瑞典-挪威联盟

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United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway
瑞典及挪威联合王国
政合国

 

1814-1905
 

联盟标志和外交标志1844至1905年 國徽
瑞典和挪威位置图
Sweden and Norway in 1905
首都 斯德哥尔摩克里斯蒂安尼亞[a]
常用語言 瑞典语丹麦语挪威语[b]萨米语
主要宗教 基督新教路德宗
政体 Constitutional monarchies
国王
- 1814–1818 Charles XIII/II
- 1818–1844 Charles XIV/III John
- 1844–1859 Oscar I
- 1859–1872 Charles XV/IV
- 1872–1905 Oscar II
立法機構 立法院:[d]
- 瑞典 国会
- 挪威 大议会
歷史時期 19th century
 - Treaty of Kiel 14 January 1814
 - Charles XIII elected king of Norway 18144 November
 - Constitution of Norway amended 4 November 1814
 - Monetary union 16 October 1875
 - Norway declares independence 7 June 1905
 - Union dissolved 13 August 1905
 - Oscar II renounces claims to Norway 190526 October
面積
- 1905 774,184 平方公里
人口
- 1820估計 3,550,000[c]
- 1905估計 7,560,000[c]
貨幣 Sweden:
Riksdaler,
(1814–1873)
瑞典克朗
(1873–1905)
Norway:
Speciedaler,
(1814–1875)
挪威克朗
(1875–1905)
a. ^ The king resided alternately in Stockholm (mostly) and Christiania (usually some months each year). He received ministers from both countries in Union council, or separately in purely Swedish or Norwegian councils. The majority of the Norwegian cabinet ministers convened in Christiania when the king was absent.

b. ^ The written Norwegian language ceased to exist in the first half of the 16th century and was replaced by Danish. Written Danish was still used during the union with Sweden, but was slightly norwegianized in the latter half of the 19th century. In 1885, the Storting accepted Landsmål as an official written language at par with Danish.
c. ^ 1820: 2,585,000 in Sweden, and 970,000 in Norway.[1]
1905: 5,260,000 in Sweden, and 2,300,000 in Norway.[2]
d. ^ The Swedish Riksdag was a diet composed of four estates until 1866, when it was transformed into a bicameral legislature. The Norwegian Storting was a unicameral legislature, where the cabinet needed support from the majority.

瑞典-挪威联盟瑞典語Svensk-norska unionen挪威语Unionen mellom Sverige og Norge),略稱「瑞典-挪威」。

拿破崙戰爭中,瑞典1813年正式加入反法同盟。根據1814年基爾條約,瑞典可從丹麥手中獲得挪威,但是挪威乘機宣布獨立並頒布了憲法。瑞典於此時發動了一場短暫的戰爭,挪威投降,被迫作為一個臣屬國,服從於瑞典國王,即由瑞典方主導的「瑞典-挪威聯盟」,該聯盟於1905年解散。因此,瑞典-挪威聯盟是指瑞典挪威兩個王國於1814年1905年成立的共主邦聯的聯盟。

瑞典-挪威聯盟 (1888)
  1. ^ Skandinaviens befolkning. 
  2. ^ SSB – 100 års ensomhet? Norge og Sverige 1905–2005 (in Norwegian)