生物恐怖主義

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生物恐怖主義就是恐怖主義涉及有意釋放或傳播的生物製劑(細菌病毒毒素)。這可能會對自然或人類有害。

定義[编辑]

根據美國疾病控制與預防中心:

A bioterrorism attack is the deliberate release of viruses, bacteria, or other germs (agents) used to cause illness or death in people, animals, or plants. These agents are typically found in nature, but it is possible that they could be changed to increase their ability to cause disease, make them resistant to current medicines, or to increase their ability to be spread into the environment. Biological agents can be spread through the air, through water, or in food. Terrorists may use biological agents because they can be extremely difficult to detect and do not cause illness for several hours to several days. Some bioterrorism agents, like the smallpox virus, can be spread from person to person and some, like anthrax, cannot.[1]

参考翻译:

生物恐怖袭击指的是故意释放出病毒、细菌或其它微生物(称为生物制剂),以达到使人类、动物或植物致病致死的目的。制剂基本上来源于自然界,但是很可能被培养产生一定的变化,以使其增强致病性,获得对已有药剂的耐药性,或者增加在环境中传播的能力。生物制剂的传播方式包括空气传播、水传播或食物传播等。恐怖分子使用生物制剂的理由在于其很难被监测出来,并且具有几小时至几天不等的潜伏期。生物恐怖制剂可能具有在人与人之间传播的能力,如天花病毒,也可能没有这种能力,如炭疽菌。

参见[编辑]

參考文獻[编辑]

  1. ^ Bioterrorism Overview, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2008-02-12 [2009-05-22]