电子游戏分级系统

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电子游戏分级系统是一種用於分別電子遊戲對各年齡人士的合適度的分級系統。大部份這些系統都是由政府資助,有時更是包括在地方電影分級制度的一部份。電子遊戲分級系統可作為法律的依據,監察遊戲銷售商或商店,以限制某些遊戲售賣給未成年人。且隨著社會保護風氣升高,許多國家內縱使是最低級別,也都要求在三到六歲之間,以避免過小年齡的嬰兒接觸聲光效果。

比較[编辑]

以下為現存電子遊戲分級的比較。

Key:

  •  White : Aimed at young audiences / All ages may play / Exempt / Not rated / No applicable rating.
  •  Yellow : Parental guidance is suggested.
  •  Purple : Not recommended for a younger audience but not restricted.
  •  Red : Restricted to an older audience unless accompanied by an adult.
  •  Black : Restricted exclusively to an older audience / Banned.
Country/System 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Other Notes
App Store (iOS) N/A 4+ 9+ 12+ 17+ No Rating Ratings are required for applications to be released or sold on the App Store.
Argentina ATP +13 +16 +18 N/A Adopted on 15 October 2005. Rating systems are also used for television and motion pictures. No games distributed in Argentina have used this rating yet, as the majority of the games available for sale are imported.
Australia G M R18+ RC The restricted categories are MA15+ and R18+, the latter was introduced at the start of 2013.
PG MA15+ CTC
Brazil L 10 12 14 16 18 N/A The same rating system is used for television and motion pictures in Brazil.
ESRB
 加拿大
 墨西哥
 美國
EC E10+ T M AO RP This was adopted in 1994 in the United States, most of Canada, and Mexico. The E10+ rating was first used in early 2005. Games rated RP (Rating Pending) do not yet have a rating.
E
Germany USK 0 USK 6 USK 12 USK 12 USK 16 USK 18 Federal Department for Media Harmful to Young Persons英语Federal Department for Media Harmful to Young Persons 10-year-olds are legally permitted to purchase 12-rated games, but only with parental permission.
No labelling
Iran N/A +3 +7 +12 +15 +18 N/A Some games are forbidden. Games with intense violence, strong sexual content or nudity are prohibited.
Japan A B C D Z 審査予定 These ratings have been used since March 1, 2006. The Z rating is the only rating that is legally restricted.
New Zealand PG M R18 Objectionable Games with an unrestricted label in Australia can carry Australian classification labels, but New Zealand labels are required if the game is restricted (MA15+) in Australia or is classified RC英语List of banned video games in Australia.
G R13 R15 R16
PEGI
 歐洲
 印度
 以色列
 巴基斯坦

N/A 3 7 12 16 18 N/A Legal enforcement depends on the jurisdiction.
Portugal N/A 4 6 12 16 18 N/A Portugal uses a modified version of PEGI.
Russia 0+ 6+ 12+ 16+ 18+ N/A These ratings have been used since 1 September 2012. The same rating system is used for television, motion pictures, and publications in Russia.
Singapore General Age
Advisory
M18 N/A Adopted on 28 April 2008.
South Korea ALL 12 15 18 N/A Before 2006, video games released in South Korea were rated by KMRB英语Korea Media Rating Board.
Taiwan 普通
(G)
保護
(P)
輔12
(PG 12)
輔15
(PG 15)
限制
(R)
N/A 3DS video games released in Taiwan carry a mandatory age restriction of 6 years or more.

在上表中,斜體表示一個國際組織,而不是一個國家。

應用[编辑]

Video game rating systems map.svg

參考文獻[编辑]