roadster成为了首辆夺得该项赛事冠军的电动车,同时也是首辆获得国际汽联承认赛事冠军的电动车。[16]

美国环保署的数据显示,Roadster的续航里程为244英里(393公里)[17],0至60 mph(0至97 km/h)加速为3.7至3.9秒。其最高车速可达125 mph(201 km/h),等效油耗则为120mpg(2.0 L/100 km)。同时,其电池-里程的转换率则能达到135Wh/km,平均效率为88%。[18]

2017年11月,特斯拉宣布将推出0至60 mph(0至97 km/h)加速1.9秒的新款Roadster跑车。[19]

一輛由伊隆·馬斯克擁有的特斯拉Roadster於2018年二月六日15:45 EST由SpaceX獵鷹重型運載火箭處女航發射進入火星軌道。

参考文献[编辑]

  1. ^ Eberhard, Martin. Vintage Oil and Other Hare-Brained Ideas. Tesla Motors. 2007-01-24 [2011-08-21]. 
  2. ^ SmartWay Vehicle List for MY 2011.xlsx (Microsoft Excel), FuelEconomy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy), 2011 
  3. ^ Thiel, Christian; Krause, Jette; Dilara, Panagiota, Electric vehicles in the EU from 2010 to 2014 - is full scale commercialisation near? (PDF), Strategic Energy Technology Information System (SETIS) (European Commission): 32 
  4. ^ Performance Specs. Tesla Motors. [2010-07-20]. (原始内容存档于2007-10-24). 
  5. ^ High Power Wall Connector. Tesla Motors. [2013-08-16]. 
  6. ^ J1772 Mobile Connector. Tesla Motors. [2011-05-13]. (原始内容存档于2012-06-07). 
  7. ^ Shahan, Zachary. Electric Car Evolution. Clean Technica. 2015-04-26 [2016-09-08].  2008: The Tesla Roadster becomes the first production electric vehicle to use lithium-ion battery cells as well as the first production electric vehicle to have a range of over 200 miles on a single charge.
  8. ^ SEC Form 10-K for Fiscal Year Ended Dec 31, 2012, Commission File Number: 001-34756, Tesla Motors, Inc.. SEC. 2016-02-06 [2014-02-25]. As of December 31, 2012, we had delivered approximately 2,450 Tesla Roadsters to customers in over 30 countries. 
  9. ^ Woody, Todd. Tesla Hits Accelerator Despite Q2 Revenue Miss. Forbes. 2012-07-25 [2012-07-25].  More than 2,350 units sold through June 2012.
  10. ^ Tesla Q3 report: $50M revenues, $111M GAAP net loss, 253 Model S delivered in Q3. Green Car Congress. 2012-11-05 [2012-11-06].  Sales during the 3Q 2012: 68 Roadsters and 253 Model S.
  11. ^ 11.0 11.1 Tesla will build right-hand-drive Roadsters for the UK. Wired.co.uk. 2009-06-25 [2009-06-25]. (原始内容存档于2009-06-26). 
  12. ^ Growing Number of EU Countries Levying CO2 Taxes on Cars and Incentivizing Plug-ins. Green Car Congress. 2010-04-21 [2010-05-21]. 
  13. ^ Vaughan, Adam. Electric vehicle grants scheme backfires as taxpayers subsidise £87,000 sports cars. London: The Guardian. 2010-02-25 [2010-05-21]. 
  14. ^ tsport100. New World Record: Tesla Roadster Goes 347.2 Miles On One Charge. Electric Vehicle News. 2011-01-05 [2011-04-18]. 
  15. ^ Internode Electric Tesla sets world distance record in 2009 Global Green Challenge. Global Green Challenge. [2009-11-03]. 
  16. ^ Tesla Sweeps Monte Carlo Alternative Energy Rally | Press Releases. Tesla Motors. 2010-03-29 [2010-10-09]. 
  17. ^ Tesla Motors Selects BorgWarner for Production of New Gearbox for Tesla Roadster. Tesla Motors. 2011-02-25. 
  18. ^ Roadster Innovations: Motor. Tesla Motors. [2011-02-25]. The Roadster achieves an overall driving efficiency of 88%, about three times the efficiency of a conventional car. 
  19. ^ Tesla unveils the new Roadster. TechCrunch. [2017-11-17]. with speeds of just 1.9 seconds for 0 to 60 4.2 seconds for 0 to 100. It can handle a quarter mile in 8.9 seconds .... its top speed is above 250 mph. and it has a 200 kWh battery pack that offers 630 miles of highway driving range.