獵鷹9號運載火箭發射任務列表

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猎鹰9號FT Block 5(英語:Falcon 9 Full Thrust Block 5[1][2]是猎鹰9号的最新版本,火箭在Block 3 和 Block 5中的最大變化是所有發動機上的更高推力和著陸腿的改進。此外,許多小的變化將有助於簡化恢復和可重用性。第一級助推器改變的重點是提高生產速度和重複使用的效率。SpaceX的目標是每一個Block 5 助推器飛行10次,只有檢查兩次,最多100次翻新。

2018年5月11日,獵鷹9號FT Block 5 的處女航發射了 Bangabandhu-1 衛星。

2018年6月29日,獵鷹9號 Block 4 執飛了該版本的最後一個任務-發射龍飛船 CRS-15 到國際太空站。這也是一個由Block 4 到全 Block 5 執飛的過渡期。

發射列表[编辑]

任务编号 时间 (UTC) 型号 发射场 载荷 载荷质量 轨道 用户 结果
主任务 回收

2010到2013[编辑]

Falcon 9 Flight 1英语Falcon 9 Flight 1 2010年6月4日18:45 v1.0[3] CC LC40 龙飞船认证飞行 LEO 太空探索科技公司 成功 未嘗試
Falcon 9 Flight 2英语Falcon 9 Flight 2 2010年12月8日15:43[4] v1.0[3] CC LC40 NASA COTS – Demo 1,2立方星[5] LEO NASA商业轨道运输服务英语Commercial Orbital Transportation Services美国国家侦察局 成功 未嘗試
Falcon 9 Flight 3英语Falcon 9 Flight 3 2012年5月22日07:44[6] v1.0[3] CC LC40 NASA COTS – Demo C2+[7] 525公斤
(1,157磅)
LEO NASA商业轨道运输服务英语Commercial Orbital Transportation Services 成功[8] 未嘗試
Falcon 9 Flight 4英语Falcon 9 Flight 4 2012年10月8日00:34[9] v1.0[3] CC LC40 Primary payload: SpaceX CRS-1[10] 500公斤
(1,100磅)
LEO NASA商业轨道运输服务英语Commercial Orbital Transportation Services 成功 未嘗試
次级载荷: Orbcomm (satellite)英语Orbcomm (satellite)[11] 172公斤
(379磅)
LEO Orbcomm 失敗[12][13]
Falcon 9 Flight 5英语Falcon 9 Flight 5 2013年3月1日15:10[14] v1.0[3] CC LC40 SpaceX CRS-2[15][16] 677公斤
(1,493磅)
LEO NASA商业轨道运输服务英语Commercial Orbital Transportation Services 成功 未嘗試
Falcon 9 Flight 6英语Falcon 9 Flight 6 2013年9月29日16:00 v1.1[3] VAFB Vandenberg AFB Space Launch Complex 4英语Vandenberg AFB Space Launch Complex 4 CASSIOPE[17] 500公斤
(1,100磅)
极轨道 MacDonald, Dettwiler and Associates英语MacDonald, Dettwiler and Associates 成功 海中(無回收船)
失敗
Falcon 9 Flight 7英语Falcon 9 Flight 7 2013年12月3日22:41[18] v1.1 CC LC40 SES-8[19][20] 3,170公斤
(6,990磅)
GTO SES S.A.英语SES S.A. 成功[21] 未嘗試

2014[编辑]

Falcon 9 Flight 8英语Falcon 9 Flight 8 2014年1月6日22:06[22] v1.1 CC LC40 Thaicom 6 3,325公斤
(7,330磅)
GTO Thaicom英语Thaicom 成功[23] 未嘗試
Falcon 9 Flight 9英语Falcon 9 Flight 9 2014年4月18日19:25[24] v1.1 CC LC40 SpaceX CRS-3[15][16] 2,296公斤
(5,062磅)
LEO NASA商业轨道运输服务英语Commercial Orbital Transportation Services 成功 海中(無回收船)
成功
Falcon 9 Flight 10英语Falcon 9 Flight 10 2014年7月14日15:15 v1.1 CC LC40 Falcon 9 Flight 10英语Falcon 9 Flight 10
6颗OG2英语Orbcomm satellites#Orbcomm-OG2卫星
1,316公斤
(2,901磅)
LEO Orbcomm英语Orbcomm 成功[25] 海中(無回收船)
成功
Falcon 9 Flight 11英语Falcon 9 Flight 11 2014年8月5日08:00 v1.1 CC LC40 AsiaSat 8[26][27][28] 4,535公斤
(9,998磅)
GTO 亞洲衛星 成功[29] 未嘗試
Falcon 9 Flight 12英语Falcon 9 Flight 12 2014年9月7日05:00 v1.1 CC LC40 AsiaSat 6[26][27][30] 4,428公斤
(9,762磅)
GTO 亞洲衛星 成功[31] 未嘗試
SpaceX CRS-4 2014年9月21日05:52[32][33] v1.1 CC LC40 SpaceX CRS-4[16] 2,216公斤
(4,885磅)
LEO NASA商业轨道运输服务英语Commercial Orbital Transportation Services 成功[34] 海中(無回收船)
成功

2015[编辑]

Falcon 9 Flight 14英语Falcon 9 Flight 14 2015年1月10日09:47[35] v1.1 CC LC40 SpaceX CRS-5[26] 2,395公斤
(5,280磅)
LEO NASA商业轨道运输服务英语Commercial Orbital Transportation Services 成功[36] 海上回收
失敗
Falcon 9 Flight 15英语Falcon 9 Flight 15 2015年2月11日23:03[37] v1.1 CC LC40 DSCOVR[38] 570公斤
(1,260磅)
地-日 L1 美国空军 / 美国国家航空航天局 / 美国国家海洋和大气管理局 成功 海中(無回收船)
成功
16 2015年3月2日03:50[39][40] v1.1 CC LC40 ABS-3A英语ABS-3A,
Eutelsat 115 West B英语Eutelsat 115 West B (ex-Satmex 7)[26]
4,159公斤
(9,169磅)
GTO Asia Broadcast Satellite,
Eutelsat Satmex英语Satmex)
成功 未嘗試
Falcon 9 Flight 17英语Falcon 9 Flight 17 2015年4月14日20:10[39] v1.1 CC LC40 SpaceX CRS-6[26] 1,898公斤
(4,184磅)
LEO NASA商业轨道运输服务英语Commercial Orbital Transportation Services 成功 海上回收
失敗
Falcon 9 Flight 18英语Falcon 9 Flight 18 2015年4月27日23:03[41] v1.1 CC LC40 TurkmenAlem52E/MonacoSAT [42] 4,707公斤
(10,377磅)
GTO Turkmenistan National Space Agency英语Turkmenistan National Space Agency[43] 成功 未嘗試
SpaceX CRS-7 2015年6月28日14:21[39][44] v1.1 CC LC40 SpaceX CRS-7[26] 1,952公斤
(4,303磅)
LEO NASA商业轨道运输服务英语Commercial Orbital Transportation Services 失敗[45] 未嘗試
Falcon 9 Flight 20英语Falcon 9 Flight 20 2015年12月22日01:29[46] 獵鷹9號全推力版 CC LC40 Orbcomm OG-2英语Orbcomm OG-2[46]
11 OG2 satellites
2,034公斤
(4,484磅)
LEO Orbcomm英语Orbcomm 成功 陆地回收
成功

2016[编辑]

Falcon 9 Flight 21英语Falcon 9 Flight 21 2016年1月17日18:42[39] v1.1 VAFB SLC-4E Jason-3[47] 553公斤
(1,219磅)
LEO 美国国家航空航天局, 美国国家海洋和大气管理局,
法國國家太空研究中心
成功 海上回收
失败
Falcon 9 Flight 22英语Falcon 9 Flight 22 2016年3月4日23:35[39] 獵鷹9號全推力版 CC LC40 SES-9[48][49] 5,271公斤
(11,621磅)
GTO SES S.A.英语SES S.A. 成功 海上回收
失败
Falcon 9 Flight 23英语Falcon 9 Flight 23 2016年4月8日20:43[39] 獵鷹9號全推力版 CC LC40 SpaceX CRS-8[49] 3,136公斤
(6,914磅)
LEO NASA商业轨道运输服务英语Commercial Orbital Transportation Services 成功[50] 海上回收
成功
Falcon 9 Flight 24英语Falcon 9 Flight 24 2016年5月6日05:21[39] 獵鷹9號全推力版 CC LC40 JCSAT-14[51] 4,696公斤
(10,353磅)
GTO JSAT公司 成功 海上回收
成功
Falcon 9 Flight 25英语Falcon 9 Flight 25 2016年5月27日21:39[39] 獵鷹9號全推力版 CC LC40 Thaicom 8 3,100公斤
(6,800磅)
GTO Thaicom英语Thaicom 成功 海上回收
成功
Falcon 9 Flight 26英语Falcon 9 Flight 26 2016年6月15日14:29[39] 獵鷹9號全推力版 CC LC40 ABS 2A,
Eutelsat 117 West B英语Eutelsat 117 West B (ex-Satmex 9)
3,600公斤
(7,900磅)
GTO Asia Broadcast Satellite,
Eutelsat (Satmex英语Satmex)
成功 海上回收
失败
Falcon 9 Flight 27英语Falcon 9 Flight 27 2016年7月18日04:45[39] 獵鷹9號全推力版 CC LC40 SpaceX CRS-9[52]

[53]

2,257公斤
(4,976磅)
LEO NASA商业轨道运输服务英语Commercial Orbital Transportation Services 成功 陆地回收
成功
Falcon 9 Flight 28英语Falcon 9 Flight 28 2016年8月14日05:26 獵鷹9號全推力版 CC LC40 JCSAT-16 4,600公斤
(10,100磅)
GTO SKY Perfect JSAT Group 成功 海上回收
成功
不適用 2016年9月1日13:07 獵鷹9號全推力版 CC LC40 Amos-6英语Amos-6[54] 5,500公斤
(12,100磅)
GTO Spacecom英语Spacecom 失败
(发射前爆炸)
海上回收[55]
N/A

2017[编辑]

29 2017年1月14日 17:54 獵鷹9號全推力版 VAFB SLC-4E Iridium NEXT英语Iridium NEXT 1-10[56][57][58] 9,600公斤
(21,200磅)
LEO 銥衛星 成功 海上回收
成功[59]
30 2017年2月19日 14:39 獵鷹9號全推力版 KSC LC-39A SpaceX CRS-10英语SpaceX CRS-10[52] 2,490公斤
(5,490磅)
LEO NASA商业轨道运输服务英语Commercial Orbital Transportation Services 成功 陸地回收
成功[60]
31 2017年3月16日 06:00 獵鷹9號全推力版
B1030[61]
KSC LC-39A EchoStar 23英语EchoStar 23 5,600公斤
(12,300磅)
GTO EchoStar英语EchoStar 成功 未嘗試
32 2017年3月30日 22:27 獵鷹9號全推力版
B1021.2[62]
KSC LC-39A SES-10英语SES-10 5,300公斤
(11,700磅)
GTO SES 成功 海上回收
成功
33 2017年5月1日 11:15 獵鷹9號全推力版
B1032.1[63]
KSC LC-39A NROL-76英语NROL-76 机密 LEO 美國國家偵察局 成功 陸地回收
成功
34 2017年5月15日 23:21 獵鷹9號全推力版
B1034[64]
KSC LC-39A Inmarsat-5 F4 6,070公斤
(13,380磅)
GTO 國際海事衛星組織 成功 未嘗試
35 2017年6月3日 21:07 獵鷹9號全推力版
B1035.1[65]
KSC LC-39A SpaceX CRS-11英语SpaceX CRS-11 2,708公斤
(5,970磅)
LEO NASA商业轨道运输服务英语Commercial Orbital Transportation Services 成功 陸地回收
成功
36 2017年6月23日 19:10 獵鷹9號全推力版
B1029英语B1029.2[66]
KSC LC-39A BulgariaSat-1英语BulgariaSat-1 3,669公斤
(8,089磅)
GTO Bulsatcom英语Bulsatcom 成功 海上回收
成功
第二次复用火箭:B1029英语B1029於2017年1月銥衛星任務後再次用於發射GTO任務,不過降落之後,馬斯克在推特表示B1029英语B1029「烤過頭了」,因此可能會退役。[66] BulgariaSat-1英语BulgariaSat-1保加利亞第一顆商業通訊衛星,將會為歐洲東南地區提供電視廣播和其他通訊服務。[66]
37 2017年6月25日 20:25 獵鷹9號全推力版 
B1036.1[67]
VAFB SLC-4E Iridium NEXT 11–20英语Iridium satellite constellation 9,600公斤
(21,200磅)
LEO 銥衛星 成功 海上回收
成功
首次使用鈦金屬製柵格翼以提升返回時的操控性和耐熱性。[68]
38 2017年7月5日 23:38 獵鷹9號全推力版 
B1037[69]
KSC LC-39A Intelsat 35e英语Intelsat 35e[70] 6,761公斤
(14,905磅)
GTO Intelsat英语Intelsat 成功 未尝试
受卫星6761kg质量所限,火箭以一次性构型发射,未尝试回收一级。[71]
39 2017年8月14日 16:31 獵鷹9號全推力版/B4
B1039.1[72]
KSC LC-39A SpaceX CRS-12英语SpaceX CRS-12[52] 3,310公斤
(7,300磅)
近地軌道 美國 NASA (Commercial Resupply Services英语Commercial Resupply Services) 成功 成功
(陸地回收)
龙飞船携带了2,349公斤(5,179磅)的加压货物与961公斤(2,119磅) 的非加压货物。非加压货物包括CREAM英语Cosmic Ray Energetics and Mass Experiment#ISS-CREAM宇宙射线探测器。[73]Block 4的首飞。Block 4升级包括主发动机增推和其他一些小改进。[72]最后一次发射全新的龙飞船加压舱,今后的任务将使用翻新后的回收飞船。[74]
40 2017年8月24日 18:50 獵鷹9號全推力版
B1038.1[75]
VAFB SLC-4E 福爾摩沙衛星五號(FORMOSAT-5)[76][77][78] 475公斤
(1,047磅)
太陽同步軌道 臺灣 國家太空中心 成功 成功
(海上回收)
福爾摩沙衛星五號是台灣國家太空中心的一颗地球观测卫星Spaceflight Industries英语Spaceflight Industries的太空拖船SHERPA英语SHERPA (space tug)从该次任务的载荷中被移除。[79]
41 2017年9月7日 14:00 獵鷹9號全推力版/B4
B1040.1
KSC LC-39A Boeing X-37B OTV-5 4,990公斤
(11,000磅) + 未知载荷
近地軌道 美国空军 成功 成功
(陸地回收)
42 2017年10月9日 12:37 獵鷹9號全推力版/B4
B1041.1
VAFB SLC-4E Iridium NEXT 21–30英语Iridium satellite constellation 9,600公斤
(21,200磅)
近地軌道 銥衛星 成功 成功
(海上回收)
43 2017年10月11日 22:53 獵鷹9號全推力版
B1031.2
KSC LC-39A SES-10 / EchoStar 105 5,200公斤
(11,500磅)
GTO SES
EchoStar英语EchoStar
成功 成功
(海上回收)
44 2017年10月30日 19:34 獵鷹9號全推力版
B1042.1
KSC LC-39A Koreasat 5A英语Koreasat 5A 3,500公斤
(7,700磅)
GTO KT公司 成功 成功
(海上回收)
45 2017年12月15日 15:36 獵鷹9號全推力版
B1035.2
CC LC40 SpaceX CRS-13英语SpaceX CRS-13 2,205公斤
(4,861磅)
近地軌道 美國 NASA (Commercial Resupply Services英语Commercial Resupply Services) 成功 成功
(陸地回收)
46 2017年12月23日 01:27 獵鷹9號全推力版/B4
B1036.2
VAFB SLC-4E Iridium NEXT 31–40英语Iridium satellite constellation 9,600公斤
(21,200磅)
近地軌道 銥衛星 成功 未嘗試

2018[编辑]

任务编号 时间 (UTC) 型号 发射场 载荷 载荷质量 轨道 用户 结果
主任务 回收
47 2018年1月8日,01:00[80] F9 B4
B1043.1[81]
CCAFS SLC-40
Zuma (satellite)英语Zuma (satellite)[81][82][83] Classified LEO 诺斯洛普·格鲁门[a][81] 成功[84]
(payload status unclear)
成功
(陸地回收)
48 2018年1月31日,21:25[85] 獵鷹9號全推力版
B1032.2[86]
CCAFS SLC-40 GovSat-1英语GovSat-1[87] 4,230公斤
(9,330英磅)[88]
GTO SES S.A.英语SES S.A. 成功 成功[b]
(海洋)
FH 1 2018年2月6日,20:45[89] Heavy core
B1033[63]
KSC LC-39A 伊隆·马斯克的特斯拉Roadster[90][91] ~1,250公斤
(2,760英磅)[92]
Heliocentric
0.99–1.67
AU[92]
SpaceX 成功[93] 失敗[93]
(海上回收)
B1023.2[94] (side) ♺ 成功
(陸地回收)
B1025.2[94] (side) ♺ 成功
(陸地回收)
49 2018年2月22日,14:17[95] 獵鷹9號全推力版
B1038.2[96]
VAFB SLC-4E英语SLC-4E 2,150公斤
(4,740英磅)
SSO
成功 未嘗試
50 2018年3月6日,05:33[99] F9 B4
B1044[100]
CCAFS SLC-40 Hispasat 30W-6英语Hispasat 30W-6[101]
PODSat[102]
6,092公斤
(13,431英磅)[103]
GTO Hispasat[101]
NovaWurks英语NovaWurks
成功 未知[b]
(海洋)
51 2018年3月30日
14:14[104]
F9 B4
B1041.2[96]
VAFB SLC-4E英语SLC-4E Iridium NEXT英语Iridium NEXT 41–50[56] 9,600公斤
(21,200英磅)
LEO 铱卫星 成功 未知[b]
(海洋)
52 2018年4月2日
20:30[105]
F9 B4
B1039.2[106]
CCAFS SLC-40 SpaceX CRS-14英语SpaceX CRS-14[52] 2,647公斤
(5,836英磅)[106]
LEO NASACommercial Resupply Services英语Commercial Resupply Services 成功 未嘗試[107]
The launch used a refurbished booster (from SpaceX CRS-12英语SpaceX CRS-12) and a refurbished capsule (C110 from CRS-8).[106] External payloads include a materials research platform MISSE英语MISSE-FF[108] phase 3 of the Robotic Refueling Mission英语Robotic Refueling Mission[109] TSIS,[110] ASIM heliophysics sensor,[73] several crystallization experiments,[111] and the RemoveDEBRIS system aimed at space debris removal.[112] The booster was expended, and SpaceX collected more data on reentry profiles.[107] It also carried the first Costa Rican satellite, Project Irazú英语Project Irazú,[113] and the first 肯尼亚n satellite, 1KUNS-PF英语1KUNS-PF.[114]
53 2018年4月18日 22:51[115] F9 B4
B1045.1[96]
CCAFS
SLC-40
Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS)[116] 362公斤
(798英磅)[117]
High Earth orbit英语High Earth orbit for P/2 orbit NASA (Launch Services Program英语Launch Services Program) 成功[118] 成功[118]
(海上回收)
First NASA high-priority science mission launched by SpaceX. Part of the Explorers program, TESS is space telescope intended for wide-field search of exoplanets transiting nearby stars. It was the first time SpaceX launched a scientific satellite not primarily intended for Earth observations. The second stage placed the spacecraft into a high elliptical Earth orbit, after which the satellite's own booster is scheduled to perform complex maneuvers, including a lunar flyby, such that over the course of two months it will reach a stable 2:1 resonant orbit with the Moon.[119] In January 2018, SpaceX received NASA's Launch Services Program英语Launch Services Program Category 2 certification of its Falcon 9 "Full Thrust", certification which is required for launching "medium-risk" missions like TESS.[120] Last launch of a new Block 4 booster,[121] and the 24th successful recovery of the first stage. An experimental water landing of the launch fairing was performed in order to attempt fairing recovery, primarily as a test of parachute systems.[117][118]
54 2018年5月11日
20:14[122]
獵鷹9號 Block 5[123]
B1046.1[96]
KSC
LC-39A
Bangabandhu-1英语Bangabandhu-1[124][125] 3,600公斤
(7,900英磅)[126]
GTO Thales-Alenia/Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission英语Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission 成功[127] 成功[127]
(海上回收)
First Falcon 9 Full Thrust Block 5英语Falcon 9 Full Thrust Block 5 launch vehicle booster to fly. Initially planned for an Ariane 5 launch in December 2017,[128] it became the first Bangladeshi commercial satellite,[129] built by Thales-Alenia.[130][131] It is intended to serve telecom services from 119° E with a lifetime of 15 years.[132] It was the 25th successfully recovered first stage booster.[127]
55 2018年5月22日
19:47[133]
F9 B4
B1043.2[134]
VAFB
SLC-4E英语SLC-4E
6,460公斤
(14,240英磅)[c]
极轨道 LEO 成功[141] 未嘗試
[142]
Sixth Iridium NEXT mission launching 5 satellites used the refurbished booster from Zuma. GFZ arranged a rideshare of GRACE-FO on a Falcon 9 with Iridium following the cancellation of their Dnepr launch contract in 2015.[136] Iridium CEO Matt Desch disclosed in September 2017 that GRACE-FO would be launched on this mission.[143] The booster reuse turnaround was a record 4.5 months between flights.[144]
56 2018年6月4日
04:45[145]
F9 B4
B1040.2[96]
CCAFS
SLC-40
SES-12英语SES-12[146] 5,384公斤
(11,870英磅)[147]
GTO SES S.A.英语SES S.A. 成功[148] 未嘗試
[142]
The communications satellite serving the Middle East and the Asia-Pacific region at the same place as SES-8, and was the largest satellite built for SES.[146] The Block 4 first stage was expended,[147] while the second stage was a Block 5 version, delivering more power towards a higher supersynchronous transfer orbit英语supersynchronous transfer orbit with 58,000公里(36,000英里) apogee.[149]
57 2018年6月29日
09:42[150]
F9 B4
B1045.2[151]
CCAFS
SLC-40
SpaceX CRS-15英语SpaceX CRS-15 2,697公斤
(5,946英磅)[152][d]
LEO (ISS) NASA (Commercial Resupply Services英语Commercial Resupply Services) 成功[153] 未嘗試
[142]
Payload included MISSE-FF 2, ECOSTRESS英语ECOSTRESS, and a Latching End Effector. The refurbished booster featured a record 2.5 months period turnaround from its original launch of the TESS satellite — the fastest previous was 4.5 months. This was the last commercial flight of a Block 4 booster, which was expended into the Atlantic without landing legs and grid fins.[154]
58 2018年7月22日
05:50[155]
獵鷹9號 Block 5
Falcon 9 booster B1047英语Falcon 9 booster B1047.1
CCAFS
SLC-40
Telstar 19V英语Telstar 19V[156] 7,075公斤
(15,598英磅)[157]
GTO[158] Telesat英语Telesat 成功[159] 成功[159]
(海上回收)
SSL (company)英语SSL (company)-manufactured communications satellite intended to be placed at 63° West over the Americas,[160] replacing Telstar 14R.[158] At 7,075 kg, it became the heaviest commercial communications satellite ever launched.[161][162] This necessitated that the satellite be launched into a lower-energy orbit than a usual GTO, with its initial apogee at roughly 17,900 km.[158]
59 2018年7月25日
11:39[163]
獵鷹9號 Block 5[164]
Falcon 9 booster B1048英语Falcon 9 booster B1048.1[165]
VAFB
SLC-4E英语SLC-4E
Iridium NEXT英语Iridium NEXT-7
(10 satellites)[56]
9,600公斤
(21,200英磅)
Polar LEO 铱卫星 成功[166] 成功[167]
(海上回收)
Seventh Iridium NEXT launch, with 10 communication satellites.[166] The booster landed safely on the drone ship in the worst weather conditions for any landing yet attempted.[167][166] Mr. Steven boat with an upgraded 4x size net was used to attempt fairing recovery but failed due to harsh weather.[167][166]
60 2018年8月7日
05:18[168]
獵鷹9號 Block 5
Falcon 9 booster B1046英语Falcon 9 booster B1046.2[169]
CCAFS
SLC-40
Merah Putih (satellite)英语Merah Putih (satellite) (formerly Telkom 4)[170][171] 5,800公斤
(12,800英磅)[172]
GTO Telkom Indonesia 成功[173] 成功[173]
(海上回收)
Indonesian comsat intended to replace the aging Telkom 1英语Telkom 1 at 108° E.[174] First reflight of a Block 5-version booster.[175]
61 2018年9月10日
04:45[176]
獵鷹9號 Block 5
B1049.1[96]
CCAFS
SLC-40
Telstar 18V / 亞太衛星-5C[156] 7,060公斤
(15,560英磅)[176]
GTO[176] Telesat英语Telesat 成功[176] 成功[176]
(海上回收)
Condosat for 138° East over Asia and Pacific.[177] Delivered to a GTO orbit with apogee close to 18,000 km.[176]
62 2018年10月8日
02:22[178]
獵鷹9號 Block 5
Falcon 9 booster B1048英语Falcon 9 booster B1048.2[179]
VAFB
SLC-4E英语SLC-4E
SAOCOM 1A英语SAOCOM 1A[180][181] 3,000公斤
(6,600英磅)[178]
SSO CONAE 成功[178] 成功[178]
(陸地回收)
Argentinian Earth-observation satellite was originally intended to be launched in 2012.[182] First landing on the SpaceX Landing Zone 4英语SpaceX Landing Zone 4.[178]
63 2018年11月15日
20:46[183]
獵鷹9號 Block 5
Falcon 9 booster B1047英语Falcon 9 booster B1047.2[96]
KSC
LC-39A
Es'hail 2英语Es'hail 2[184] 5,300公斤
(11,700英磅)[185]
GTO Es'hailSat英语Es'hailSat 成功[186] 成功[186]
(海上回收)
Qatari comsat positioned at 26° E.[184] This launch used redesigned Composite overwrapped pressure vessel英语Composite overwrapped pressure vessel used to store helium to pressurize the stage’s propellant tanks. SpaceX redesigned those COPVs after the September 2016 pad explosion in order to meet NASA safety requirements for future commercial crew missions.[187]
64 2018年12月3日
18:34:05
獵鷹9號 Block 5
Falcon 9 booster B1046英语Falcon 9 booster B1046.3
[96][188]
VAFB
SLC-4E英语SLC-4E
SSO-A英语SSO-A (SmallSat Express) ~4,000公斤
(8,800英磅)[189]
SSO Spaceflight Industries英语Spaceflight Industries 成功[190] 成功[190]
(海上回收)
Rideshare mission[191] where two SHERPA dispensers deployed 64 small satellites,[192][193] including EuCROPIS英语EuCROPIS[194] for the German DLR, HIBER-2 for the Dutch Hiber Global,[195] ITASAT-1 for the Brazilian Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica英语Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica,[196] two high-resolution SkySat英语SkySat imaging satellites for Planet Labs英语Planet Labs,[197] and two high school CubeSats part of NASA's Educational Launch of Nanosatellites英语Educational Launch of Nanosatellites.[198] Kazakhstan decided to use Falcon 9 to launch their 2 satellites, even with the Baikonur Cosmodrome space launch facility within its own borders. This was the first time a booster was used for a third flight.
65 2018年12月5日
18:16
獵鷹9號 Block 5
B1050.1[96]
CCAFS
SLC-40
SpaceX CRS-16英语SpaceX CRS-16 2,500公斤
(5,600英磅)[199][d]
LEO (ISS) NASA (Commercial Resupply Services英语Commercial Resupply Services) 成功 失败[200]
(陸地回收)
First CRS mission with the Falcon 9 Block 5. This carried the Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation lidar英语Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation lidar (GEDI) as an external payload.[201] The mission was delayed by one day due to moldy rodent food for one of the experiments on the Space Station. A previously flown Dragon spacecraft was used for the mission. The booster, in use for the first time, experienced a grid fin hydraulic pump stall on reentry, which caused it to spin out of control and touchdown at sea, heavily damaging the interstage section; this was the first failed landing attempt on a ground pad.[200][202]
66 2018年12月23日
13:51[203]
獵鷹9號 Block 5
B1054.1[204]
CCAFS
SLC-40
GPS IIIA-01 4,400公斤
(9,700英磅)[205]
MEO U.S. Air Force 成功 [203] 未嘗試
[203]
Initially planned for a Delta IV launch,[206] this was SpaceX's first launch of an Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle英语Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle-class payload.[207] There was no attempt to recover the first-stage booster for reuse [208][204] due to the customer's requirements, including a high inclination orbit of 55°.[209]

2019[编辑]

任务编号 时间 (UTC) 版本型號 发射场 载荷 载荷质量 轨道 用户 结果 獵鷹9號一級推進器著陸測試英语Falcon 9 first-stage landing tests
67 January 11, 2019
15:31[210]
獵鷹9號 Block 5
Falcon 9 booster B1049英语Falcon 9 booster B1049[211]
范登堡空軍基地
SLC-4E英语SLC-4E
Iridium NEXT英语Iridium NEXT-8
(10 satellites)[56]
9,600公斤
(21,200英磅)
极轨道 近地轨道 铱卫星 成功 成功
(drone ship)
Final launch of the Iridium NEXT contract, launching 10 satellites.
68 February 22, 2019
01:45[212]
獵鷹9號 Block 5
Falcon 9 booster B1048英语Falcon 9 booster B1048.3[213]
CCAFS SLC-40
4,850公斤
(10,690英磅)[217]
地球同步轉移軌道 成功 成功
(drone ship)
Nusantara Satu is a private Indonesian comsat planned to be located at 146° E,[214] with a launch mass of 4100 kg,[217] and featuring electric propulsion英语electric propulsion for orbit-raising and station-keeping.[218][219] S5, a 60-kg smallsat by the 美国空军研究实验室, was piggybacked on Nusantara Satu, and was deployed near its GEO position to perform a classified space situational awareness mission. This launch opportunity was brokered by Spaceflight Industries英语Spaceflight Industries as "GTO-1".[216]

The Beresheet Moon lander (initially called Sparrow) was one of the candidates for the Google月球X大奖, whose developers SpaceIL英语SpaceIL had secured a launch contract with Spaceflight Industries in October 2015.[220] Its launch mass was 585 kg including fuel.[221] After separating into a supersynchronous transfer orbit英语supersynchronous transfer orbit[222] with an apogee of 69,400 km,[223][221] Beresheet raised its orbit by its own power over two months and flew to the Moon.[222][224] After successfully getting into lunar orbit, Beresheet attempted to land on the Moon on 11 April 2019 but failed.[225]

69 March 2, 2019
07:49[226]
獵鷹9號 Block 5
B1051.1[96][227]
肯尼迪航天中心
LC-39A
SpX-DM1英语SpX-DM1[228]
(Dragon C201)
12,055公斤
(26,577英磅)[229][e]
近地轨道 (国际空间站) 美国国家航空航天局Commercial Crew Development英语Commercial Crew Development 成功 成功
(drone ship)
First flight of the SpaceX 龙飞船2号. This was the first demonstration flight for the Commercial Crew Development英语Commercial Crew Development which awarded SpaceX a contract in September 2014 with flights hoped as early as 2015.[230] The Dragon performed an autonomous docking to the ISS 27 hours after launch with the hatch being opened roughly 2 hours later.[231] The vehicle spent nearly a week docked to the ISS to test critical functions. It undocked roughly a week later on March 8 and splashed down six hours later at 13:45.[232] The Dragon used on this flight was scheduled to fly on the inflight abort test in mid-2019 but was destroyed during testing.[233] The booster B1051.1 replaced B1050[234] and flew again on June 12.
FH 2 April 11, 2019
22:35[235]
獵鷹重型
B1055 core[235]
肯尼迪航天中心
LC-39A
Arabsat-6A英语Arabsat-6A[236] 6,465公斤
(14,253英磅)[237]
地球同步轉移軌道 阿拉伯卫星通信组织英语Arab Satellite Communications Organization 成功 成功[f]
(drone ship)
B1052.1
(side)
成功
(ground pad)
B1053.1
(side)
成功
(ground pad)
Second flight of 獵鷹重型, the first commercial flight, and the first one using Falcon 9 Block 5英语Falcon 9 Block 5 boosters. SpaceX successfully landed the side boosters at Landing Zone 1英语Landing Zone 1 and LZ2 and reused the side boosters later for the Space Test Program英语Space Test Program mission. The central core landed on Autonomous spaceport drone ship英语Autonomous spaceport drone ship Of Course I Still Love You, located 967 km downrange, the furthest sea landing so far attempted.[239][需要更好来源] Despite the successful landing, due to rough seas the central core was unable to be secured to the deck for recovery and later tipped overboard in transit.[240][241] SpaceX recovered the fairing from this launch and later reused it in the November 2019 星链 launch.[242][243] Arabsat-6A英语Arabsat-6A, a 6,465 kg Saudi satellite, is the most advanced commercial communications satellite so far built by 洛克希德·马丁.[244] The Falcon Heavy delivered the Arabsat-6A into a supersynchronous transfer orbit英语supersynchronous transfer orbit with 90,000公里(56,000英里) apogee with an inclination of 23 degrees to the equator.[245]
70 May 4, 2019
06:48
獵鷹9號 Block 5
Falcon 9 booster B1056英语Falcon 9 booster B1056[234]
CCAFS SLC-40 SpaceX CRS-17英语SpaceX CRS-17[52]
(Dragon C113.2)
2,495公斤
(5,501英磅)[246][d]
近地轨道 (国际空间站) 美国国家航空航天局Commercial Resupply Services英语Commercial Resupply Services 成功 成功
(drone ship)
A Commercial Resupply Services英语Commercial Resupply Services to the 国际空间站 carrying nearly 2.5 tons of cargo including the Orbiting Carbon Observatory 3英语Orbiting Carbon Observatory 3 as an external payload.[246] Originally planned to land at Landing Zone 1, the landing was moved to the drone ship after a Dragon 2 had an anomaly during testing at LZ-1.[247]
71 May 24, 2019
02:30
獵鷹9號 Block 5
Falcon 9 booster B1049英语Falcon 9 booster B1049[248]
CCAFS SLC-40 星链 v0.9
(60 satellites)
13,620公斤
(30,030英磅)[249]
近地轨道 SpaceX 成功 成功
(drone ship)
Following the launch of the two Tintin test satellites, this was the first full scale test launch of the Starlink constellation, launching "production design" satellites.[250][251][252] Each Starlink satellite has a mass of 227 kg,[253] and the combined launch mass was 13,620kg the heaviest payload launched by SpaceX at that time.[254] The fairings were recovered[255] and reused for Starlink L5 in March 2020.[256] These are the first commercial satellites to use as fuel for their 离子推力器s, which is cheaper than the usual fuel.[257]
72 June 12, 2019
14:17
獵鷹9號 Block 5
B1051.2[234]
范登堡空軍基地
SLC-4E英语SLC-4E
RADARSAT Constellation英语RADARSAT Constellation
(3 satellites)
4,200公斤
(9,300英磅) [258]
太阳同步轨道 加拿大太空局 成功 成功
(ground pad)
A trio of satellites built for Canada's RADARSAT program were launched that plan to replace the aging RADARSAT-1 and 2. The new satellites contain Automated Identification System (AIS) for locating ships.[258] The mission was originally scheduled to lift off in February but due to the landing failure of booster B1050, this flight was switched to B1051 (used on SpX-DM1) and delayed to allow refurbishment and transport to the West coast.[234] The booster landed safely through fog.[259] A payload cost of roughly $1 billion made this SpaceX's most expensive payload launched[260] and most valuable commercial payload ever put into orbit.[261][260]
FH 3 June 25, 2019
06:30[262]
獵鷹重型
B1057 core[234]
肯尼迪航天中心
LC-39A
Space Test Program英语Space Test Program Flight 2 (STP-2) 3,700公斤
(8,200英磅)
近地轨道 / 中地球轨道 美国空军 成功 失败
(drone ship)
B1052.2
(side) ♺
成功
(ground pad)
B1053.2
(side) ♺
成功
(ground pad)
美国空军 Space Test Program Flight 2 (STP-2)[263] carried 24 small satellites,[264] including: 國家太空中心 (中華民國)-7 A/B/C/D/E/F integrated using EELV Secondary Payload Adapter英语EELV Secondary Payload Adapter,[265] Demonstration and Science Experiments英语Demonstration and Science Experiments, Prox-1[266] Green Propellant Infusion Mission英语Green Propellant Infusion Mission,[267] Deep Space Atomic Clock英语Deep Space Atomic Clock,[268] Innovative Space-based Radar Antenna Technology英语Innovative Space-based Radar Antenna Technology, SET,[269] 福爾摩沙衛星七號, Oculus-ASR, OBT, NPSat,[270] and several CubeSats including E-TBEx,[271] LightSail 2英语LightSail 2,[272] TEPCE, PSAT, and three Educational Launch of Nanosatellites英语Educational Launch of Nanosatellites CubeSats. Total payload mass was 3,700 kg.[273] The mission lasted six hours during which the second stage ignited four times and went into different orbits to deploy satellites including a "propulsive passivation maneuver".[274][275]

The side boosters from the Arabsat-6A mission just 2.5 months before were reused on this flight and successfully returned to LZ-1 and LZ-2.[234] The center core, in use for the first time, underwent the most energetic reentry attempted by SpaceX, and attempted a landing over 1,200公里(750英里) downrange, 30% further than any previous landing.[276] This core suffered a thrust vector control failure in the center engine caused by a breach in the engine bay due to the extreme heat. The core thus failed its landing attempt on the drone ship Of Course I Still Love You due to lack of control when the outer engines shut down.[277] For the first time one fairing half was successfully landed on the catch-net of the support ship GO Ms. Tree (ship)英语Ms. Tree (ship) (formerly Mr. Steven).[278]

73 July 25, 2019
22:01[279]
獵鷹9號 Block 5
Falcon 9 booster B1056英语Falcon 9 booster B1056[280]
CCAFS SLC-40 SpaceX CRS-18英语SpaceX CRS-18[52]
(Dragon C108.3)
2,268公斤
(5,000英磅)[279][d]
近地轨道 (国际空间站) 美国国家航空航天局Commercial Resupply Services英语Commercial Resupply Services 成功 成功
(ground pad)
This launch carried nearly 9,000 individual unique payloads including over one ton of science experiments, the most so far launched on a 龙飞船. The third International Docking Adapter英语International Docking Adapter (IDA-3), a replacement for the first IDA lost during the SpaceX CRS-7 launch anomaly, was one of the external payloads on this mission.[281] Along with food and science, the Dragon also carried the Educational Launch of Nanosatellites英语Educational Launch of Nanosatellites RFTSat CubeSat[282] and MakerSat-1 which will be used to demonstrate microgravity additive manufacturing. The satellite is expected to be launched by a 天鵝座宇宙飛船 dispenser later in July.

The booster used on this flight was the same used on SpaceX CRS-17英语SpaceX CRS-17 earlier in the year; originally, it was planned to reuse it again for the SpaceX CRS-19英语SpaceX CRS-19 mission later this year[283], but the plan was scrapped. For the first time, the twice flown 龙飞船 spacecraft also made a third flight.[284] Also used for the first time was a gray-band painted where the RP-1 tank is located, to help with thermal conductivity and thus saving fuel during long coasts.[285]

74 August 6, 2019
23:23[286]
獵鷹9號 Block 5
Falcon 9 booster B1047英语Falcon 9 booster B1047[287]
CCAFS SLC-40 Amos-17英语Amos-17[288] 6,500公斤
(14,300英磅)[289]
地球同步轉移軌道 Spacecom英语Spacecom 成功 No attempt[289]
Following the loss of AMOS-6英语AMOS-6 in September 2016, Spacecom was granted a free launch in compensation for the lost satellite.[290] Due to the free launch, Spacecom was able to expend the booster with no extra cost that comes with expending a booster, and thus could reach final orbit quicker. This booster became the second Block 5 booster to be expended.[289][291] For the second time, Ms. Tree managed to catch a fairing half directly into its net.[292]
75 November 11, 2019
14:56[293]
獵鷹9號 Block 5
B1048英语B1048
CCAFS SLC-40 星链 1 v1.0 (60 satellites) 15,600公斤
(34,400英磅)[249]
近地轨道 Spacecom英语Spacecom 成功 成功
(drone ship)
Second large batch of Starlink satellites and the first operational mission of the constellation, it launched in a roughly 290公里(180英里) orbit at an inclination of 53°. At 15,600 kg, it is the heaviest payload so far launched by SpaceX, breaking the record set by the Starlink v0.9 flight earlier that year.[249] This flight marked the first time that a Falcon 9 booster made a fourth flight and landing.[294] This was also the first time that a Falcon 9 re-used fairings (from ArabSat-6A in April 2019).[243] It was planned to recover the fairings with both Ms. Tree and Ms. Chief but the plan was abandoned due to rough seas.[249]
76 December 5, 2019
17:29[295]
獵鷹9號 Block 5
B1059.1[296]
CCAFS SLC-40 SpaceX CRS-19英语SpaceX CRS-19[297]
(Dragon C106.3)
2,617公斤
(5,769英磅) [d]
近地轨道 (国际空间站) 美国国家航空航天局Commercial Resupply Services英语Commercial Resupply Services 成功 成功
(drone ship)
Second re-supply flight to use a Cargo Dragon for the third time.[298] This flight carried Robotic Tool Stowage (RiTS), a docking station that allows equipment that looks for leaks on the Space Station be stored on the outside. Also onboard were upgrades for the Cold Atom Laboratory英语Cold Atom Laboratory. Onboard experiments include the testing of the spread of fire in space, mating barley in microgravity and experiments to test muscle and bone growth in microgravity.[299] Secondary payloads include the Hyperspectral Imager Suite (HISUI), an experiment to image high resolution across all colours of the light spectrum, allowing for imaging of soil, rocks, vegetation, snow, ice and man-made objects. Additionally, there were three CubeSats from NASA's Educational Launch of Nanosatellites英语Educational Launch of Nanosatellites mission,[300] including the AztechSat-1 satellite built by students in Mexico.[299]
77 December 17, 2019
00:10[301]
獵鷹9號 Block 5
B1056英语B1056[296]
CCAFS SLC-40 JSAT (satellite constellation)英语JSAT (satellite constellation) / Kacific英语Kacific 1[302] 6,956公斤
(15,335英磅)[301]
地球同步轉移軌道 SKY Perfect JSAT集團
Kacific
成功 成功
(drone ship)
Singaporean-Japanese CondoSat英语CondoSat that will cover the Asia-Pacific region.[303] Due to the heavy weight of the payload, it was injected into a lower energy sub-synchronous orbit of 20,000 km; the satellite itself will transfer to full GTO. This was the third Falcon 9 launch for JSAT and the previous two were in 2016. SpaceX successfully landed B1056.3 but both fairing halves missed the recovery boats Ms. Tree and Ms. Chief.[304]

2020[编辑]

任務編號 發射時間(协调世界时) 版本型號 發射場 載荷 載荷質量 軌道 用戶 結果 獵鷹9號一級推進器著陸測試英语Falcon 9 first-stage landing tests
78 2020年1月7日
02:33[305]
獵鷹9號 Block 5
B1049英语B1049
卡纳维拉尔角空军基地
卡纳维拉尔角空军基地40号航天发射台
星链 2 v1.0 (60 satellites) 15,600公斤
(34,400英磅)[249]
近地轨道 SpaceX 成功 成功
(無人駕駛著陸船)
Starlink星座的第三次大批量飛行和第二次運行飛行。 60顆衛星中的一顆包含測試塗層,以使該衛星具有較低的反射性,因此也不太可能干擾基於地面的天文觀測。[306]
79 2020年1月19日
15:30[307]
獵鷹9號 Block 5
B1046英语B1046
KSC
LC-39A
龙飞船2号[308] (Dragon C205) 12,050公斤
(26,570英磅)
次軌道太空飛行[309] 美国国家航空航天局 (ISS Crew Transportation Services英语ISS Crew Transportation Services)[310] 成功 No attempt
An atmospheric test of the 龙飞船2号 abort system after Max Q英语Max Q. The capsule fired its SuperDraco engines, reached an apogee of 40 km(25 mi), deployed parachutes after reentry, and splashdown英语splashdown in the ocean 31 km(19 mi) downrange from the launch site. The test was previously slated to be accomplished with the SpX-DM1英语SpX-DM1 capsule;[311] but that test article exploded during a ground test of SuperDraco engines on April 20, 2019.[233] The abort test used the capsule originally intended for the first crewed flight.[312] As expected, the booster was destroyed by aerodynamic forces after the capsule aborted.[313]
80 2020年1月29日
14:07[314]
獵鷹9號 Block 5
Falcon 9 booster B1051英语Falcon 9 booster B1051
卡纳维拉尔角空军基地
卡纳维拉尔角空军基地40号航天发射台
星链 3 v1.0 (60 satellites) 15,600公斤
(34,400英磅)[249]
近地轨道 SpaceX 成功 成功
(無人駕駛著陸船)
部署在290公里圓形軌道上的第三批和第四批Starlink衛星。 一半的整流罩被抓住了,而另一半則被撈出了大海。[315]
81 2020年2月17日
15:05[316]
獵鷹9號 Block 5
Falcon 9 booster B1056英语Falcon 9 booster B1056
卡纳维拉尔角空军基地
SLC-40
星链 4 v1.0 (60 satellites) 15,600公斤
(34,400英磅)[249]
近地轨道 SpaceX 成功 失败
(無人駕駛著陸船)
Fourth operational and fifth large batch of Starlink satellites. Used a new flight profile which deployed into a 212×386 km elliptical orbit instead of launching into a circular orbit and firing the second stage engine twice. The first stage booster failed to land on the drone ship[317] due to incorrect wind data.[318] This was the first time a flight proven booster failed to land.
82 2020年3月7日 04:50[319] 獵鷹9號 Block 5
B1059.2
卡纳维拉尔角空军基地
SLC-40
SpaceX CRS-20英语SpaceX CRS-20
(Dragon C112.3)
1,977公斤
(4,359英磅)[320] [d]
近地轨道 (国际空间站) 美国国家航空航天局 (Commercial Resupply Services英语Commercial Resupply Services) 成功 成功
(ground pad)
Last launch of phase 1 of the CRS contract. Carries Bartolomeo, an 欧洲空间局 platform for hosting external payloads onto ISS.[321] Originally scheduled to launch on March 2, the launch date was pushed back due to a second stage engine failure. SpaceX decided to swap out the second stage instead of replacing the faulty part. It was SpaceX's 50th successful landing of a first stage booster, the third flight of the Dragon C112 and the last launch of the cargo 龙飞船 spacecraft.
83 2020年3月18日 12:16[322] 獵鷹9號 Block 5
Falcon 9 booster B1048英语Falcon 9 booster B1048
KSC
LC-39A
星链 5 v1.0 (60 satellites) 15,600公斤
(34,400英磅)[249]
近地轨道 SpaceX 成功 失败
(無人駕駛著陸船)
Fifth operational launch of Starlink satellites. It was the first time a first stage booster flew for a fifth time and the second time the fairings were reused (Starlink flight in May 2019).[323] Towards the end for the first stage burn, the booster suffered premature shut down of an engine, the first of a 默林火箭发动机 variant and first since the CRS-1 mission in October 2012. However, the payload still reached the targeted orbit.[324] This was the second Starlink launch booster landing failure in a row, later revealed to be caused by residual cleaning fluid trapped inside a sensor.[325]
84 2020年4月22日 19:30[326] 獵鷹9號 Block 5
Falcon 9 booster B1051英语Falcon 9 booster B1051
KSC
LC-39A
星链 6 v1.0 (60 satellites) 15,600公斤
(34,400英磅)[249]
近地轨道 SpaceX 成功 成功
(無人駕駛著陸船)
Sixth operational launch of Starlink satellites. As the 84th flight of the Falcon 9 rocket, it became the most-flown currently operational US rocket, surpassing 擎天神5號運載火箭's 83 flights flown since 2002.[327]
85 2020年5月30日  19:22[105] 獵鷹9號 Block 5
B1058.1[328]
KSC
LC-39A
载人龙飞船示范2号[228]
(Dragon C206/Endeavour)
~12,055公斤
(26,577英磅)[329][e][需要更好来源]
近地轨道 (国际空间站) 美国国家航空航天局 (Commercial Crew Development英语Commercial Crew Development) 成功 成功
(無人駕駛著陸船)
First crewed orbital spaceflight from American soil since Space Shuttle STS-135 in July 2011. 龙飞船2号 carried its first crew, NASA astronauts Douglas Hurley英语Douglas Hurley and Bob Behnken英语Bob Behnken, on a two to three month test mission, during which the astronauts will work as full-time 国际空间站 crew. This flight used a new booster. It is scheduled for a 6-16 week stay at ISS, and was the first NASA flight to use the NASA insignia英语NASA insignia since 1992. The live event proved immensely popular, amassing 10 million people watching live[330] of which 7.9 million viewers across 3 YouTube streams, with the SpaceX's stream hitting 4.1 million unique viewers at its peak. 唐納·川普 was the third sitting president to watch a crewed launch from Florida, and first since 1988.[331]
86 2020年6月4日 01:25[332] 獵鷹9號 Block 5
獵鷹9號一級推進器列表
卡纳维拉尔角空军基地
SLC-40
星鏈-7 v1.0 (60顆衛星) 15,600公斤
(34,400英磅)[249]
LEO SpaceX 成功 成功
(無人駕駛著陸船)
在獵鷹9號首飛10週年之際,第七次發射Starlink衛星。 隨附的“ VisorSat”衛星測試,使用遮光罩以減少反射率[333] First booster to successfully land five times, and first to land on 無人駕駛著陸船 since it was moved to the East Coast.
87 2020年6月13日
09:21[334]
獵鷹9號 Block 5
B1059.3
卡纳维拉尔角空军基地
SLC-40
Starlink 8 v1.0 (58顆衛星),[335][336]
SkySat英语SkySat
15,410公斤
(33,970英磅)[334]
LEO SpaceX / Planet Labs英语Planet Labs 成功 成功
(無人駕駛著陸船)
Eighth operational launch of Starlink satellites. Included SkySat英语SkySat as rideshare payloads.[337] One payload fairing half launched on JSAT (satellite constellation)英语JSAT (satellite constellation) / Kacific Broadband Satellites英语Kacific Broadband Satellites 1 mission in December 2019. The other payload fairing half flew on Starlink 2 v1.0 in January 2020.[338] For the first time ever, SpaceX did not perform a static fire before launch.
88 2020年6月30日
20:10[339]
獵鷹9號 Block 5
獵鷹9號一級推進器列表
卡纳维拉尔角空军基地
SLC-40
GPS卫星-GPS卫星列表 (Columbus)[207] 4,311公斤
(9,504英磅)[340]
MEO 美國太空軍[340] 成功 成功
(drone ship)
Manufacturing contract awarded January 2012,[341] was fully assembled in August 2017,[342][343] and completed thermal vacuum testing in June 2018.[344] The launch contract was awarded to SpaceX for $96.5 million,[345] but later, this price was discounted in exchange for allowing to launch configuration enabling booster recovery.[346] The Columbus GPS III vehicle was transported to Florida in February 2020.[347] The launch was delayed by the customer from April 2020 due to the 2019冠状病毒病 pandemic.[348] This flight was dedicated to the memory of the late commander of the 45th Operations Group, COL Thomas G. Falzarano, who died unexpectedly on 13 May 2020.[349][350]
89 2020年7月20日
21:30[351]
獵鷹9號 Block 5
獵鷹9號一級推進器列表[352]
卡纳维拉尔角空军基地
卡纳维拉尔角空军基地40号航天发射台
ANASIS-II 5000-6000 kg 地球同步轉移軌道 韓國陸軍 成功 成功
(drone ship)
At 5-6 tonnes, the satellite formerly known as K-Milsat-1 will be South Korea's first dedicated military satellite. Contracted by South Korea's Defense Acquisition Program Administration英语Defense Acquisition Program Administration in 2014.[353] This is the second mission for this Falcon booster, designated B1058, and 57th successful recovery of a Falcon 9 first stage. Both fairing halves were also successfully caught by Ms. Tree (ship)英语Ms. Tree (ship).[354] This is also the fastest turnaround time of the a booster, reflight within 51 days. It was the same booster that launched the 载人龙飞船示范2号 spacecraft on May 30.[351] The satellite was delivered to a Super-Synchronous Transfer Orbit of 211 x 45,454 km.
90 2020年8月7日,
05:12[355]
獵鷹9號 Block 5
獵鷹9號一級推進器列表
KSC
LC-39A
星鏈 9 v1.0 (57顆衛星),[356]
Spaceflight Industries英语Spaceflight Industries
14,932 kg LEO SpaceX
Spaceflight Industries英语Spaceflight Industries (BlackSky)
成功 成功
(drone ship)
Ninth operational launch of Starlink satellites. This mission carried 57 Starlink satellites and two Spaceflight Industries英语Spaceflight Industries satellites as rideshare;[357] first Starlink rideshare contracted with Spaceflight Industries, dubbed internally as "SXRS-1".[358] After previously testing on a single Starlink, the launch will have all 57 satellites include a "VisorSat" to reduce their brightness.[359]
91 2020年8月18日
14:31[105]
獵鷹9號 Block 5
獵鷹9號一級推進器列表[352]
卡纳维拉尔角空军基地
卡纳维拉尔角空军基地40号航天发射台
星鏈 10 v1.0 (58顆衛星)
SkySat英语SkySat-19, -20, -21
~15,440公斤(34,040英磅) LEO SpaceX
Planet Labs英语Planet Labs
成功 成功
(drone ship)
Starlink flight including SkySat英语SkySat-19, -20, -21 rideshare.[337] First time a booster made a 6th flight.[360] The fairings previously flew on Starlink 3 v1.0. One fairing half was caught by Go Ms. Tree, the other was scooped out of the ocean.[337]
92 30 August 2020
23:18[361]
獵鷹9號Block 5
獵鷹9號一級推進器列表[352]
CCAFS,
SLC-40[362]
SAOCOM 1B英语SAOCOM 1B[363]
GNOMES 1[363]
Tyvak英语Tyvak[364]
3,130公斤(6,900英磅)[365] 太阳同步轨道 CONAE英语CONAE
PlanetiQ
Tyvak英语Tyvak
成功 成功
(ground pad)
Deployment of Earth-observing satellites built by Argentina's space agency CONAE. SpaceX was contracted in 2009 for an initial launch as early as 2013.[366] Originally planned for launch from Vandenberg but launched from Cape Canaveral, which made it the first flight from there using the southern corridor to a polar orbit since 1969.[362] The mission included two rideshare payloads, GNOMES 1 and Tyvak-0172.[363]
93 3 September 2020
12:46:14[367]
獵鷹9號 Block 5
B1060.2[368]
KSC,
LC-39A
星鏈 11 v1.0 (60 satellites) 15,600公斤(34,400英磅)[249] LEO SpaceX 成功 成功
(drone ship)
Eleventh operational launch of Starlink satellites bringing the total to 713 launched Starlink satellites.[369]
94 6 October 2020
11:29:34
獵鷹9號 Block 5
B1058.3[370]
KSC,
LC-39A
星鏈 12 v1.0 (60顆衛星) 15,600公斤(34,400英磅)[249] LEO SpaceX 成功 成功
(drone ship)
Twelfth operational launch of Starlink satellites, which for the first time used a fairing half on its third launch.[371] Also, the B1058 holds the title for the shortest time a booster reached 3 flights which is 129 days beating B1046 by 77 days.
95 18 October 2020
12:25:57
獵鷹9號 Block 5
B1051.6 [372]
KSC,
SLC-39A
星鏈 13 v1.0 (60顆衛星) 15,600公斤(34,400英磅) [249] LEO SpaceX 成功 成功
(drone ship)
Thirteenth operational launch of Starlink satellites. Second time a booster was flown six times and first time both fairing halves were flown a third time. Both fairing halves landed on their respective ships but one fairing broke the net on Ms Tree.[373]

未來發射任務[编辑]

2020[编辑]

日期(UTC) 載具型號 發射場 載荷物 軌道 營運商 23 October 2020
15:53[361]
F9 B5
B1060.3 [374]
CCAFS,
SLC-40
星鏈 14 v1.0 LEO SpaceX
2020年9月 獵鷹9號 Block 5 CCAFS
SLC-40
Starlink 13 v1.0[375] LEO SpaceX
TBA[361] 獵鷹9號 Block 5
B1060.2[352]
CCAFS,SLC-40KSC,LC-39A SXM 7[376] GTO Sirius XM
2020年9月30日[361] 獵鷹9號 Block 5
B1062.1
CCAFS
SLC-40
GPS III-04[377][205] MEO USSF[340]
2020年Q4[361][378] 獵鷹9號 Block 5 CCAFS,SLC-40KSC,LC-39A Türksat 5A[379] GTO Türksat
2020年[380] 獵鷹9號 Block 5 CCAFS,SLC-40KSC,LC-39A SXM 8[376] GTO Sirius XM
2020年Q4[381] 獵鷹9號 Block 5 CCAFS,SLC-40KSC,LC-39A GPS III-05[205] MEO USSF[340]
2020年10月23日
~9:47[361]
獵鷹9號 Block 5
B1061.1[382]
KSC
LC-39A
Crew-1
(Crew Dragon C207)
LEO (ISS) NASA (CTS)[310]
2020年11月[361] 獵鷹9號 Block 5 CCAFS
SLC-40
SpaceX CRS-21 LEO (ISS) NASA (CRS)
2020年11月[383] 獵鷹9號 Block 5 VAFB
SLC-4E[383]
Jason-CS (Sentinel-6A)[383] LEO NASA
2020年11月–2021年9月[384] 獵鷹9號 Block 5 VAFB
SLC-4E
SARah 1[385][386]
Co-passenger to be announced.[386]
SSO German Intelligence Service
2020年11月[387] 獵鷹9號 Block 5 CCAFS,SLC-40KSC,LC-39A Starlink possibly with smallsat rideshare LEO SpaceX
2020年Q4 [388][361] 獵鷹重型[389] KSC
LC-39A
USSF-44[390] GEO[391] USSF
2020年12月1日[392][387] 獵鷹9號 Block 5 CCAFS,SLC-40KSC,LC-39A Starlink with ELaNa 35 (PTD-1)[392][387] LEO SpaceX
2020年12月16日[393][387] 獵鷹9號 Block 5 + SHERPA-FX CCAFS,SLC-40KSC,LC-39A[394] or VAFB, SLC-4ETemplate:Citation Needed SmallSat Rideshare Mission 1 SSO Various
2020年Q4[395] 獵鷹9號 Block 5 CCAFS,SLC-40KSC,LC-39A MicroGeo (secondary payload)[396] GTO Astranis

发射统计数据[编辑]

從2010年6月至2017年10月,猎鹰9号系列运载火箭共发射了44次,其中42次任务完全成功(成功率95.5%),1次部分成功(成功将主载荷送入轨道,但一个次级载荷进入了低于预期的轨道), SpaceX CRS-7(全部损失)。另外,Amos-6英语Amos-6于发射前在发射台上为静态点火测试作准备时因爆炸被摧毁。24次火箭回收尝试中有19次成功(成功率79.2%)。

火箭第一版猎鹰9号1.0版在2010年6月到2013年3月间发射了5次。它的后继者猎鹰9号1.1版在2013年9月到2016年1月间发射了15次。最新升级的猎鹰9号全推力版从2015年12月至今共发射32次。

火箭配置[编辑]

5
10
15
20

发射地点[编辑]

5
10
15
20
2010
'11
'12
'13
'14
2015
'16
'17
'18

发射结果[编辑]

5
10
15
20
2010
'11
'12
'13
'14
2015
'16
'17
'18
  •   发射前失败
  •   发射中失败
  •   部分成功
  •   成功

一级火箭着陆[编辑]

5
10
15
20
2010
'11
'12
'13
'14
2015
'16
'17
'18
  •   地面回收失败
  •   海上驳船回收失败
  •   海面降落失败
  •   降落伞回收失败
  •   陆地回收成功
  •   海上驳船回收成功
  •   海面降落成功
  •   未尝试

注釋[编辑]

  1. ^ 為一個未有指明的美國政府機構行事。
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 2.2 A successful "ocean landing" denotes a controlled atmospheric entry, descent and vertical splashdown on the ocean's surface at zero velocity; for purposes of gathering test data; such boosters were subsequently destroyed at sea.
  3. ^ Payload comprises five Iridium satellites weighing 860 kg each,[138] two GRACE-FO satellites weighing 580 kg each,[139] plus a 1,000-kg dispenser.[140]
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 In addition, the Dragon capsule has a dry mass of 4,200公斤(9,300英磅)
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 Total payload mass includes the Crew Dragon capsule, fuel, suited mannequin, instrumentation and 204 kg of cargo.
  6. ^ Despite making a successful landing, de-tanking and heading back home, the stage tipped over at sea. This is still considered a successful landing as the stage damage occurred while in transport.[238]

參考資料[编辑]

  1. ^ Shotwell, Gwynne. Gwynne Shotwell comments at Commercial Space Transportation Conference. Commercial Spaceflight. 事件发生在 2:43:15–3:10:05. 2016-02-03 [2016-02-04]. (原始内容存档于2020-05-30). We're still going to call it 'Falcon 9' but it's the full thrust upgrade. 
  2. ^ Falcon 9 Launch Vehicle Payload User's Guide, Rev 2 (PDF). 2015-10-21 [2016-01-27]. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2017-03-14). 
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Clark, Stephen. Q&A with SpaceX founder and chief designer Elon Musk. Spaceflight Now. 2012-05-18 [2012-06-29]. The next version of Falcon 9 will be used for everything. The last flight of version 1.0 will be Flight 5. All future missions after Flight 5 will be v1.1. 
  4. ^ Clark, Stephen. Falcon Launch Report – Mission Status Center. Spaceflight Now. [2010-12-08]. 
  5. ^ NRO Taps Boeing for Next Batch of Cubesats. SpaceNews (publication)英语SpaceNews (publication). 2010-04-08 [2010-04-12]. 
  6. ^ Falcon 9/Dragon Launch: Engine repair expected by tonight. 太空探索科技公司. 2012-05-19 [2012-05-20]. [永久失效連結]
  7. ^ Carreau, Mark. SpaceX Station Cargo Mission Eyes November Launch. Aerospace Daily & Defense Report (Aviation Week英语Aviation Week). 2011-07-20 [2016-03-06]. 
  8. ^ Clark, Stephen. Dragon circling Earth after flawless predawn blastoff. Spaceflight Now (Tonbridge, Kent, United Kingdom). 2012-05-22 [2012-05-22]. (原始内容存档于2012-05-22). 
  9. ^ SpaceX, NASA Target Oct. 7 Launch For Resupply Mission To Space Station. 美国国家航空航天局. 2012-09-20 [2012-09-26]. 
  10. ^ SpaceX Launch Manifest. 太空探索科技公司. [2012-09-25]. (原始内容存档于2009-04-14). 
  11. ^ de Selding, Peter B. Orbcomm Eagerly Awaits Launch of New Satellite on Next Falcon 9. SpaceNews (publication)英语SpaceNews (publication). 2012-05-25 [2012-05-28]. (原始内容存档于2016-05-06). 
  12. ^ de Selding, Peter B. Orbcomm Craft Launched by Falcon 9 Falls out of Orbit. SpaceNews英语SpaceNews. 2012-10-11 [2012-10-12]. Orbcomm requested that SpaceX carry one of their small satellites (weighing a few hundred pounds, vs. Dragon at over 12,000 pounds)... The higher the orbit, the more test data [Orbcomm] can gather, so they requested that we attempt to restart and raise altitude. NASA agreed to allow that, but only on condition that there be substantial propellant reserves, since the orbit would be close to the space station. It is important to appreciate that Orbcomm understood from the beginning that the orbit-raising maneuver was tentative. They accepted that there was a high risk of their satellite remaining at the Dragon insertion orbit. SpaceX would not have agreed to fly their satellite otherwise, since this was not part of the core mission and there was a known, material risk of no altitude raise. 
  13. ^ Editorial. First Outing for SpaceX. 纽约时报. 2012-10-30 [2016-01-17]. 
  14. ^ Dragon Mission Report. Spaceflight Now. [2012-11-15]. (原始内容存档于2015-05-02). 
  15. ^ 15.0 15.1 NASA's Consolidated Launch Schedule. 美国国家航空航天局. 2012-12-31 [2013-01-04]. (原始内容存档于2019-01-29). 
  16. ^ 16.0 16.1 16.2 SpaceX Launch Manifest. 太空探索科技公司. [2013-01-04]. (原始内容存档于2009-04-14). 
  17. ^ Dragon Mission Report | Q&A with SpaceX founder and chief designer Elon Musk. Spaceflight Now. 2012-05-18 [2012-05-25]. 
  18. ^ SpaceX webcast—Rescheduled after countdown held at −3:40 min. 太空探索科技公司. 2013-11-25 [2013-11-25]. (原始内容存档于2013-11-26). 
  19. ^ Brost, Kirstin; Feltes, Yves. SpaceX and SES Announce Satellite Launch Agreement (新闻稿). 太空探索科技公司 and SES S.A.英语SES S.A.. 2011-03-14 [2016-03-06]. Falcon 9 booster to launch SES-8 to GTO in 2013 […] SES is one of the largest satellite operators in the world, and the deal marks what will be the first geostationary satellite launch using SpaceX’s Falcon 9 rocket. The firm launch agreement with SpaceX also includes an option for a second SES launch. It supplements SES’ existing multi-launch agreements with its traditional launch providers Arianespace and ILS. […] The SES-8 satellite is scheduled to launch in the first quarter of 2013 from SpaceX’s Launch Complex 40 at the Air Force Station at Cape Canaveral, Florida. 
  20. ^ Morring, Frank, Jr. Satellite Operators Boost Launcher Competition. Aviation Week & Space Technology. 2011-03-21 [2016-03-06]. The decision by SES to launch a medium-size geostationary communications satellite on a Space Exploration Technologies (SpaceX) Falcon 9 rocket marks another effort by satellite operators to add to their bottom lines by taking a tight-fisted approach to the prices they pay for launch services. […] SES-8 is scheduled to launch in the first quarter of 2013 to the orbital slot at 95 deg. East Long., where it will be co-located with the NSS-6 satellite to support growing demand for direct-to-home broadcast TV delivery in South Asia and Southeast Asia, as well as customers in the Middle East, Afghanistan, Australia, Papua New Guinea and Korea. 
  21. ^ SpaceflightNow Mission Status Center. Spaceflight Now. [2013-12-03]. (原始内容存档于2014-03-28). 
  22. ^ Graham, William. SpaceX Falcon 9 v1.1 launches Thaicom-6 at first attempt. NASASpaceFlight.com英语NASASpaceFlight.com. 2014-01-05 [2017-04-03]. (原始内容存档于2014-01-08). 
  23. ^ de Selding, Peter B. SpaceX Delivers Thaicom-6 Satellite to Orbit. SpaceNews (publication)英语SpaceNews (publication). 2014-01-06 [2014-01-07]. 
  24. ^ Launch Schedule. 美国国家航空航天局. [2014-02-06]. 
  25. ^ Falcon 9 Launches Orbcomm OG2 Satellites to Orbit. 太空探索科技公司. 2014-07-14 [2014-08-06]. (原始内容存档于2016-07-06). 
  26. ^ 26.0 26.1 26.2 26.3 26.4 26.5 Launch Manifest - SpaceX. 太空探索科技公司. [2013-07-31]. (原始内容存档于2020-05-09). 
  27. ^ 27.0 27.1 Clark, Stephen. SpaceX to launch AsiaSat craft from Cape Canaveral. Spaceflight Now. 2012-02-08 [2012-02-09]. (原始内容存档于2012-02-11). 
  28. ^ Shanklin, Emily; Cubbon, Sabrina; Pang, Winnie. SpaceX AsiaSat 8 Press Kit (PDF). 太空探索科技公司 and 亞洲衛星. 2014-08-04 [2016-03-06]. 
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